Psalm 110:1
Parallel Verses
King James Version
A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Darby Bible Translation
{Psalm of David.} Jehovah said unto my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put thine enemies as footstool of thy feet.

World English Bible
Yahweh says to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool for your feet."

Young's Literal Translation
A Psalm of David. The affirmation of Jehovah to my Lord: 'Sit at My right hand, Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.'

Psalm 110:1 Parallel
Commentary
Geneva Study Bible

A Psalm of David. The {a} LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.

(a) Jesus Christ in Mt 22:44 gives the interpretation of this, and shows that this cannot properly be applied to David but to himself.

Scofield Reference Notes

[1] The Lord said unto my Lord

The importance of Psalm 110 is attested by the remarkable prominence given to it in the New Testament.

(1) It affirms the deity of Jesus, thus answering those who deny the full divine meaning of his N.T. title of "Lord." Mt 22:41-45 Mk 12:35-37 Lk 20:41-44 Acts 2:34,35 Heb 1:13 10:12,13.

(2) This Psalm announces the eternal priesthood of Messiah--one of the most important statements of Scripture (Ps 110:4).

See Scofield Note: "Gen 14:18" See Scofield Note: "Heb 5:6". Heb 7:1-28 1Tim 2:5,6 Jn 14:6.

(3) Historically, the Psalm begins with the ascension of Christ Ps 110:1, Jn 20:17 Acts 7:56 Rev 3:21.

(4) Prophetically, the Psalm looks on

(a) to the time when Christ will appear as the Rod of Jehovah's strength, the Deliverer out of Zion. Rom 11:25-27 and the conversion of Israel Ps 110:3 Joel 2:27 Zech 13:9 Dt 30:1-9 See Scofield Note: "Dt 30:3", and

(b) to the judgment upon the Gentile powers which precedes the setting up of the kingdom (Ps 110:5,6); Joel 3:9-17 Zech 14:1-4 Rev 19:11-21.

See "Armageddon" Rev 16:14 See Scofield Note: "Rev 19:17". "Israel" Gen 12:2,3. See Scofield Note: "Rom 11:26". "Kingdom" See Scofield Note: "Zech 12:8". See Scofield Note: "1Cor 15:24". See Scofield Note: "Ps 2:6". See Scofield Note: "Ps 118:22.

See Psalm 118, last in order of the Messianic Psalms.Psalm 110:1 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Soldier Priests
'Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.'--PSALM cx. 3. It is no part of my present purpose to establish the reference of this psalm to our Lord. We have Christ's own authority for that. It does not seem to be typical--that is to say, it does not appear to have had a lower application to a king of Israel who was a shadow of the true monarch, but rather to refer only to the coming Sovereign, whom
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

A Willing People and an Immutable Leader
The Psalm is a kind of coronation Psalm. Christ is bidden to take his throne: "Sit thou at my right hand." The sceptre is put into his hand. "The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion." And then the question is asked, "Where are his people?" For a king would be no king without subjects. The highest title of kingship is but an empty one that hath no subjects to make up its fulness. Where, then, shall Christ find that which shall be the fulness of him that filleth all in all? The great
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 2: 1856

Divine Love, the Principle of all Good.
To those who follow this path, divine love is all-sufficing. While despoiling of all things those souls who give themselves entirely to Him, God gives them something in place of them. Instead of light, wisdom, life, and strength, He gives them His love. The divine love in these souls is like a supernatural instinct. In nature, each thing contains that which is suitable to its kind. Each flower has its special beauty, each animal its instinct, and each creature its perfection. Also in the different
Jean-Pierre de Caussade—Abandonment to Divine Providence

The Allegory of Melchizedek.
HEBREWS vii. 1-28 (R.V.). "For this Melchizedek, King of Salem, priest of God Most High, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him, to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all (being first, by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God), abideth a priest continually. Now consider
Thomas Charles Edwards—The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews

Book ix. In the Last Book we Treated of the Indistinguishable Nature of God the Father And...
1. In the last book we treated of the indistinguishable nature of God the Father and God the Son, and demonstrated that the words, I and the Father are One [958] , go to prove not a solitary God, but a unity of the Godhead unbroken by the birth of the Son: for God can be born only of God, and He that is born God of God must be all that God is. We reviewed, although not exhaustively, yet enough to make our meaning clear, the sayings of our Lord and the Apostles, which teach the inseparable nature
St. Hilary of Poitiers—The Life and Writings of St. Hilary of Poitiers

Do the Catholics or the Arians Take the Better Course to Assure Themselves of The...
Do the Catholics or the Arians take the better course to assure themselves of the favour of Christ as their Judge? An objection grounded on Ps. cx. 1 is disposed of, it being shown that when the Son is invited by the Father to sit at His right hand, no subjection is intended to be signified--nor yet any preferment, in that the Son sits at the Father's right hand. The truth of the Trinity of Persons in God, and of the Unity of their Nature, is shown to be proved by the angelic Trisagion. 100. Howbeit,
St. Ambrose—Works and Letters of St. Ambrose

First Sunday after Epiphany
Text: Romans 12, 1-6. 1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service. 2 And be not fashioned according to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is the good and acceptable and perfect will of God. 3 For I say, through the grace that was given me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but
Martin Luther—Epistle Sermons, Vol. II

Peter's First Sermon
'This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. 33. Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, He hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. 34. For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit Thou on My right hand, 35. Until I make Thy foes Thy footstool. 36. Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture: The Acts

The Lost Sheep, the Lost Coin, and the Prodigal Son.
LUKE xv. The three parables of this chapter, like the seven in Matt. xiii., constitute a connected series. As soon as we begin to look into their contents and relations, it becomes obvious that they have been arranged according to a logical scheme, and that the group so framed is not fragmentary but complete. We cannot indeed fully comprehend the reciprocal relations of all until we shall have examined in detail the actual contents of each; and yet, on the other hand, a preliminary survey of the
William Arnot—The Parables of Our Lord

History of Arian Opinions.
Arius's own sentiments; his Thalia and Letter to S. Alexander; corrections by Eusebius and others; extracts from the works of Asterius; letter of the Council of Jerusalem; first Creed of Arians at the Dedication of Antioch; second, Lucian's on the same occasion; third, by Theophronius; fourth, sent to Constans in Gaul; fifth, the Macrostich sent into Italy; sixth, at Sirmium; seventh, at the same place; and eighth also, as given above in §8; ninth, at Seleucia; tenth, at Constantinople; eleventh,
Athanasius—Select Works and Letters or Athanasius

Cross References
Matthew 22:44
The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?

Matthew 26:64
Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

Mark 12:36
For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Mark 14:62
And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

Mark 16:19
So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.

Luke 20:42
And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,

Luke 20:43
Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.

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