8213. shaphel
Strong's Concordance
shaphel: to be or become low, to be abased
Original Word: שָׁפֵל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shaphel
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-fale')
Short Definition: abased
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to be or become low, to be abased
NASB Translation
abase (4), abased (6), been abased (1), bring him low (1), bring down (1), brings down (1), brings low (1), brought low (1), cast down (1), go down (1), humbles (1), laid low (1), lay low (2), lays it low (2), lowly (1), made low (1), make him low (1), placed lower (1), puts down (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
שָׁפֵל verb be or become low, be abased (Late Hebrew, derived species; Assyrian šapâlu, derived species and derivatives; Sabean ספל noun humility or lowland DHMxxix (1875), 604; Arabic , , be low (LagBN 48); Aramaic שְׁפַל, (derived species)); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular ׳שׁ Isaiah 2:11; 2feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ Isaiah 29:4, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיִּשְׁמַּל Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15; 3feminine plural תִּשְׁמַּלְנָה Isaiah 5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַל Ecclesiastes 12:4; Proverbs 16:19, see below; —

1 all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isaiah 10:33 ("" גְּדֻעִים), mountains Isaiah 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא Isaiah 2:12 (but read, for ׳שׁ, נִשְׂגָּב [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ [Lag], so Du CheHpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15, his loftiness Isaiah 2:17, haughty eyes Isaiah 2:11 (all "" שָׁחַח), Isaiah 5:15; of city Isaiah 32:19; as helping verb (= adverb) מֵאֶרֶץ ׳וְשׁ תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי Isaiah 29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges§ 120g; "" מֵעָפָר תִּשַׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ).

2 שְׁפַלרֿוּחַ Proverbs 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל.

3 of sound Ecclesiastes 12:4.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הִשְׁמִּיל Isaiah 25:12, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יַשְׁמִּיל Psalm 75:8, suffix יַשְׁמִּילֶנָּה יַשְׁמִּילָהּ Isaiah 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) הַשְׁמִּילֵ (הוּׅ Job 40:11; Jeremiah 13:18; Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁמִּילְךָ Proverbs 25:7 (Ezek 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁמֵּיל, "" הַגְבֵּהַּ, so Co Krae Ges§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁמִּיל 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 147:6; מַשְׁמִּילִי (Ges§ 90l) Psalm 113:6; —

1 usually figurative, ׳י subject, lay low, tree Ezekiel 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי); city Isaiah 26:5 ("" הֵשַׁח); fortress Isaiah 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח; Du thinks doublet of Isaiah 26:5); humiliate pride Isaiah 26:11; Isaiah 13:11, compare Job 40:11; object עֵינַיִם רָמוֺת Psalm 18:28, so read also "" 2 Samuel 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם׳מַשׁ׳י 1 Samuel 2:7, רְשָׁעִים Psalm 147:6; וְזֶה יָרִים ׳זֶה יַשׁ Psalm 75:8, compare Ezekiel 21:31.

2 hum. subject set one in a lower place Proverbs 25:7; subject hum. pride Proverbs 29:23; declar. Isaiah 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל.

3 as helping verb: + verb coordinate, שֵׁ֑בוּ ׳הַשׁ Jeremiah 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges§ 120g); + infinitive לִרְאוֺת ׳מַשׁ Psalm 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. ׳י; "" הַמַּגְבִּיתִי לָשָׁ֑בֶת Psalm 113:5; Ges§ 114m). — הִשְׁמִּילוּ וַתּאֹמֶר גֵּוָה֑ Job 22:29 is dubious; "" יוֺשִׁעַ favours אֱלוֺהַּ as subject, which Bu conjecture For ׳וַתּאֹ, read then הִשְׁמִּיל, ׳א hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (׳הִשׁ intransitive; AV, compare LagBN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).

[שְׁפֵל] verb be low (see Biblical Hebrew); —

Haph`el bring low, humble: Perfect2masculine singular הַשְׁמֵּלְתְּ לִבְבָח Daniel 5:22 thou hast not humbled thine heart; Imperfect3masculine singular יְהַשְׁמִּ֑ל Daniel 7:24, Infinitive לְהַשְׁמָּלָה Daniel 4:34, Participle מַשְׁמִּ֑ל Daniel 5:19, all with accusative of person bring low, put down.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
abase, bring cast, put down, debase, humble self, be bring, lay, make,

A primitive root; to depress or sink (expec. Figuratively, to humiliate, intransitive or transitive) -- abase, bring (cast, put) down, debase, humble (self), be (bring, lay, make, put) low(-er).

Forms and Transliterations
אַשְׁפִּֽיל׃ אשפיל׃ הִ֭שְׁפִּילוּ הִשְׁפִּ֛יל הִשְׁפַּ֣לְתִּי ׀ הַֽמַּשְׁפִּילִ֥י הַשְׁפִּ֣ילוּ המשפילי השפיל השפילו השפלתי וְהִשְׁפִּיל֙ וְהַגָּבֹ֖הַ וְהַשְׁפִּילֵֽהוּ׃ וְשָׁפֵ֖ל וְשָׁפֵֽל׃ וְשָׁפַלְתְּ֙ וַיִּשְׁפַּל־ וַתַּשְׁפִּ֖ילִי והגבה והשפיל והשפילהו׃ וישפל־ ושפל ושפל׃ ושפלת ותשפילי יִשְׁפָּ֑לוּ יִשְׁפָּֽלוּ׃ יַ֝שְׁפִּ֗יל יַשְׁפִּילֶ֤נָּה יַשְׁפִּילָהּ֙ ישפיל ישפילה ישפילנה ישפלו ישפלו׃ מֵֽ֭הַשְׁפִּ֣ילְךָ מַשְׁפִּ֖יל מהשפילך משפיל שָׁפֵ֔ל שפל תִּשְׁפַּ֥ל תִּשְׁפַּֽלְנָה׃ תַּשְׁפִּֽיל׃ תַּשְׁפִּילֶ֑נּוּ תשפיל׃ תשפילנו תשפל תשפלנה׃ ’aš·pîl ’ašpîl ashPil ham·maš·pî·lî hammashpiLi hammašpîlî haš·pî·lū hashPilu hašpîlū hiš·pal·tî hiš·pî·lū hiš·pîl hishPalti hishPil Hishpilu hišpaltî hišpîl hišpîlū maš·pîl mashPil mašpîl mê·haš·pî·lə·ḵā mehashPilecha mêhašpîləḵā šā·p̄êl šāp̄êl shaFel taš·pî·len·nū taš·pîl tashPil tashpiLennu tašpîl tašpîlennū tiš·pal tiš·pal·nāh tishPal tishPalnah tišpal tišpalnāh vaiyishpal vattashPili vehaggaVoha vehashpiLehu vehishPil veshafalT veshaFel wat·taš·pî·lî wattašpîlî way·yiš·pal- wayyišpal- wə·hag·gā·ḇō·ha wə·haš·pî·lê·hū wə·hiš·pîl wə·šā·p̄alt wə·šā·p̄êl wəhaggāḇōha wəhašpîlêhū wəhišpîl wəšāp̄alt wəšāp̄êl yaš·pî·lāh yaš·pî·len·nāh yaš·pîl yashPil yashpiLah yashpiLennah yašpîl yašpîlāh yašpîlennāh yiš·pā·lū yishPalu yišpālū
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Strong's Hebrew 8213
29 Occurrences


’aš·pîl — 1 Occ.
ham·maš·pî·lî — 1 Occ.
haš·pî·lū — 1 Occ.
hiš·pal·tî — 1 Occ.
hiš·pîl — 1 Occ.
hiš·pî·lū — 1 Occ.
maš·pîl — 2 Occ.
mê·haš·pî·lə·ḵā — 1 Occ.
šā·p̄êl — 1 Occ.
taš·pîl — 2 Occ.
taš·pî·len·nū — 1 Occ.
tiš·pal — 1 Occ.
tiš·pal·nāh — 1 Occ.
way·yiš·pal- — 2 Occ.
wat·taš·pî·lî — 1 Occ.
wə·hag·gā·ḇō·ha — 1 Occ.
wə·haš·pî·lê·hū — 1 Occ.
wə·hiš·pîl — 1 Occ.
wə·šā·p̄alt — 1 Occ.
wə·šā·p̄êl — 2 Occ.
yaš·pîl — 1 Occ.
yaš·pî·lāh — 1 Occ.
yaš·pî·len·nāh — 1 Occ.
yiš·pā·lū — 2 Occ.

1 Samuel 2:7
HEB: מוֹרִ֣ישׁ וּמַעֲשִׁ֑יר מַשְׁפִּ֖יל אַף־ מְרוֹמֵֽם׃
NAS: and rich; He brings low, He also
KJV: and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and
INT: makes and rich brings also exalts

2 Samuel 22:28
HEB: עַל־ רָמִ֥ים תַּשְׁפִּֽיל׃
NAS: are on the haughty [whom] You abase.
KJV: [are] upon the haughty, [that] thou mayest bring [them] down.
INT: are on the haughty abase

Job 22:29
HEB: כִּֽי־ הִ֭שְׁפִּילוּ וַתֹּ֣אמֶר גֵּוָ֑ה
NAS: When you are cast down, you will speak
KJV: When [men] are cast down, then thou shalt say,
INT: When are cast will speak confidence

Job 40:11
HEB: כָל־ גֵּ֝אֶ֗ה וְהַשְׁפִּילֵֽהוּ׃
NAS: who is proud, and make him low.
KJV: every one [that is] proud, and abase him.
INT: everyone who and make

Psalm 18:27
HEB: וְעֵינַ֖יִם רָמ֣וֹת תַּשְׁפִּֽיל׃
NAS: But haughty eyes You abase.
KJV: people; but wilt bring down high
INT: eyes haughty abase

Psalm 75:7
HEB: שֹׁפֵ֑ט זֶ֥ה יַ֝שְׁפִּ֗יל וְזֶ֣ה יָרִֽים׃
NAS: is the Judge; He puts down one
KJV: [is] the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up
INT: is the Judge one puts another and exalts

Psalm 113:6
HEB: הַֽמַּשְׁפִּילִ֥י לִרְא֑וֹת בַּשָּׁמַ֥יִם
NAS: Who humbles Himself to behold
KJV: Who humbleth [himself] to behold
INT: humbles to behold heaven

Psalm 147:6
HEB: עֲנָוִ֣ים יְהוָ֑ה מַשְׁפִּ֖יל רְשָׁעִ֣ים עֲדֵי־
NAS: the afflicted; He brings down the wicked
KJV: the wicked down to the ground.
INT: the afflicted the LORD brings the wicked eternity

Proverbs 25:7
HEB: עֲ‍ֽלֵ֫ה הֵ֥נָּה מֵֽ֭הַשְׁפִּ֣ילְךָ לִפְנֵ֣י נָדִ֑יב
NAS: Than for you to be placed lower in the presence
KJV: unto thee, Come up hither; than that thou shouldest be put lower in the presence
INT: Come here to be placed the presence of the prince

Proverbs 29:23
HEB: גַּאֲוַ֣ת אָ֭דָם תַּשְׁפִּילֶ֑נּוּ וּשְׁפַל־ ר֝֗וּחַ
NAS: pride will bring him low, But a humble
KJV: pride shall bring him low: but honour
INT: pride A man's will bring A humble spirit

Isaiah 2:9
HEB: וַיִּשַּׁ֥ח אָדָ֖ם וַיִּשְׁפַּל־ אִ֑ישׁ וְאַל־
NAS: And the man [of importance] has been abased, But do not forgive
KJV: and the great man humbleth himself: therefore forgive
INT: has been the man has been and the man not

Isaiah 2:11
HEB: גַּבְה֤וּת אָדָם֙ שָׁפֵ֔ל וְשַׁ֖ח ר֣וּם
NAS: of man will be abased And the loftiness
KJV: of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness
INT: the proud of man will be abased will be humbled and the loftiness

Isaiah 2:12
HEB: כָּל־ נִשָּׂ֥א וְשָׁפֵֽל׃
NAS: who is lifted up, That he may be abased.
KJV: and upon every [one that is] lifted up; and he shall be brought low:
INT: everyone is lifted may be abased

Isaiah 2:17
HEB: גַּבְה֣וּת הָאָדָ֔ם וְשָׁפֵ֖ל ר֣וּם אֲנָשִׁ֑ים
NAS: of men will be abased; And the LORD
KJV: of men shall be made low: and the LORD
INT: the pride of man will be abased and the loftiness of men

Isaiah 5:15
HEB: וַיִּשַּׁ֥ח אָדָ֖ם וַיִּשְׁפַּל־ אִ֑ישׁ וְעֵינֵ֥י
NAS: and the man of [importance] abased, The eyes
KJV: and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes
INT: will be humbled the man of abased and the man the eyes

Isaiah 5:15
HEB: וְעֵינֵ֥י גְבֹהִ֖ים תִּשְׁפַּֽלְנָה׃
NAS: of the proud also will be abased.
KJV: of the lofty shall be humbled:
INT: the eyes of the proud will be abased

Isaiah 10:33
HEB: גְּדוּעִ֔ים וְהַגְּבֹהִ֖ים יִשְׁפָּֽלוּ׃
NAS: And those who are lofty will be abased.
KJV: and the haughty shall be humbled.
INT: will be cut who will be abased

Isaiah 13:11
HEB: וְגַאֲוַ֥ת עָרִיצִ֖ים אַשְׁפִּֽיל׃
NAS: of the proud And abase the haughtiness
KJV: to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness
INT: the haughtiness of the ruthless and abase

Isaiah 25:11
HEB: הַשֹּׂחֶ֖ה לִשְׂח֑וֹת וְהִשְׁפִּיל֙ גַּֽאֲוָת֔וֹ עִ֖ם
NAS: out [his hands] to swim, But [the Lord] will lay low his pride
KJV: [his hands] to swim: and he shall bring down their pride
INT: A swimmer swim will lay his pride together

Isaiah 25:12
HEB: חוֹמֹתֶ֗יךָ הֵשַׁ֥ח הִשְׁפִּ֛יל הִגִּ֥יעַ לָאָ֖רֶץ
NAS: He will bring down, Lay low [and] cast
KJV: shall he bring down, lay low, [and] bring
INT: of your walls will bring Lay cast to the ground

Isaiah 26:5
HEB: קִרְיָ֖ה נִשְׂגָּבָ֑ה יַשְׁפִּילֶ֤נָּה יַשְׁפִּילָהּ֙ עַד־
NAS: city; He lays it low, He lays it low
KJV: city, he layeth it low; he layeth it low,
INT: city the unassailable lays low against

Isaiah 26:5
HEB: נִשְׂגָּבָ֑ה יַשְׁפִּילֶ֤נָּה יַשְׁפִּילָהּ֙ עַד־ אֶ֔רֶץ
NAS: He lays it low, He lays it low to the ground,
KJV: he layeth it low; he layeth it low, [even] to the ground;
INT: the unassailable lays low against to the ground

Isaiah 29:4
HEB: וְשָׁפַלְתְּ֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ תְּדַבֵּ֔רִי
NAS: Then you will be brought low; From the earth
KJV: And thou shalt be brought down, [and] shalt speak
INT: will be brought the earth will speak

Isaiah 32:19
HEB: הַיָּ֑עַר וּבַשִּׁפְלָ֖ה תִּשְׁפַּ֥ל הָעִֽיר׃
NAS: And the city will be utterly laid low.
KJV: and the city shall be low in a low place.
INT: the forest will be utterly laid and the city

Isaiah 40:4
HEB: הַ֥ר וְגִבְעָ֖ה יִשְׁפָּ֑לוּ וְהָיָ֤ה הֶֽעָקֹב֙
NAS: and hill be made low; And let the rough ground
KJV: and hill shall be made low: and the crooked
INT: mountain and hill be made become the rough

29 Occurrences

8212
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