8074. shamem
Strong's Concordance
shamem: to be desolated or appalled
Original Word: שָׁמֵם
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shamem
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-mame')
Short Definition: desolate
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to be desolated or appalled
NASB Translation
appalled (13), astonished (8), astounded (1), become desolate (1), causes horror (1), causing consternation (1), desolate (22), desolated (4), desolating (1), desolation (5), desolations (3), destitute (1), destroy (1), devastations (1), horrified (2), laid desolate (1), laid waste (4), lie deserted (1), lies desolate (1), made me desolate (1), made you desolate (1), made desolate (3), make the desolate (2), make their desolate (2), make them desolate (1), make your desolate (1), make...appalled (1), make...desolate (1), makes desolate (2), ravaged (1), ruin (1), ruined (1), ruins (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
[שָׁמֵם] verb be desoleted, appalled (connection of meanings not clear) (Late Hebrew id.; Jewish-Aramaic שְׁמַם Ithpe`el be dazed); —

Qal Perfect3feminine singular שָׁמֵ֑מָה Ezekiel 35:15, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יִשֹּׁם; 1 Kings 9:8 +, 3 masculine plural יָשֹּׁ֫מּוּ Job 17:8; Psalm 40:16, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שֹׁ֫מוּ Jeremiah 2:19; Infinitive construct (?) metaplastic שַׁמוֺת Ezekiel 36:3 (Ges§ 67r, but see infra); — תֵּשַׁם, etc. (see [יָשַׁם]) are placed here by most; Ezekiel 6:6 reads תִּישָׁ֑מְנָה, see Ges § 67 p dd; — Participle שׁוֺמֵם Lamentations 3:11 (see also

Po-.); feminine שֹׁמֵמָ֔ה (Ges§ 84a s) 2 Samuel 13:20 +; plural שׁוֺמֵמִין Lamentations 1:14, etc.; —

1 be desolated, of Tamar 2 Samuel 13:20 (i.e. deflowered, or deserted; others appalled), of person elsewhere late Lamentations 1:16; נְתָנַנִי שֹׁמֵמָה Lamentations 1:13, ׳שָׂמַ֫נִי שׁ Lamentations 3:11; participle as feminine noun בְּנֵי שׁוֺמֵמָה Isaiah 54:1 (opposed to בְּעוּלָה) [Daniel 8:13 #NAME?

Po-.]; usually of land, etc. (sometimes=deserted), Isaiah 49:8; Ezekiel 33:28 (מֵאֵין עוֺבֵר), Ezekiel 35:12 (read שָֽׁמְמוּ Qr Co Toy Krae; >Kt שׁממה), Ezekiel 35:15; הֶחְָרָבוֺת הַשֹּׁמִמוֺת Ezekiel 36:4 ("" הֶעָרִים הַנֱּעֶזָבוֺת שַׁמּוֺת) Ezekiel 36:3 is probably corrupt, Co שְׁאָט as Ezekiel 36:5, Hi-Sm from שׁמה = נשׁם, Toy reads נָשֹׁם, Krae נָשֹׁם; — participle feminine plural as noun = desolate places Isaiah 49:19; Isaiah 61:4 (both "" חֳרָבוֺת), Isaiah 61:4 (compare שְׁמָמָה Isaiah 62:4); = desolations Daniel 9:18,26.

2 be appalled, awestruck, usually at (עַל) judgments on others, Leviticus 26:32 (H), Jeremiah 2:12 (see II. [ חָרֵב]), Ezekiel 26:16; Ezekiel 27:35; Ezekiel 28:19; Isaiah 52:14; Job 17:8, compare 1 Kings 9:8 2Chronicles 7:12; Jeremiah 18:16; Jeremiah 19:8; Jeremiah 49:17; Jeremiah 50:13; on oneself Psalm 40:16 (עַלעֵֿקֶב). — Isaiah 42:14 see [נשׁם].

Niph`al Perfect3feminine singular נָשַׁ֫מָּה Jeremiah 12:11 +, 3 plural נָשַׁ֫נּוּ Zephaniah 3:6 +; Participle feminine נְשַׁמָּה Ezekiel 36:34 +, etc.; — =

Qal: 1. be desolated, of roads Leviticus 26:22 (H), Isaiah 33:8, bamoth Amos 7:9 ("" יֶחֱרָ֑בוּ), altars Ezekiel 6:4; compare Ezekiel 25:3; Ezekiel 32:15; Zephaniah 3:6; Zechariah 7:14; Joel 1:17; Psalm 69:26; of lands Ezekiel 29:12; Ezekiel 30:7; Ezekiel 36:34,35, cities Isaiah 54:3 (opposed to יוֺשִׁיבוּ), compare Ezekiel 36:35; Amos 9:14; Jeremiah 33:10; הַנְּשַׁמָּה Ezekiel 36:36 the desolated (that is, land, in figure).

2 be appalled Jeremiah 4:9; Lamentations 4:5; Ezekiel 4:17; Ezekiel 30:7, with עַל of thing Job 18:20.

Po` Participle

1 וֵָ˜אשְׁבָה מְשׁוֺמֵם Ezra 9:3I sat appalled, compare Ezra 9:4

2 transitive appalling, causing horror (DrDan 150 f.): (הַ)שִּׁקּוּץ מְשֹׁמֵם Daniel 11:31, + perhaps Daniel 9:27 a (see שִׁקּוּץ); so also שֹׁמֵם ׳שִׁוּ Daniel 12:11 (on ׳שׁ v, Ges§ 52s), הַמֶּשַׁע שֹׁמֵם Daniel 8:13 the crime causing horror, and ׳שׁ as noun horror-causer, appaller, Daniel 9:27b.

Hiph`il Perfect2masculine singular הֲשִׁמּ֫וֺתָ Job 16:7, etc.; Imperfect3masculine singular יַשּׁים (Ges§ 67y) Jeremiah 49:20; Jeremiah 50:45, 3masculine plural suffix וַיְשִׁמֵּם 1 Samuel 5:6, 1plural נַשִּׁים Numbers 21:30, etc.; Imperative masculine plural הָשַׁמּוּ (Ges§ 67v) Job 21:5; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁמֵם Micah 6:13; Participle מַשְׁמִים Ezekiel 3:15; —

1 devastate, ravage, accusative of person 1 Samuel 5:6; Ezekiel 20:26; Hosea 2:14 (figurative of vine), Job 16:7; accusative of location Leviticus 26:31,32 (H) Jeremiah 10:25; Ezekiel 30:12,14; Psalm 79:7, so (accusative omitted) Numbers 21:30 (poem in J E), Micah 6:13; — Ezekiel 14:8 see שִׂים

Hiph`il 2. a. appal, accusative of person, with עַל at, Jeremiah 49:20; Jeremiah 50:45; Ezekiel 32:10.

b. inwardly transitive, וָאֵשֵׁב ׳מִשׁ Ezekiel 3:15 shewing horror, Job 21:5 (Bu Niph`al הִשַּׁמוּ).

Hoph`al Infinitive construct כָּליְֿמֵי הָשַּׁמָּה (that is הָאָרֶץ) Leviticus 26:34 (H) all the days of (its) being desolate, so Leviticus 26:35; 2Chronicles 36:21; Aramaizing, בָּהְשַׁמָּה (Ges§ 67y) Leviticus 26:43.

Hithpo`el Imperfect3masculine singular יִשְׁתּוֺמֵם Psalm 143:4, etc.; —

1 be appalled, astounded, כִּי that, because, Isaiah 59:16; Isaiah 63:5; עַל of thing Daniel 8:27; ׳עבּתוֺכִי יִשְׁתּ Psalm 143:4 (compare 1 plural נשתומם Ecclus. 43:24).

2 cause oneself desolation, ruin, Ecclesiastes 7:16.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
make amazed, be astonished, be an astonishment, be, bring into, unto, lay, lie,

A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively, grow numb), i.e. Devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense) -- make amazed, be astonied, (be an) astonish(-ment), (be, bring into, unto, lay, lie, make) desolate(-ion, places), be destitute, destroy (self), (lay, lie, make) waste, wonder.

Forms and Transliterations
אֲשִׁמֵּ֔ם אשמם בָּהְשַׁמָּה֙ בהשמה הֲ֝שִׁמּ֗וֹתָ הֳשַׁמָּ֔ה הֵשַֽׁמּוּ׃ הַֽנְשַׁמּ֗וֹת הַנְּשַׁמָּ֑ה הַנְּשַׁמָּ֔ה הַנְּשַׁמָּ֖ה הַשְׁמֵ֖ם הָשַּׁמָּ֖ה הָשַּׁמָּה֙ הנשמה הנשמות השמה השמו׃ השמות השמם וְאֶשְׁתּוֹמֵ֖ם וְהַֽנְשַׁמּ֥וֹת וְהָשַׁ֑מּוּ וְנָשַׁ֕מּוּ וְנָשַׁ֖מּוּ וְנָשַׁ֙מּוּ֙ וְשָֽׁמְמ֛וּ וְשָֽׁמְמ֤וּ וְשָׁמְמ֖וּ וְשֹׁ֣מְמֹתַ֔יִךְ וַהֲשִֽׂמֹתִ֙יהוּ֙ וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִ֗י וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִ֞י וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִ֥י וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִי֙ וַהֲשִׁמּוֹתִ֖י וַהֲשִׁמּוֹתִ֨י וַיְשִׁמֵּ֑ם וַיִּשְׁתּוֹמֵ֖ם וַנַּשִּׁ֣ים וָאֶשְׁתּוֹמֵ֥ם וּנְשַׁמָּ֗ה ואשתומם והנשמות והשמו והשמותי והשמתי והשמתיהו וישמם וישתומם ונשים ונשמה ונשמו ושממו ושממתיך יִשְׁתּוֹמֵ֥ם יִשֹּׁ֑ם יִשֹּׁ֖ם יִשֹּׁ֣ם יִשֹּׁ֥ם יַשִּׁ֛ים יָ֭שֹׁמּוּ יָשֹׁ֣מּוּ ישים ישם ישמו ישתומם לְשַׁמָּֽה׃ לשמה׃ מְשֹׁמֵ֔ם מְשׁוֹמֵ֔ם מְשׁוֹמֵֽם׃ מַשְׁמִ֥ים משומם משומם׃ משמים משמם נְשַׁמָּ֑ה נְשַׁמּ֑וֹת נְשַׁמּ֖וֹת נְשַׁמּ֗וֹת נְשַׁמּוֹת֙ נָשַׁ֔מָּה נָשַׁ֖מּוּ נָשַׁ֙מָּה֙ נָשַׁ֙מּוּ֙ נָשַׁ֣מּוּ נשמה נשמו נשמות שֶׁשָּׁמֵ֔ם שַׁמּוֹת֩ שָׁמְמ֖וּ שָׁמְמ֤וּ שָׁמֵ֖מָה שֹׁ֥מּוּ שֹׁמְמ֖וֹת שֹׁמְמ֥וֹת שֹׁמֵ֑ם שֹׁמֵ֔ם שֹׁמֵֽם׃ שֹׁמֵמֽוֹת׃ שֽׁוֹמֵמִ֔ים שֽׁוֹמֵמִ֔ין שָׁמֵ֑מוּ שׁוֹמֵמָ֛ה שוממה שוממים שוממין שמו שמות שמם שמם׃ שממה שממו שממות שממות׃ ששמם תִּשּׁוֹמֵֽם׃ תשומם׃ ’ă·šim·mêm ’ăšimmêm ashimMem bā·hə·šam·māh bāhəšammāh bahshamMah hă·šim·mō·w·ṯā han·nə·šam·māh han·šam·mō·wṯ hannəšammāh hanneshamMah hanšammōwṯ hanshamMot haš·mêm hāš·šam·māh hashimMota hashMem hashshamMah hăšimmōwṯā hašmêm hāššammāh hê·šam·mū hêšammū heShammu hoš·šam·māh hoshshamMah hoššammāh lə·šam·māh ləšammāh leshamMah maš·mîm mashMim mašmîm mə·šō·mêm mə·šō·w·mêm meshoMem məšōmêm məšōwmêm nā·šam·māh nā·šam·mū nāšammāh nāšammū naShammah naShammu nə·šam·māh nə·šam·mō·wṯ nəšammāh nəšammōwṯ neshamMah neshamMot šā·mê·māh šā·mê·mū šā·mə·mū šam·mō·wṯ šāmêmāh šāmêmū šāməmū šammōwṯ šeš·šā·mêm šeššāmêm shaMemah shameMu shammOt sheshshaMem shoMem shomeMah shomeMim shomeMin shomeMot Shommu šō·mê·mō·wṯ šō·mə·mō·wṯ šō·mêm šō·w·mê·māh šō·w·mê·mîm šō·w·mê·mîn šōm·mū šōmêm šōmêmōwṯ šōməmōwṯ šōmmū šōwmêmāh šōwmêmîm šōwmêmîn tiš·šō·w·mêm tishshoMem tiššōwmêm ū·nə·šam·māh ūnəšammāh uneshamMah vaeshtoMem vahashimmoTi vahasimoTihu vaiyishtoMem vannashShim vayshimMem veeshtoMem vehanshamMot vehaShammu venaShammu veshameMu veshamMu veShomemoTayich wā’eštōwmêm wā·’eš·tō·w·mêm wa·hă·śi·mō·ṯî·hū wa·hă·šim·mō·ṯî wa·hă·šim·mō·w·ṯî wahăšimmōṯî wahăšimmōwṯî wahăśimōṯîhū wan·naš·šîm wannaššîm way·šim·mêm way·yiš·tō·w·mêm wayšimmêm wayyištōwmêm wə’eštōwmêm wə·’eš·tō·w·mêm wə·hā·šam·mū wə·han·šam·mō·wṯ wə·nā·šam·mū wə·šā·mə·mū wə·šō·mə·mō·ṯa·yiḵ wəhanšammōwṯ wəhāšammū wənāšammū wəšāməmū wəšōməmōṯayiḵ yā·šōm·mū yaš·šîm yaShommu yashShim yāšōmmū yaššîm yiš·šōm yiš·tō·w·mêm yishShom yishtoMem yiššōm yištōwmêm
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 8074
86 Occurrences


’ă·šim·mêm — 1 Occ.
bā·hə·šam·māh — 1 Occ.
han·nə·šam·māh — 3 Occ.
han·šam·mō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
hă·šim·mō·w·ṯā — 1 Occ.
haš·mêm — 1 Occ.
hāš·šam·māh — 2 Occ.
hê·šam·mū — 2 Occ.
hoš·šam·māh — 1 Occ.
lə·šam·māh — 1 Occ.
maš·mîm — 1 Occ.
mə·šō·w·mêm — 4 Occ.
nā·šam·māh — 2 Occ.
nā·šam·mū — 5 Occ.
nə·šam·māh — 1 Occ.
nə·šam·mō·wṯ — 4 Occ.
šā·mê·māh — 1 Occ.
šā·mə·mū — 4 Occ.
šam·mō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
šeš·šā·mêm — 1 Occ.
šō·mêm — 3 Occ.
šō·w·mê·māh — 1 Occ.
šō·w·mê·mîm — 1 Occ.
šō·w·mê·mîn — 1 Occ.
šō·mê·mō·wṯ — 4 Occ.
šōm·mū — 1 Occ.
tiš·šō·w·mêm — 1 Occ.
ū·nə·šam·māh — 1 Occ.
wā·’eš·tō·w·mêm — 1 Occ.
wa·hă·šim·mō·w·ṯî — 6 Occ.
wa·hă·śi·mō·ṯî·hū — 1 Occ.
way·yiš·tō·w·mêm — 1 Occ.
wan·naš·šîm — 1 Occ.
way·šim·mêm — 1 Occ.
wə·’eš·tō·w·mêm — 1 Occ.
wə·han·šam·mō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
wə·hā·šam·mū — 1 Occ.
wə·nā·šam·mū — 6 Occ.
wə·šā·mə·mū — 2 Occ.
wə·šā·mə·mū — 1 Occ.
wə·šō·mə·mō·ṯa·yiḵ — 1 Occ.
yā·šōm·mū — 2 Occ.
yaš·šîm — 2 Occ.
yiš·šōm — 6 Occ.
yiš·tō·w·mêm — 1 Occ.

Leviticus 26:22
HEB: וְהִמְעִ֖יטָה אֶתְכֶ֑ם וְנָשַׁ֖מּוּ דַּרְכֵיכֶֽם׃
NAS: your number so that your roads lie deserted.
KJV: and your [high] ways shall be desolate.
INT: your cattle and reduce lie your roads

Leviticus 26:31
HEB: עָֽרֵיכֶם֙ חָרְבָּ֔ה וַהֲשִׁמּוֹתִ֖י אֶת־ מִקְדְּשֵׁיכֶ֑ם
NAS: your cities as well and will make your sanctuaries
KJV: your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell
INT: your cities waste and will make your sanctuaries and I will not

Leviticus 26:32
HEB: וַהֲשִׁמֹּתִ֥י אֲנִ֖י אֶת־
NAS: I will make the land desolate
KJV: the land into desolation: and your enemies
INT: will make I the land

Leviticus 26:32
HEB: אֶת־ הָאָ֑רֶץ וְשָֽׁמְמ֤וּ עָלֶ֙יהָ֙ אֹֽיְבֵיכֶ֔ם
NAS: the land desolate so that your enemies
KJV: which dwell therein shall be astonished at it.
INT: I the land desolate over and your enemies

Leviticus 26:34
HEB: כֹּ֚ל יְמֵ֣י הֳשַׁמָּ֔ה וְאַתֶּ֖ם בְּאֶ֣רֶץ
NAS: the days of the desolation, while you are in your enemies'
KJV: as long as it lieth desolate, and ye [be] in your enemies'
INT: all the days of the desolation you land

Leviticus 26:35
HEB: כָּל־ יְמֵ֥י הָשַּׁמָּ֖ה תִּשְׁבֹּ֑ת אֵ֣ת
NAS: the days of [its] desolation it will observe
KJV: As long as it lieth desolate it shall rest;
INT: All the days of desolation will observe which

Leviticus 26:43
HEB: אֶת־ שַׁבְּתֹתֶ֗יהָ בָּהְשַׁמָּה֙ מֵהֶ֔ם וְהֵ֖ם
NAS: up for its sabbaths while it is made desolate without
KJV: her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them: and they shall accept
INT: and will make sabbaths is made like like

Numbers 21:30
HEB: עַד־ דִּיב֑וֹן וַנַּשִּׁ֣ים עַד־ נֹ֔פַח
NAS: as Dibon, Then we have laid waste even
KJV: even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah,
INT: far Dibon have laid even to Nophah

1 Samuel 5:6
HEB: אֶל־ הָאַשְׁדּוֹדִ֖ים וַיְשִׁמֵּ֑ם וַיַּ֤ךְ אֹתָם֙
NAS: on the Ashdodites, and He ravaged them and smote
KJV: upon them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and smote
INT: on the Ashdodites ravaged and smote stronghold

1 Kings 9:8
HEB: עֹבֵ֥ר עָלָ֖יו יִשֹּׁ֣ם וְשָׁרָ֑ק וְאָמְר֗וּ
NAS: who passes by will be astonished and hiss
KJV: every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss;
INT: passes by will be astonished and hiss and say

2 Chronicles 7:21
HEB: עֹבֵ֥ר עָלָ֖יו יִשֹּׁ֑ם וְאָמַ֗ר בַּמֶּ֨ה
NAS: who passes by it will be astonished and say,
KJV: which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth
INT: passes and will be astonished and say Why

2 Chronicles 36:21
HEB: כָּל־ יְמֵ֤י הָשַּׁמָּה֙ שָׁבָ֔תָה לְמַלֹּ֖אות
NAS: the days of its desolation it kept sabbath
KJV: [for] as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath,
INT: All the days desolation kept were complete

Ezra 9:3
HEB: וּזְקָנִ֔י וָאֵשְׁבָ֖ה מְשׁוֹמֵֽם׃
NAS: and my beard, and sat down appalled.
KJV: and sat down astonied.
INT: and my beard and sat appalled

Ezra 9:4
HEB: וַאֲנִי֙ יֹשֵׁ֣ב מְשׁוֹמֵ֔ם עַ֖ד לְמִנְחַ֥ת
NAS: to me, and I sat appalled until
KJV: and I sat astonied until the evening
INT: I sat appalled until offering

Job 16:7
HEB: עַתָּ֥ה הֶלְאָ֑נִי הֲ֝שִׁמּ֗וֹתָ כָּל־ עֲדָתִֽי׃
NAS: He has exhausted me; You have laid waste all
KJV: But now he hath made me weary: thou hast made desolate all my company.
INT: now has exhausted have laid all my company

Job 17:8
HEB: יָשֹׁ֣מּוּ יְשָׁרִ֣ים עַל־
NAS: The upright will be appalled at this,
KJV: Upright [men] shall be astonied at this, and the innocent
INT: will be appalled the upright against

Job 18:20
HEB: עַל־ י֭וֹמוֹ נָשַׁ֣מּוּ אַחֲרֹנִ֑ים וְ֝קַדְמֹנִ֗ים
NAS: Those in the west are appalled at his fate,
KJV: They that come after [him] shall be astonied at his day,
INT: at his fate are appalled the west the east

Job 21:5
HEB: פְּנוּ־ אֵלַ֥י וְהָשַׁ֑מּוּ וְשִׂ֖ימוּ יָ֣ד
NAS: Look at me, and be astonished, And put
KJV: Mark me, and be astonished, and lay
INT: Look at be astonished and put hand

Psalm 40:15
HEB: יָ֭שֹׁמּוּ עַל־ עֵ֣קֶב
NAS: Let those be appalled because
KJV: Let them be desolate for a reward
INT: those be appalled for A reward

Psalm 69:25
HEB: תְּהִי־ טִֽירָתָ֥ם נְשַׁמָּ֑ה בְּ֝אָהֳלֵיהֶ֗ם אַל־
NAS: May their camp be desolate; May none
KJV: Let their habitation be desolate; [and] let none dwell
INT: become may their camp be desolate their tents may none

Psalm 79:7
HEB: וְֽאֶת־ נָוֵ֥הוּ הֵשַֽׁמּוּ׃ אַֽל־ תִּזְכָּר־
NAS: Jacob And laid waste his habitation.
KJV: Jacob, and laid waste his dwelling place.
INT: Jacob his habitation and laid nay burn

Psalm 143:4
HEB: רוּחִ֑י בְּ֝תוֹכִ֗י יִשְׁתּוֹמֵ֥ם לִבִּֽי׃
NAS: me; My heart is appalled within
KJV: within me is desolate.
INT: my spirit within is appalled my heart

Ecclesiastes 7:16
HEB: יוֹתֵ֑ר לָ֖מָּה תִּשּׁוֹמֵֽם׃
NAS: wise. Why should you ruin yourself?
KJV: wise: why shouldest thou destroy thyself?
INT: not be overly Why ruin

Isaiah 33:8
HEB: נָשַׁ֣מּוּ מְסִלּ֔וֹת שָׁבַ֖ת
NAS: The highways are desolate, the traveler
KJV: The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man
INT: are desolate the highways has ceased

Isaiah 49:8
HEB: לְהַנְחִ֖יל נְחָל֥וֹת שֹׁמֵמֽוֹת׃
NAS: to make [them] inherit the desolate heritages;
KJV: to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;
INT: to make inherit heritages the desolate

86 Occurrences

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