3690. oxos
Strong's Concordance
oxos: sour wine
Original Word: ὄξος, ους, τό
Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Transliteration: oxos
Phonetic Spelling: (oz-os)
Short Definition: vinegar, sour wine
Definition: vinegar, sour wine mixed with water, a common drink of Roman soldiers.
HELPS Word-studies

3690 óksos – low-grade, sour wine, given as a cheap painkiller to people condemned to crucifixion. "Apparently Jesus was offered two kinds of wine. One wine was mixed with gall (5521 /xolḗ), which Christ refused once He tasted it (Mt 27:34,48) – and the other wine mixed with myrrh" (G. Archer).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from oxus
Definition
sour wine
NASB Translation
sour wine (6).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 3690: ὄξος

ὄξος, ὀξεος (ὄξους), τό (ὀξύς), vinegar (Aeschylus, Hippocrates, Aristophanes, Xenophon, and following; for חֹמֶץ, Ruth 2:14; Numbers 6:3, etc.); used in the N. T. for Latinposca, i. e. the mixture of sour wine or vinegar and water which the Roman soldiers were accustomed to drink: Matthew 27:34 R L marginal reading, 48; Mark 15:36; Luke 23:36; John 19:29f.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
vinegar.

From oxus; vinegar, i.e. Sour wine -- vinegar.

see GREEK oxus

Forms and Transliterations
όξει οξος όξος ὄξος οξους όξους ὄξους οξυγράφου οξύθυμος οξύναι οξύνει οξύνου ώξυνε oxos óxos oxous óxous
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 3690
6 Occurrences


ὄξος — 2 Occ.
ὄξους — 4 Occ.

Matthew 27:48 N-GNS
GRK: πλήσας τε ὄξους καὶ περιθεὶς
NAS: he filled it with sour wine and put
KJV: filled [it] with vinegar, and
INT: having filled [it] and with vinegar and having put [it] on

Mark 15:36 N-GNS
GRK: γεμίσας σπόγγον ὄξους περιθεὶς καλάμῳ
NAS: a sponge with sour wine, put
KJV: full of vinegar, and
INT: having filled a sponge with vinegar having put [it] on a reed

Luke 23:36 N-ANS
GRK: στρατιῶται προσερχόμενοι ὄξος προσφέροντες αὐτῷ
NAS: up to Him, offering Him sour wine,
KJV: offering him vinegar,
INT: soldiers coming near vinegar offering him

John 19:29 N-GNS
GRK: σκεῦος ἔκειτο ὄξους μεστόν σπόγγον
NAS: A jar full of sour wine was standing
KJV: full of vinegar: and
INT: A vessel was set of vinegar full a sponge

John 19:29 N-GNS
GRK: μεστὸν τοῦ ὄξους ὑσσώπῳ περιθέντες
NAS: of sour wine was standing
KJV: a spunge with vinegar, and
INT: having filled with vinegar hyssop having put [it] on

John 19:30 N-ANS
GRK: ἔλαβεν τὸ ὄξος ὁ Ἰησοῦς
NAS: had received the sour wine, He said,
KJV: had received the vinegar, he said,
INT: took the vinegar Jesus

6 Occurrences

3689
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