oxos: sour wineOriginal Word: ὄξος, ους, τό
Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Phonetic Spelling: (oz-os)
Short Definition: vinegar, sour wine
Definition: vinegar, sour wine mixed with water, a common drink of Roman soldiers.
3690 óksos – low-grade, sour wine, given as a cheap painkiller to people condemned to crucifixion. "Apparently Jesus was offered two kinds of wine. One wine was mixed with gall (5521 /xolḗ), which Christ refused once He tasted it (Mt 27:34,48) – and the other wine mixed with myrrh" (G. Archer).
NAS Exhaustive ConcordanceWord Origin
sour wine (6).
Thayer's Greek LexiconSTRONGS NT 3690: ὄξος
ὄξος, ὀξεος (ὄξους), τό (ὀξύς), vinegar (Aeschylus, Hippocrates, Aristophanes, Xenophon, and following; for חֹמֶץ, Ruth 2:14; Numbers 6:3, etc.); used in the N. T. for Latinposca, i. e. the mixture of sour wine or vinegar and water which the Roman soldiers were accustomed to drink: Matthew 27:34 R L marginal reading, 48; Mark 15:36; Luke 23:36; John 19:29f.
Strong's Exhaustive Concordancevinegar.
From oxus; vinegar, i.e. Sour wine -- vinegar.
see GREEK oxus
Forms and Transliterationsόξει οξος όξος ὄξος οξους όξους ὄξους οξυγράφου οξύθυμος οξύναι οξύνει οξύνου ώξυνε oxos óxos oxous óxous
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Englishman's ConcordanceStrong's Greek 3690
ὄξος — 2 Occ.
ὄξους — 4 Occ.
Matthew 27:48 N-GNS
GRK: πλήσας τε ὄξους καὶ περιθεὶς
NAS: he filled it with sour wine and put
KJV: filled [it] with vinegar, and
INT: having filled [it] and with vinegar and having put [it] on