3148. mastix
Strong's Concordance
mastix: a whip, scourge
Original Word: μάστιξ, ιγος, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: mastix
Phonetic Spelling: (mas'-tix)
Short Definition: a scourge, lash, sufferings
Definition: (a) a scourge, lash, of leathern thongs with pieces of metal sewn up in them, (b) met: severe pains (sufferings), disease.
HELPS Word-studies

3148 mástiks – properly, a disease that (literally) carried a torturous level of pain (the root is, "a scourge/plague"). "The plague (mastigos) or scourge, was a whip used in flagellations, as on Paul, to find out his guilt (Ac 22:24, cf. Heb 11:26). It is an old word that was used for afflictions regarded as a scourge from God" (WP, 1 299).

When 3148 (mástiks) refers to a disease (Mk 3:10, 5:29,34; Lk 7:21), it emphasizes the oppressive pain (suffering) of this acute disorder – acting like a scourge ("plague") which is highly painful and debilitating.

When 3148 (mástiks) refers to literal whipping (Ac 23:24; Heb 11:36), it stresses its pain and debilitating after-effects.

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
of uncertain origin
Definition
a whip, scourge
NASB Translation
affliction (2), afflictions (2), scourging (1), scourgings (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 3148: μάστιξ

μάστιξ, μαστιχος, , a whip, scourge (for שׁוט, 1 Kings 12:11, 14; Proverbs 26:3): Acts 22:21; Hebrews 11:36; metaphorically, a scourge, plague, i. e. a calamity, misfortune, especially as sent by God to discipline or punish (Psalm 88:33 (); with Διός added, Homer, Iliad 12, 37; 13, 812; Θεοῦ, Aeschylus sept. 607): of distressing bodily diseases, Mark 3:10; Mark 5:29, 34; Luke 7:21; 2 Macc. 9:11.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
plague, scourging.

Probably from the base of massaomai (through the idea of contact); a whip (literally, the Roman flagellum for criminals; figuratively, a disease) -- plague, scourging.

see GREEK massaomai

Forms and Transliterations
μαστιγας μαστιγάς μάστιγας μάστιγες μάστιγι μαστιγος μάστιγος μάστιγός μαστιγων μαστίγων μάστιξ μάστιξι μαστιξιν μάστιξιν mastigas mástigas mastigon mastigōn mastígon mastígōn mastigos mástigos mástigós mastixin mástixin
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 3148
6 Occurrences


μάστιγας — 1 Occ.
μαστίγων — 2 Occ.
μάστιγος — 2 Occ.
μάστιξιν — 1 Occ.

Mark 3:10 N-AFP
GRK: ὅσοι εἶχον μάστιγας
NAS: had afflictions pressed around
KJV: as many as had plagues.
INT: as many as had diseases

Mark 5:29 N-GFS
GRK: ἀπὸ τῆς μάστιγος
NAS: that she was healed of her affliction.
KJV: she was healed of that plague.
INT: from the affliction

Mark 5:34 N-GFS
GRK: ἀπὸ τῆς μάστιγός σου
NAS: and be healed of your affliction.
KJV: of thy plague.
INT: from the affliction of you

Luke 7:21 N-GFP
GRK: νόσων καὶ μαστίγων καὶ πνευμάτων
NAS: [people] of diseases and afflictions and evil
KJV: and plagues, and
INT: diseases and afflictions and spirits

Acts 22:24 N-DFP
GRK: παρεμβολήν εἴπας μάστιξιν ἀνετάζεσθαι αὐτὸν
NAS: that he should be examined by scourging so
KJV: should be examined by scourging; that
INT: barracks having directed by flogging to be examined him

Hebrews 11:36 N-GFP
GRK: ἐμπαιγμῶν καὶ μαστίγων πεῖραν ἔλαβον
NAS: mockings and scourgings, yes,
KJV: and scourgings, yea,
INT: of mockings and of scourgings trial received

6 Occurrences

3147
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