Romans 3:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But if our unrighteousness serves to show the righteousness of God, what shall we say? That God is unrighteous to inflict wrath on us? (I speak in a human way.)

King James Bible
But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man)

American Standard Version
But if our righteousness commendeth the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who visiteth with wrath? (I speak after the manner of men.)

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if our injustice commend the justice of God, what shall we say? Is God unjust, who executeth wrath?

English Revised Version
But if our unrighteousness commendeth the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who visiteth with wrath? (I speak after the manner of men.)

Webster's Bible Translation
But if our unrighteousness commendeth the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man.)

Weymouth New Testament
But if our unrighteousness sets God's righteousness in a clearer light, what shall we say? (Is God unrighteous--I speak in our everyday language-- when He inflicts punishment?

Romans 3:5 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Commend (συνίστησιν)

Only twice outside of Paul's writings, Luke 9:32; 2 Peter 3:5, both in the physical sense. Lit., to place together. Hence of setting one person with another by way of introducing or presenting him, and hence to commend. Also to put together with a vein of showing, proving, or establishing. Expositors render here differently: commend, establish, prove. Commend is the prevailing sense in the New Testament, though in some instances the two ideas blend, as Romans 5:8; 2 Corinthians 7:11; Galatians 2:18. See Romans 16:1; 2 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 6:4; 2 Corinthians 10:18.

Who taketh vengeance (ὁ ἐπιφέρων τὴν ὀργήν)

Rev., much better, who visiteth with wrath. Lit., bringeth the anger to bear. The force of the article it is difficult to render. It may be the wrath, definitely conceived as judicial, or, more probably, as in Matthew 3:7, referring to something recognized - the wrath to come, the well-understood need of unrighteousness. See on Romans 12:19.

As a man (κατὰ ἄνθρωπον)

Rev., after the manner of men; i.e., I use a mode of speech drawn from human affairs. The phrase is thrown in apologetically, under a sense that the mode of speech is unworthy of the subject. Morison aptly paraphrases: "When I ask the question, 'Is God unjust who inflicteth wrath?' I am deeply conscious that I am using language which is intrinsically improper when applied to God. But in condescension to human weakness I transfer to Him language which it is customary for men to employ when referring to human relationships." Compare 1 Corinthians 9:8; Romans 6:19.

Romans 3:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But if.

Romans 3:7,25,26 For if the truth of God has more abounded through my lie to his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner...

Romans 8:20,21 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who has subjected the same in hope...

what shall.

Romans 4:1 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, has found?

Romans 6:1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?

Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. No, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust...

Romans 9:13,14 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated...

Is God.

Romans 2:5 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped...

Romans 9:18-20 Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens...

Romans 12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place to wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay...

Deuteronomy 32:39-43 See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound...

Psalm 58:10,11 The righteous shall rejoice when he sees the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked...

Psalm 94:1,2 O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, show yourself...

Nahum 1:2,6-8 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries...

2 Thessalonians 1:6-9 Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you...

Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are your works...

Revelation 16:5-7 And I heard the angel of the waters say, You are righteous, O Lord, which are, and were, and shall be, because you have judged thus...

Revelation 18:20 Rejoice over her, you heaven, and you holy apostles and prophets; for God has avenged you on her.

I speak.

Romans 6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh...

1 Corinthians 9:8 Say I these things as a man? or said not the law the same also?

Galatians 3:15 Brothers, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man cancels, or adds thereto.

Cross References
Genesis 18:25
Far be it from you to do such a thing, to put the righteous to death with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from you! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do what is just?"

Job 8:3
Does God pervert justice? Or does the Almighty pervert the right?

Romans 4:1
What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh?

Romans 5:8
but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.

Romans 6:1
What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound?

Romans 6:19
I am speaking in human terms, because of your natural limitations. For just as you once presented your members as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves to righteousness leading to sanctification.

Romans 7:7
What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, "You shall not covet."

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