Romans 12:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.

King James Bible
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

American Standard Version
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I BESEECH you therefore, brethren, by the mercy of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, pleasing unto God, your reasonable service.

English Revised Version
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service.

Webster's Bible Translation
I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service.

Weymouth New Testament
I plead with you therefore, brethren, by the compassionsof God, to present all your faculties to Him as a living and holy sacrifice acceptable to Him. This with you will be an act of reasonable worship.

Romans 12:1 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

I beseech (παρακαλῶ)

See on consolation, Luke 6:24.

By the mercies (διὰ τῶν οἰκτιρμῶν)

By, not as an adjuration, but as presenting the motive for obedience. I use the compassion of God to move you to present, etc.

Present

See on Romans 6:13. It is the technical term for presenting the Levitical victims and offerings. See Luke 2:22. In the Levitical sacrifices the offerer placed his offering so as to face the Most Holy Place, thus bringing it before the Lord.

Bodies

Literally, but regarded as the outward organ of the will. So, expressly, Romans 6:13, Romans 6:19; 2 Corinthians 5:10. Compare Romans 7:5, Romans 7:23. Hence the exhortation to glorify God in the body (1 Corinthians 6:20; compare Philippians 1:20; 2 Corinthians 4:10). So the body is called the body of sin (Romans 6:6; compare Colossians 2:11). In later Greek usage slaves were called σώματα bodies. See Revelation 18:13.

A living sacrifice (θυσίαν ζῶσαν)

Living, in contrast with the slain Levitical offerings. Compare Romans 6:8, Romans 6:11. "How can the body become a sacrifice? Let the eye look on no evil, and it is a sacrifice. Let the tongue utter nothing base, and it is an offering. Let the hand work no sin, and it is a holocaust. But more, this suffices not, but besides we must actively exert ourselves for good; the hand giving alms, the mouth blessing them that curse us, the ear ever at leisure for listening to God" (Chrysostom).

Acceptable (εὐάρεστον)

Lit., well-pleasing.

Which is your reasonable service (τὴν λογικὴν λατρείαν)

Explaining the whole previous clause. Service, see on Romans 9:4. The special word for the service rendered by the Israelites as the peculiar people of God is very significant here. Reasonable, not in the popular sense of the term, as a thing befitting or proper, but rational, as distinguished from merely external or material. Hence nearly equivalent to spiritual. So Rev., in margin. It is in harmony with the highest reason.

Romans 12:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

beseech.

Romans 15:30 Now I beseech you, brothers, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit...

1 Corinthians 1:10 Now I beseech you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing...

2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be you reconciled to God.

2 Corinthians 6:1 We then, as workers together with him, beseech you also that you receive not the grace of God in vain.

2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence am base among you...

Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that you walk worthy of the vocation with which you are called,

1 Thessalonians 4:1,10 Furthermore then we beseech you, brothers, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus...

1 Thessalonians 5:12 And we beseech you, brothers, to know them which labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you;

Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brothers, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter to you in few words.

by the.

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

Romans 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared to glory,

Romans 11:30,31 For as you in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief...

Psalm 116:12 What shall I render to the LORD for all his benefits toward me?

Luke 7:47 Why I say to you, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loves little.

2 Corinthians 4:1 Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not;

2 Corinthians 5:14,15 For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead...

Ephesians 2:4-10 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love with which he loved us...

Philippians 2:1-5 If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies...

Titus 3:4-8 But after that the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared...

1 Peter 2:10-12 Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy...

that ye.

Romans 6:13,16,19 Neither yield you your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin: but yield yourselves to God...

Psalm 50:13,14 Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats...

1 Corinthians 6:13-20 Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy both it and them. Now the body is not for fornication...

Philippians 1:20 According to my earnest expectation and my hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but that with all boldness, as always...

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience...

a living.

Psalm 69:30,31 I will praise the name of God with a song, and will magnify him with thanksgiving...

Hosea 14:2 Take with you words, and turn to the LORD: say to him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously...

1 Corinthians 5:7,8 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as you are unleavened...

2 Corinthians 4:16 For which cause we faint not; but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.

Philippians 2:17 Yes, and if I be offered on the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.

Hebrews 10:20-22 By a new and living way, which he has consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh...

Hebrews 13:15,16 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name...

1 Peter 2:5 You also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices...

acceptable.

Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be you transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good...

Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God...

Psalm 19:14 Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in your sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer.

Isaiah 56:7 Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer...

Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose comes there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings are not acceptable...

Ephesians 5:10 Proving what is acceptable to the Lord.

Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things which were sent from you, an odor of a sweet smell...

1 Timothy 2:3 For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior;

1 Timothy 5:4 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to show piety at home, and to requite their parents...

1 Peter 2:5,20 You also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 14:2
For you are a people holy to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Psalm 50:14
Offer to God a sacrifice of thanksgiving, and perform your vows to the Most High,

Romans 6:13
Do not present your members to sin as instruments for unrighteousness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life, and your members to God as instruments for righteousness.

Romans 6:16
Do you not know that if you present yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, which leads to righteousness?

Romans 15:16
to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.

1 Corinthians 1:10
I appeal to you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be united in the same mind and the same judgment.

1 Corinthians 6:20
for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.

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