Psalm 88:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Afflicted and close to death from my youth up, I suffer your terrors; I am helpless.

King James Bible
I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.

American Standard Version
I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: While I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I am poor, and in labours from my youth: and being exalted have been humbled and troubled.

English Revised Version
I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.

Webster's Bible Translation
I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.

Psalm 88:15 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The octastichs are now followed by hexastichs which belong together in pairs. The complaint concerning the alienation of his nearest relations sounds like Job 19:13., but the same strain is also frequently heard in the earlier Psalms written in times of suffering, e.g., Psalm 31:9. He is forsaken by all his familiar friends (not: acquaintances, for מידּע signifies more than that), he is alone in the dungeon of wretchedness, where no one comes near him, and whence he cannot make his escape. This sounds, according to Leviticus 13, very much like the complaint of a leper. The Book of Leviticus there passes over from the uncleanness attending the beginning of human life to the uncleanness of the most terrible disease. Disease is the middle stage between birth and death, and, according to the Eastern notion, leprosy is the worst of all diseases, it is death itself clinging to the still living man (Numbers 12:12), and more than all other evils a stroke of the chastening hand of God (נגע), a scourge of God (צרעת). The man suspected of having leprosy was to be subjected to a seven days' quarantine until the determination of the priest's diagnosis; and if the leprosy was confirmed, he was to dwell apart outside the camp (Leviticus 13:46), where, though not imprisoned, he was nevertheless separated from his dwelling and his family (cf. Job, at Job 19:19), and if a man of position, would feel himself condemned to a state of involuntary retirement. It is natural to refer the כּלא, which is closely connected with שׁתּני, to this separation. עיני, Psalm 88:10, instead of עיני, as in Psalm 6:8; Psalm 31:10 : his eye has languished, vanished away (דּאב of the same root as tābescere, cognate with the root of דּונג, Psalm 68:3), in consequence of (his) affliction. He calls and calls upon Jahve, stretches out (שׁטּח, expandere, according to the Arabic, more especially after the manner of a roof) his hands (palmas) towards Him, in order to shield himself from His wrath and to lead Him compassionately to give ear to him. In Psalm 88:11-13 he bases his cry for help upon a twofold wish, viz., to become an object of the miraculous help of God, and to be able to praise Him for it. Neither of these wishes would be realized if he were to die; for that which lies beyond this life is uniform darkness, devoid of any progressive history. With מתים alternates רפאים (sing. רפא), the relaxed ones, i.e., shades (σκιαὶ) of the nether world. With reference to יודוּ instead of להודות, vid., Ewald, 337, b. Beside חשׁך (Job 10:21.) stands ארץ נשׁיּה, the land of forgetfulness (λήθη), where there is an end of all thinking, feeling, and acting (Ecclesiastes 9:5-6, Ecclesiastes 9:10), and where the monotony of death, devoid of thought and recollection, reigns. Such is the representation given in the Old Testament of the state beyond the present, even in Ecclesiastes, and in the Apocrypha (Sir. 17:27f. after Isaiah 38:18.; Baruch 2:17f.); and it was obliged to be thus represented, for in the New Testament not merely the conception of the state after death, but this state itself, is become a different one.

Psalm 88:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

afflicted

Psalm 73:14 For all the day long have I been plagued, and chastened every morning.

Job 17:1,11-16 My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct, the graves are ready for me...

Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him...

while

Psalm 22:14,15 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the middle of my bowels...

Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinks up my spirit...

Job 7:11-16 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul...

Isaiah 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed...

Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, said the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd...

Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

Cross References
Job 6:4
For the arrows of the Almighty are in me; my spirit drinks their poison; the terrors of God are arrayed against me.

Job 31:23
For I was in terror of calamity from God, and I could not have faced his majesty.

Psalm 129:1
A Song of Ascents. "Greatly have they afflicted me from my youth"-- let Israel now say--

Proverbs 24:11
Rescue those who are being taken away to death; hold back those who are stumbling to the slaughter.

Isaiah 28:19
As often as it passes through it will take you; for morning by morning it will pass through, by day and by night; and it will be sheer terror to understand the message.

Jeremiah 17:17
Be not a terror to me; you are my refuge in the day of disaster.

Lamentations 3:1
I am the man who has seen affliction under the rod of his wrath;

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ESV Text Edition 2011: The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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