Psalm 53:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, doing abominable iniquity; there is none who does good.

King James Bible
To the chief Musician upon Mahalath, Maschil, A Psalm of David. The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that doeth good.

American Standard Version
The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity; There is none that doeth good.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto the end, for Maeleth, understandings to David. The fool said in his hear t: There is no God. They are corrupted, and become abominable in iniquities: there is none that doth good.

English Revised Version
For the Chief Musician; set to Mahalath. Maschil of David. The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. Corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquity; there is none that doeth good.

Webster's Bible Translation
To the chief Musician upon Mahalath, Maschil, A Psalm of David. The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, and have done abominable iniquity: there is none that doeth good.

Psalm 53:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

It is bad enough to behave wickedly, but bad in the extreme to boast of it at the same time as an heroic act. Doeg, who causes a massacre, not, however, by the strength of his hand, but by the cunning of his tongue, does this. Hence he is sarcastically called גּבּור (cf. Isaiah 5:22). David's cause, however, is not therefore lost; for it is the cause of God, whose loving-kindness endures continually, without allowing itself to be affected, like the favour of men, by calumny. Concerning הוּות vid., on Psalm 5:10. לשׁון is as usual treated as fem; עשׂה רמיּה (according to the Masora with Tsere) is consequently addressed to a person. In Psalm 52:5 רע after אהבתּ has the Dagesh that is usual also in other instances according to the rule of the אתי מרחיק, especially in connection with the letters כפתבגד (with which Resh is associated in the Book of Jezira, Michlol 96b, cf. 63b).

(Note: אתי מרחיק is the name by which the national grammarians designate a group of two words, of which the first, ending with Kametz or Segol, has the accent on the penult., and of which the second is a monosyllable, or likewise is accented on the penult. The initial consonant of the second word in this case receives a Dagesh, in order that it may not, in consequence of the first ictus of the group of words "coming out of the distance," i.e., being far removed, be too feebly and indistinctly uttered. This dageshing, however, only takes place when the first word is already of itself Milel, or at least, as e.g., מצאה בּית, had a half-accented penult., and not when it is from the very first Milra and is only become Milel by means of the retreating of the accent, as עשׂה פלא, Psalm 78:12, cf. Deuteronomy 24:1. The penultima-accent has a greater lengthening force in the former case than in the latter; the following syllables are therefore uttered more rapidly in the first case, and the Dagesh is intended to guard against the third syllable being too hastily combined with the second. Concerning the rule, vid., Baer's Thorath Emeth, p. 29f.)

The מן or מטּוב and מדּבּר is not meant to affirm that he loves good, etc., less than evil, etc., but that he does not love it at all (cf. Psalm 118:8., Habakkuk 2:16). The music which comes in after Psalm 52:5 has to continue the accusations con amarezza without words. Then in Psalm 52:6 the singing again takes them up, by addressing the adversary with the words "thou tongue of deceit" (cf. Psalm 120:3), and by reproaching him with loving only such utterances as swallow up, i.e., destroy without leaving a trace behind (בּלע, pausal form of בלע, like בּצע in Psalm 119:36, cf. the verb in Psalm 35:25, 2 Samuel 17:16; 2 Samuel 20:19.), his neighbour's life and honour and goods. Hupfeld takes Psalm 52:6 as a second object; but the figurative and weaker expression would then follow the unfigurative and stronger one, and "to love a deceitful tongue" might be said with reference to this character of tongue as belonging to another person, not with reference to his own.

Psalm 53:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M. cir

3464 B.C. cir

540 (Title.) Mahalath

Psalm 88:1 O lord God of my salvation, I have cried day and night before you:

fool

Psalm 14:1 The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that does good.

Psalm 92:6 A brutish man knows not; neither does a fool understand this.

Matthew 5:22 But I say to you, That whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment...

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required of you: then whose shall those things be...

said

Psalm 10:4,6,11,13 The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: God is not in all his thoughts...

1 Kings 12:26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David:

Romans 1:21,28 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations...

Corrupt

Genesis 6:5,6,11-13 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth...

Job 14:4 Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one.

Job 15:16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinks iniquity like water?

have done

Leviticus 18:24-30 Defile not you yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the nations are defiled which I cast out before you...

Deuteronomy 12:31 You shall not do so to the LORD your God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hates, have they done to their gods...

1 Kings 14:24 And there were also sodomites in the land...

Ezekiel 16:47,51 Yet have you not walked after their ways, nor done after their abominations: but, as if that were a very little thing...

Ephesians 5:12 For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret.

1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts...

there is

Romans 3:10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

Cross References
Romans 3:10
as it is written: "None is righteous, no, not one;

Psalm 10:4
In the pride of his face the wicked does not seek him; all his thoughts are, "There is no God."

Psalm 14:1
The fool says in his heart, "There is no God." They are corrupt, they do abominable deeds; there is none who does good.

Psalm 74:18
Remember this, O LORD, how the enemy scoffs, and a foolish people reviles your name.

Psalm 74:22
Arise, O God, defend your cause; remember how the foolish scoff at you all the day!

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