Proverbs 3:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Let not steadfast love and faithfulness forsake you; bind them around your neck; write them on the tablet of your heart.

King James Bible
Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart:

American Standard Version
Let not kindness and truth forsake thee: Bind them about thy neck; Write them upon the tablet of thy heart:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let not mercy and truth leave thee, put them about thy neck, and write them in the tables of thy heart:

English Revised Version
Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart:

Webster's Bible Translation
Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thy heart:

Proverbs 3:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 Who forsakes the companion of her youth,

     And forgets the covenant of her God;

18 For she sinks down to death together with her house,

     And to the shadow of Hades her paths -

19 All they who go to her return not again,

     And reach not the paths of life

אלּוּף, as here used, has nothing to do with the phylarch-name, similar in sound, which is a denom. of אלף; but it comes immediately from אלף, to accustom oneself to a person or cause, to be familiar therewith (while the Aram. אלף, ילף, to learn, Pa. to teach), and thus means, as the synon. of רע, the companion or familiar associate (vid., Schultens). Parallels such as Jeremiah 3:4 suggested to the old interpreters the allegorical explanation of the adulteress as the personification of the apostasy or of heresy. Proverbs 2:18 the lxx translate: ἔθετο γὰρ παρὰ τῷ θανάτῳ τὸν οἶκον αὐτῆς: she (the dissolute wife) has placed her house beside death (the abyss of death). This שׁחה [ἔθετο] is perhaps the original, for the text as it lies before us is doubtful, though, rightly understood, admissible. The accentuation marks בּיתהּ as the subject, but בּית is elsewhere always masc., and does not, like the rarer ארח, Proverbs 2:15, admit in usage a double gender; also, if the fem. usage were here introduced (Bertheau, Hitzig), then the predicate, even though ביתה were regarded as fem., might be, in conformity with rule, שׁח, as e.g., Isaiah 2:17. שׁחה is, as in Psalm 44:26, 3rd pr. of שׁוּח, Arab. sâkh, to go down, to sink; the emendation שׁחה (Joseph Kimchi) does not recommend itself on this account, that שׁחה and שׁחח mean, according to usage, to stoop or to bend down; and to interpret (Ralbag, השׁפילה) שׁחה transitively is inadmissible. For that reason Aben Ezra interprets ביתה as in apposition: to death, to its house; but then the poet in that case should say אל־שׁאול, for death is not a house. On the other hand, we cannot perceive in ביתה an accus. of the nearer definition (J. H. Michaelis, Fl.); the expression would here, as 15a, be refined without purpose. Bttcher has recognised ביתה as permutative, the personal subject: for she sinks down to death, her house, i.e., she herself, together with all that belongs to her; cf. the permutative of the subject, Job 29:3; Isaiah 29:23 (vid., comm. l.c.), and the more particularly statement of the object, Exodus 2:6, etc. Regarding רפאים, shadows of the under-world (from רפה, synon. חלה, weakened, or to become powerless), a word common to the Solomonic writings, vid., Comment. on Isaiah, p. 206. What Proverbs 2:18 says of the person of the adulteress, Proverbs 2:19 says of those who live with her ביתה, her house-companions. בּאיה, "those entering in to her," is equivalent to בּאים אליה; the participle of verbs eundi et veniendi takes the accusative object of the finite as gen. in st. constr., as e.g., Proverbs 1:12; Proverbs 2:7; Genesis 23:18; Genesis 9:10 (cf. Jeremiah 10:20). The ישׁוּבוּן, with the tone on the ult., is a protestation: there is no return for those who practise fornication,

(Note: One is here reminded of the expression in the Aeneid, vi. 127-129:

Revocare gradum superasque evadere ad auras,

Hoc opes, hoc labor est.

See also an impure but dreadful Talmudic story about a dissolute Rabbi, b. Aboda zara, 17a.)

and they do not reach the paths of life from which they have so widely strayed.

(Note: In correct texts ולא־ישיגו has the Makkeph. Vid., Torath Emeth, p. 41; Accentuationssystem, xx. 2.)

Proverbs 3:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

mercy

Proverbs 16:6 By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD men depart from evil.

Proverbs 20:28 Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upheld by mercy.

2 Samuel 15:20 Whereas you came but yesterday, should I this day make you go up and down with us? seeing I go where I may, return you...

Psalm 25:10 All the paths of the LORD are mercy and truth to such as keep his covenant and his testimonies.

Hosea 4:1 Hear the word of the LORD, you children of Israel: for the LORD has a controversy with the inhabitants of the land...

Micah 7:18-20 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage...

Malachi 2:6 The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips: he walked with me in peace and equity...

Matthew 23:23 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin...

Ephesians 5:1,2,9 Be you therefore followers of God, as dear children...

bind

Proverbs 6:21 Bind them continually on your heart, and tie them about your neck.

Proverbs 7:3 Bind them on your fingers, write them on the table of your heart.

Exodus 13:9 And it shall be for a sign to you on your hand, and for a memorial between your eyes, that the LORD's law may be in your mouth...

Deuteronomy 6:8 And you shall bind them for a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.

Deuteronomy 11:18-21 Therefore shall you lay up these my words in your heart and in your soul, and bind them for a sign on your hand...

Psalm 119:11 Your word have I hid in my heart, that I might not sin against you.

write

Jeremiah 17:1 The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, and with the point of a diamond: it is graven on the table of their heart...

2 Corinthians 3:3 For as much as you are manifestly declared to be the letter of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink...

Hebrews 10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, said the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts...

Cross References
2 Corinthians 3:3
And you show that you are a letter from Christ delivered by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.

Deuteronomy 6:8
You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.

Deuteronomy 11:18
"You shall therefore lay up these words of mine in your heart and in your soul, and you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.

2 Samuel 15:20
You came only yesterday, and shall I today make you wander about with us, since I go I know not where? Go back and take your brothers with you, and may the LORD show steadfast love and faithfulness to you."

Psalm 85:10
Steadfast love and faithfulness meet; righteousness and peace kiss each other.

Proverbs 1:9
for they are a graceful garland for your head and pendants for your neck.

Proverbs 6:21
Bind them on your heart always; tie them around your neck.

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