Proverbs 12:24
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The hand of the diligent will rule, while the slothful will be put to forced labor.

King James Bible
The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the slothful shall be under tribute.

American Standard Version
The hand of the diligent shall bear rule; But the slothful shall be put under taskwork.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The hand of the valiant shall bear rule: but that which is slothful, shall be under tribute.

English Revised Version
The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the slothful shall be put under taskwork.

Webster's Bible Translation
The hand of the diligent shall bear rule: but the slothful shall be under tribute.

Proverbs 12:24 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

18 There is that babbleth like the thrusts of a sword,

     But the tongue of the wise is healing.

The second (cf. Proverbs 11:24) of the proverbs beginning with ישׁ. The verb בּטה (בּטא), peculiar to the Hebr., which in the modern Hebr. generally means "to speak out" (מבטא in the grammar: the pronunciation) (according to which the lxx, Syr., and Targ. translate it by אמר), means in biblical Hebr., especially with reference to the binding of oneself by an oath (Leviticus 5:4), and to solemn protestations (Numbers 30:7, Numbers 30:9, according to which Jerome, promittit): to utter incautiously in words, to speak without thought and at random, referred erroneously by Gesenius to the R. בט, to be hollow, probably a word imitative of the sound, like the Greek βατταρίζειν, to stammer, and βαττολογεῖν, to babble, which the lexicographers refer to a talkative person of the name of Βάττος, as our "salbadern" [ equals to talk foolishly] owes its origin to one Jenaer Bader on the Saal. Theod. and the Graec. Venet. give the false reading בּוטח (πεποιθώς). כּמדקרות חרב stands loco accusativi, the כּ being regarded as a noun: (effutiens verba) quae sunt instar confossionum gladii (Fl.). We also call such a man, who bridles his loquacity neither by reflection nor moderates it by indulgent reference to his fellow-men, a Schwertmaul (sword-mouth) or a Schandmaul (a mouth of shame equals slanderer), and say that he has a tongue like a sword. But on the other hand, the tongue of the wise, which is in itself pure gentleness and a comfort to others, since, far from wounding, rather, by means of comforting, supporting, directing exhortation, exercises a soothing an calming influence. Regarding רפא, whence מרפּא, Dietrich in Gesenius' Lex. is right. The root-meaning of the verb רפא (cognate רפה, to be loose, Hiph. to let go, Hithpa. Proverbs 18:9, to show oneself slothful) is, as the Arab. kindred word rafâ, rafa, raf, rawf (râf) shows, that of stilling, softening, soothing, whence arises the meaning of healing (for which the Arab. has ṭabb and 'alkh); the meaning to repair, to mend, which the Arab. rafâ and rafa have, does not stand in a prior relation to to heal, as might appear from Job 13:4, but is a specializing of the general idea of reficere lying in mitigare, just as the patcher is called ἀκέστρια equals ἠπήτρια,

(Note: Whether ῥάπτειν, explained neither by Curtius nor by Flick, stands in a relation to it, we leave out of view.)

from ἀκέομαι, which means equally to still and to heal. Since thus in רפא the meanings of mitigating and of healing are involved, it is plain that מרפא, as it means healing (the remedy) and at the same time (cf. θεραπεία, Revelation 22:2) the preservation of health, Proverbs 4:22; Proverbs 6:15; Proverbs 16:24; Proverbs 29:1, so also may mean mildness (here and Proverbs 15:4), tranquillity (Proverbs 14:30; Ecclesiastes 10:4, calm patience in contrast to violent passion), and refreshing (Proverbs 13:17). Oetinger and Hitzig translate here "medicine;" our translation, "healing (the means of healing)," is not essentially different from it.

Proverbs 12:24 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hand

Proverbs 10:4 He becomes poor that deals with a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent makes rich.

Proverbs 13:4 The soul of the sluggard desires, and has nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat.

Proverbs 17:2 A wise servant shall have rule over a son that causes shame, and shall have part of the inheritance among the brothers.

Proverbs 22:29 See you a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men.

1 Kings 11:28 And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valor: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious...

1 Kings 12:20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him to the congregation...

but

Proverbs 12:27 The slothful man roasts not that which he took in hunting: but the substance of a diligent man is precious.

Proverbs 19:15 Slothfulness casts into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.

Proverbs 21:25,26 The desire of the slothful kills him; for his hands refuse to labor...

Proverbs 22:13 The slothful man said, There is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.

Proverbs 24:30-34 I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding...

Proverbs 26:13-16 The slothful man said, There is a lion in the way; a lion is in the streets...

slothful or deceitful

Cross References
Genesis 49:15
He saw that a resting place was good, and that the land was pleasant, so he bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant at forced labor.

Judges 1:28
When Israel grew strong, they put the Canaanites to forced labor, but did not drive them out completely.

1 Kings 9:21
their descendants who were left after them in the land, whom the people of Israel were unable to devote to destruction--these Solomon drafted to be slaves, and so they are to this day.

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