Mark 3:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
James the son of Zebedee and John the brother of James (to whom he gave the name Boanerges, that is, Sons of Thunder);

King James Bible
And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder:

American Standard Version
and James the'son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and them he surnamed Boanerges, which is, Sons of thunder:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he named them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder:

English Revised Version
and James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and them he surnamed Boanerges, which is, Sons of thunder:

Webster's Bible Translation
And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James, (and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, Sons of thunder,)

Weymouth New Testament
James the son of Zabdi and John the brother of James (these two He surnamed Boanerges, that is 'Sons of Thunder')

Mark 3:17 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Although Mark mentions that the apostles were sent: out in pairs (Mark 6:7), he does not classify them here in pairs. But he alone throws Peter and James and John, the three who shared the Lord's particular intimacy, into one group. Matthew and Luke both introduce Andrew between Peter and James.

He surnamed them Boanerges (ἐπέθηκεν αὐτοῖς ὄνομα Βοανηργές)

Lit., he put upon them the name. Some uncertainty attaches to both the origin and the application of the name. Most of the best texts read ὀνόματα, names, instead of name. This would indicate that each of the two was surnamed a "son of thunder." Some, however, have claimed that it was a dual name given to them as a pair, as the name Dioscuri was given to Castor and Pollux. The reason of its bestowal we do not know. It seems to have been intended as a title of honor, though not perpetuated like the surname Peter, this being the only instance of its occurrence; possibly because the inconvenience of a common surname, which would not have sufficiently designated which of them was intended, may have hindered it from ever growing into an appellation. It is justified by the impetuosity and zeal which characterized both the brothers, which prompted them to suggest the calling of fire from heaven to consume the inhospitable Samaritan village (Luke 9:54); which marked James as the victim of an early martyrdom (Acts 12:2); and which sounds in the thunders of John's Apocalypse. The Greek Church calls John Βροντόφωνος, the thunder-voiced. The phrase, sons of, is a familiar Hebrew idiom, in which the distinguishing characteristic of the individual or thing named is regarded as his parent. Thus sparks are sons of fire (Job 5:7); threshed corn is son of the floor (Isaiah 21:10). Compare son of perdition (John 17:12); sons of disobedience (Ephesians 2:2; Ephesians 5:6).

Mark 3:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

James.

Mark 1:19,20 And when he had gone a little farther there, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother...

Mark 5:37 And he suffered no man to follow him, save Peter, and James, and John the brother of James.

Mark 9:2 And after six days Jesus takes with him Peter, and James, and John, and leads them up into an high mountain apart by themselves...

Mark 10:35 And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, come to him, saying, Master, we would that you should do for us whatever we shall desire.

Mark 14:33 And he takes with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;

John 21:2,20-25 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee...

Acts 12:1 Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the church.

he surnamed.

Isaiah 58:1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up your voice like a trumpet, and show my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.

Jeremiah 23:29 Is not my word like as a fire? said the LORD; and like a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces?

Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two edged sword...

Revelation 10:11 And he said to me, You must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.

Cross References
Matthew 4:21
And going on from there he saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he called them.

Mark 3:16
He appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter);

Mark 3:18
Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Zealot,

Luke 9:54
And when his disciples James and John saw it, they said, "Lord, do you want us to tell fire to come down from heaven and consume them?"

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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