English Standard Version
What is man, that you make so much of him, and that you set your heart on him,
King James Bible
What is man, that thou shouldest magnify him? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him?
American Standard Version
What is man, that thou shouldest magnify him, And that thou shouldest set thy mind upon him,
What is a man that thou shouldst magnify him? or why dost thou set thy heart upon him?
English Revised Version
What is man, that thou shouldest magnify him, and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him,
Webster's Bible Translation
What is man, that thou shouldst magnify him? and that thou shouldst set thy heart upon him?
Job 7:17 Parallel
CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
7 Remember that my life is a breath,
That my eye will never again look on prosperity.
8 The eye that looketh upon me seeth me no more;
Thine eyes look for me, - I am no more!
9 The clouds are vanished and passed away,
So he that goeth down to Shel cometh not up.
10 He returneth no more to his house,
And his place knoweth him no more.
11 Therefore I will not curb my mouth;
I will speak in the anguish of my spirit;
I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
We see good, i.e., prosperity and joy, only in the present life. It ends with death. שׁוּב with ל infin. is a synonym of הוסיף, Job 20:9. No eye (עין femin.) which now sees me (prop. eye of my seer, as Genesis 16:13, comp. Job 20:7; Psalm 31:12, for ראני, Isaiah 29:15, or ראני, Isaiah 47:10; according to another reading, ראי: no eye of seeing, i.e., no eye with the power of seeing, from ראי, vision) sees me again, even if thy eyes should be directed towards me to help me; my life is gone, so that I can no more be the subject of help. For from Shel there is no return, no resurrection (comp. Psalm 103:16 for the expression); therefore will I at least give free course to my thoughts and feelings (comp. Psalm 77:4; Isaiah 38:15, for the expression). The גּם, Job 7:11, is the so-called גם talionis; the parallels cited by Michalis are to the point, Ezekiel 16:43; Malachi 2:9; Psalm 52:7. Here we first meet with the name of the lower world; and in the book of Job we learn the ancient Israelitish conception of it more exactly than anywhere else. We have here only to do with the name in connection with the grammatical exposition. שׁאול (usually gen. fem.) is now almost universally derived from שׁאל equals שׁעל, to be hollow, to be deepened; and aptly so, for they imagined the Sheôl as under ground, as Numbers 16:30, Numbers 16:33 alone shows, on which account even here, as from Genesis 37:35 onwards, שׁאולה ירד is everywhere used. It is, however, open to question whether this derivation is correct: at least passages like Isaiah 5:14; Habakkuk 2:5; Proverbs 30:15., show that in the later usage of the language, שׁאל, to demand, was thought of in connection with it; derived from which Sheôl signifies (1) the appointed inevitable and inexorable demanding of everything earthly (an infinitive noun like אלוהּ, פּקוד); (2) conceived of as space, the place of shadowy duration whither everything on earth is demanded; (3) conceived of according to its nature, the divinely appointed fury which gathers in and engulfs everything on the earth. Job knows nothing of a demanding back, a redemption from Sheôl.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
What is man.
It has been testified somewhere, "What is man, that you are mindful of him, or the son of man, that you care for him?
"Can a man be profitable to God? Surely he who is wise is profitable to himself.
how much less man, who is a maggot, and the son of man, who is a worm!"
what is man that you are mindful of him, and the son of man that you care for him?
O LORD, what is man that you regard him, or the son of man that you think of him?
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