Isaiah 50:6
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I gave my back to those who strike, and my cheeks to those who pull out the beard; I hid not my face from disgrace and spitting.

King James Bible
I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

American Standard Version
I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair; I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I have given my body to the strikers, and my cheeks to them that plucked them: I have not turned away my face from them that rebuked me, and spit upon me.

English Revised Version
I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Webster's Bible Translation
I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Isaiah 50:6 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There follows now a sceptical question prompted by weakness of faith; and the divine reply. The question, Isaiah 49:24 : "Can the booty indeed be wrested from a giant, or will the captive host of the righteous escape?" The question is logically one, and only divided rhetorically into two (Ges. 153, 2). The giant, or gigantically strong one, is the Chaldean. Knobel, in opposition to Hitzig, who supposes the Persian to be referred to, points very properly to Isaiah 51:12-13, and Isaiah 52:5. He is mistaken, however, in thinking that we must read עריץ שׁבי in Isaiah 49:24, as Ewald does after the Syriac and Jerome, on account of the parallelism. The exiles are called shebhı̄ tsaddı̄q, not, however, as captives wrested from the righteous (the congregation of the righteous), as Meier thinks, taking tsaddı̄q as the gen. obj.; still less as captives carried off by the righteous one, i.e., the Chaldean, for the Chaldean, even regarded as the accomplisher of the righteous judgment of God, is not tsaddı̄q, but "wicked" (Habakkuk 1:13); but merely as a host of captives consisting of righteous men (Hitzig). The divine answer, Isaiah 49:25, Isaiah 49:26 : "Yea, thus saith Jehovah, Even the captive hosts of a giant are wrested from him, and the booty of a tyrant escapes: and I will make war upon him that warreth with thee, and I will bring salvation to thy children. And I feed them that pain thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as if with new wine; and all flesh sees that I Jehovah am thy Saviour, and that thy Redeemer is the Mighty One of Jacob." We might take the kı̄ in Isaiah 49:25 as a simple affirmative, but it is really to be taken as preceded by a tacit intermediate thought. Rosenmller's explanation is the correct one: "that which is hardly credible shall take place, for thus hath Jehovah said." He has also given the true interpretation of gam: "although this really seems incredible, yet I will give it effect." Ewald, on the contrary, has quite missed the sense of Isaiah 49:24, Isaiah 49:25, which he gives as follows: "The booty in men which a hero has taken in war, may indeed be taken from him again; but Jehovah will never let the booty that He takes from the Chaldean (viz., Israel) be wrested from Him again." This is inadmissible, for the simple reason that it presupposes the emendation עריץ שׁבי עריץ noita; and this 'ârı̄ts is quite unsuitable, partly because it would be Jehovah to whom the case supposed referred, and still more, because the correspondence in character between Isaiah 49:24 and Isaiah 49:14 is thereby destroyed. The gibbōr and 'ârı̄ts is called יריבך in Isaiah 49:25, with direct reference to Zion. This is a noun formed from the future, like Jareb in Hosea 5:13 and Hosea 10:6 - a name chosen as the distinctive epithet of the Asiatic emperor (probably a name signifying "king Fighting-cock"). The self-laceration threatened against the Chaldean empire recals to mind Isaiah 9:19-20, and Zechariah 11:9, and has as revolting a sound as Numbers 23:24 and Zechariah 9:15 -passages which Daumer and Ghillany understand in the cannibal sense which they appear to have, whereas what they understand literally is merely a hyperbolical figure. Moreover, it must not be forgotten that the Old Testament church was a nation, and that the spirit of revelation in the Old Testament assumed the national form, which it afterwards shattered to pieces. Knobel points to the revolt of the Hyrcanians and several satraps, who fought on the side of Cyrus against their former rulers (Cyrop. iv 2, 6, v. 1-3). All this will be subservient to that salvation and redemption, which form the historical aim of Jehovah and the irresistible work of the Mighty One of Jacob. The name of God which we meet with here, viz., the Mighty One of Jacob, only occurs again in Isaiah 1:24, and shows who is the author of the prophecy which is concluded here. The first half set forth, in the servant of Jehovah, the mediator of Israel's restoration and of the conversion of the heathen, and closed with an appeal to the heaven and the earth to rejoice with the ransomed church. The second half (Isaiah 49:14-26) rebukes the despondency of Zion, which fancies itself forgotten of Jehovah, by pointing to Jehovah's more than maternal love, and the superabundant blessing to be expected from Him. It also rebukes the doubts of Zion as to the possibility of such a redemption, by pointing to the faithfulness and omnipotence of the God of Israel, who will cause the exiles to be wrested from the Chaldean, and their tormentors to devour one another. The following chapter commences a fresh train of ideas.

Isaiah 50:6 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gave

Lamentations 3:30 He gives his cheek to him that smites him: he is filled full with reproach.

Micah 5:1 Now gather yourself in troops, O daughter of troops: he has laid siege against us...

Matthew 5:39 But I say to you, That you resist not evil: but whoever shall smite you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

Matthew 27:26 Then released he Barabbas to them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

Mark 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say to him, Prophesy...

Mark 15:19 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit on him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

Luke 22:63 And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him.

John 8:11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said to her, Neither do I condemn you: go, and sin no more.

Hebrews 12:1 Why seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight...

my cheeks. The eastern people always held the beard in great veneration; and to pluck a man's beard is one of the grossest indignities that can be offered. D'Arvieux gives a remarkable instance of an Arab, who, having received a wound in his jaw, chose to hazard his life rather than suffer the surgeon to cut off his beard.

2 Samuel 10:4 Why Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle...

that plucked

Nehemiah 13:25 And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, saying...

I hid. Another instance of the utmost contempt and destation. Throughout the East it is highly offensive to spit in any one's presence; and if this is such an indignity, how much more spitting in the face?

Cross References
Matthew 26:67
Then they spit in his face and struck him. And some slapped him,

Matthew 27:30
And they spit on him and took the reed and struck him on the head.

Mark 14:65
And some began to spit on him and to cover his face and to strike him, saying to him, "Prophesy!" And the guards received him with blows.

Mark 15:19
And they were striking his head with a reed and spitting on him and kneeling down in homage to him.

Luke 22:63
Now the men who were holding Jesus in custody were mocking him as they beat him.

Numbers 12:14
But the LORD said to Moses, "If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be shamed seven days? Let her be shut outside the camp seven days, and after that she may be brought in again."

Job 16:10
Men have gaped at me with their mouth; they have struck me insolently on the cheek; they mass themselves together against me.

Jump to Previous
Beard Beat Blows Cheeks Cover Covered Face Hair Hid Hide Humiliation Offered Offering Pluck Plucked Plucking Pulled Pulling Shame Smiters Smiting Spitting Strike
Jump to Next
Beard Beat Blows Cheeks Cover Covered Face Hair Hid Hide Humiliation Offered Offering Pluck Plucked Plucking Pulled Pulling Shame Smiters Smiting Spitting Strike
Links
Isaiah 50:6 NIV
Isaiah 50:6 NLT
Isaiah 50:6 ESV
Isaiah 50:6 NASB
Isaiah 50:6 KJV

Isaiah 50:6 Bible Apps
Isaiah 50:6 Biblia Paralela
Isaiah 50:6 Chinese Bible
Isaiah 50:6 French Bible
Isaiah 50:6 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Isaiah 50:5
Top of Page
Top of Page