Hebrews 6:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once been enlightened, who have tasted the heavenly gift, and have shared in the Holy Spirit,

King James Bible
For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,

American Standard Version
For as touching those who were once enlightened and tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Spirit,

Douay-Rheims Bible
For it is impossible for those who were once illuminated, have tasted also the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,

English Revised Version
For as touching those who were once enlightened and tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,

Webster's Bible Translation
For it is impossible for those who have been once enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit.

Weymouth New Testament
For it is impossible, in the case of those who have once for all been enlightened, and have tasted the sweetness of the heavenly gift, and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit,

Hebrews 6:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Impossible (ἀδύνατον)

It is impossible to dilute this word into difficult.

Those who were once enlightened (τοὺς ἅπαξ φωτισθέντας)

Rend. "once for all enlightened." Ἅπαξ is frequent in the Epistle. Comp. Hebrews 9:7, Hebrews 9:26, Hebrews 9:27, Hebrews 9:28; Hebrews 10:2; Hebrews 12:26, Hebrews 12:27. Indicating that the enlightenment ought to have sufficed to prevent them from falling away; not that it does not admit of repetition. Enlightened, through the revelation of God in Christ, the true light, and through the power of the Spirit. Φωτίζειν in lxx usually to teach or instruct; see Psalm 119:130; 2 Kings 12:2; 2 Kings 17:27. Comp. in N.T. John 1:9; Ephesians 1:18; Ephesians 3:9; Hebrews 10:32. Erasmus gives the correct explanation: "Who once for all have left the darkness of their former life, having been enlightened by the gospel teaching." There is no ground for explaining the word here of baptism, although the fathers from the time of Justin Martyr used φωτίζειν and φωτοσμός in that sense, and this usage continued down to the Reformation. See Just. Mart. Apol. i. 62. Chrysostom entitled his 59th Homily, addressed to candidates for baptism, πρὸς τοὺς μέλλοντας φωτίζεσθαι to those who are about to be enlightened; and justified this name for baptism by this passage and Hebrews 10:32. The Peshitto translates this passage, "who have once (for all) descended to baptism." The N.T. gives no example of this usage.

Tasted of the heavenly gift (γευσαμένους τῆς δωρεᾶς τῆς ἐπουρανίου)

For γευσαμένους tasted, comp. Hebrews 2:9. The meaning is, have consciously partaken of. Comp. 1 Peter 2:3, and τρώγων eateth, John 6:56. The heavenly gift is the Holy Spirit. It is true that this is distinctly specified in the next clause, but the two clauses belong together.

Partakers of the Holy Ghost (μετόχους πνεύματος ἁγίου)

"Heavenly gift" emphasizes the heavenly quality of the gift. The Holy Ghost is the gift itself which possesses the heavenly quality.

Hebrews 6:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

it is.

Hebrews 10:26-29 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more sacrifice for sins...

Hebrews 12:15-17 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you...

Matthew 5:13 You are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his flavor, with which shall it be salted? it is thereafter good for nothing...

Matthew 12:31,32,45 Why I say to you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven to men...

Luke 11:24-26 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walks through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he said...

John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire...

2 Timothy 2:25 In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;

2 Timothy 4:14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:

2 Peter 2:20-22 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ...

1 John 5:16 If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not to death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not to death...

were once.

Hebrews 10:32 But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after you were illuminated, you endured a great fight of afflictions;

Numbers 24:3,15,16 And he took up his parable, and said, Balaam the son of Beor has said, and the man whose eyes are open has said...

and have.

Matthew 7:21,22 Not every one that said to me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven...

Luke 10:19,20 Behold, I give to you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy...

John 3:27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.

John 4:10 Jesus answered and said to her, If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that said to you, Give me to drink...

John 6:32 Then Jesus said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven...

Acts 8:20 But Peter said to him, Your money perish with you, because you have thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money.

Acts 10:45 And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter...

Acts 11:17 For as much then as God gave them the like gift as he did to us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I...

Romans 1:11 For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, to the end you may be established;

1 Corinthians 13:1,2 Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal...

Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

Ephesians 3:7 Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given to me by the effectual working of his power.

Ephesians 4:7 But to every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.

1 Timothy 4:14 Neglect not the gift that is in you, which was given you by prophecy, with the laying on of the hands of the presbytery.

James 1:17,18 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no ficklenss...

partakers.

Hebrews 2:4 God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost...

Acts 15:8 And God, which knows the hearts, bore them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did to us;

Galatians 3:2,5 This only would I learn of you, Received you the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith...

Cross References
Matthew 12:45
Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and dwell there, and the last state of that person is worse than the first. So also will it be with this evil generation."

John 4:10
Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, 'Give me a drink,' you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water."

2 Corinthians 4:4
In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.

2 Corinthians 4:6
For God, who said, "Let light shine out of darkness," has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Galatians 3:2
Let me ask you only this: Did you receive the Spirit by works of the law or by hearing with faith?

Ephesians 1:18
having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints,

Ephesians 2:8
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God,

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