Hebrews 5:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered.

King James Bible
Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;

American Standard Version
though he was a Son, yet learned obedience by the things which he suffered;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And whereas indeed he was the Son of God, he learned obedience by the things which he suffered:

English Revised Version
though he was a Son, yet learned obedience by the things which he suffered;

Webster's Bible Translation
Though he was a Son, yet he learned obedience by the things which he suffered;

Weymouth New Testament
Although He was God's Son, yet He learned obedience from the sufferings which He endured;

Hebrews 5:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Though he were a Son (καίπερ ὣν υἱὸς)

For were rend. was. His training for the priesthood involved suffering, even though he was a son. Connect with ἔμαθεν learned, not with the preceding clause, which would mean that his position as a son did not exempt him from the obligation to godly fear, which is true as a fact (see Hebrews 5:7), but is not the point of emphasis here.

Learned he obedience (ἔμαθεν τὴν ὑπακοήν)

Omit he, since the subject of ἔμαθεν learned is ὃς who, Hebrews 5:7. Jesus did not have to learn to obey, see John 8:29; but he required the special discipline of a severe human experience as a training for his office as a high priest who could be touched with the feeling of human infirmities. He did not need to be disciplined out of any inclination to disobedience; but, as Alford puts it, "the special course of submission by which he became perfected as our high priest was gone through in time, and was a matter of acquirement and practice." This is no more strange than his growth in wisdom, Luke 2:52. Growth in experience was an essential part of his humanity.

By the things which he suffered (ἀφ' ὧν ἔπαθεν)

Or from the things, etc. Note the word-play, ἔμαθεν ἔπαθεν. So Croesus, addressing Cyrus, says, τὰ δέ μοι παθήματα, ἐόντα ἀχάριστα, μαθήματα γέγονεν, "my sufferings, though painful, have proved to be lessons" (Hdt. i.:207): so Soph. Trach. 142, μήτ' ἐκμάθοις παθοῦσα "mayst thou not learn by suffering."

Hebrews 5:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he were.

Hebrews 1:5,8 For to which of the angels said he at any time, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you? And again, I will be to him a Father...

Hebrews 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we...

yet.

Hebrews 10:5-9 Why when he comes into the world, he said, Sacrifice and offering you would not, but a body have you prepared me...

Isaiah 50:5,6 The Lord GOD has opened my ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back...

Matthew 3:15 And Jesus answering said to him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becomes us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he suffered him.

John 4:34 Jesus said to them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.

John 6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me.

John 15:10 If you keep my commandments, you shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in his love.

Philippians 2:8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient to death, even the death of the cross.

Cross References
Isaiah 50:5
The Lord GOD has opened my ear, and I was not rebellious; I turned not backward.

Isaiah 53:5
But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed.

John 10:18
No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father."

Philippians 2:8
And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.

Hebrews 1:2
but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.

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