Hebrews 2:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, should make the founder of their salvation perfect through suffering.

King James Bible
For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

American Standard Version
For it became him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the author of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, who had brought many children into glory, to perfect the author of their salvation, by his passion.

English Revised Version
For it became him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the author of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

Webster's Bible Translation
For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.

Weymouth New Testament
For it was fitting that He for whom, and through whom, all things exist, after He had brought many sons to glory, should perfect by suffering the Prince Leader who had saved them.

Hebrews 2:10 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

It became (ἔπρεπεν)

Not logical necessity (δεῖ, Hebrews 2:1), nor obligation growing out of circumstances (ὤφειλεν, Hebrews 2:17), but an inner fitness in God's dealing. Dr. Robertson Smith observes: "The whole course of nature and grace must find its explanation in God; and not merely in an abstract divine arbitrium, but in that which befits the divine nature."

For whom - by whom (δι' ὅν - δι' οὗ)

For whom, that is, for whose sake all things exist. God is the final cause of all things. This is not equals εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα unto whom are all things, Romans 11:36; which signifies that all things have their realization in God; while this means that all things have their reason in God. By whom, through whose agency, all things came into being. On διὰ applied to God, see on Hebrews 1:2. These two emphasize the idea of fitness. It was becoming even to a God who is the beginning and the end of all things.

In bringing many sons unto glory (πολλοὺς υἱοὺς εἰς δόξαν ἀγαγόντα)

Const. bringing with him; not with captain, which would mean "to perfect the captain, etc., as one who led many sons, etc." Αγαγόντα is not to be explained who had brought, or after he had brought, with a reference to the O.T. saints, "he had brought many O.T. sons of God unto glory"; but rather, bringing as he did, or in bringing, as A.V. Many sons, since their leader himself was a son. Unto glory, in accordance with the glory with which he himself had been crowned (Hebrews 2:9). The glory is not distinguished from the salvation immediately following. For the combination salvation and glory see 2 Timothy 2:10; Revelation 19:1.

To make perfect (τελειῶσαι)

Lit. to carry to the goal or consummation. The "perfecting" of Jesus corresponds to his being "crowned with glory and honor," although it is not a mere synonym for that phrase; for the writer conceives the perfecting not as an act but as a process. "To make perfect" does not imply moral imperfection in Jesus, but only the consummation of that human experience of sorrow and pain through which he must pass in order to become the leader of his people's salvation.

The captain of their salvation (τὸν ἀρχηγὸν τῆς σωτηρίας αὐτῶν)

Comp. Acts 5:31. Ἀρχηγὸς captain, quite frequent in lxx and Class. Rev. renders author, which misses the fact that the Son precedes the saved on the path to glory. The idea is rather leader, and is fairly expressed by captain.

Hebrews 2:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

it.

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

Genesis 18:25 That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked...

Luke 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Luke 24:26,46 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory...

Romans 3:25,26 Whom God has set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood...

Ephesians 1:6-8 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he has made us accepted in the beloved...

Ephesians 2:7 That in the ages to come he might show the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.

Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now to the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

1 Peter 1:12 To whom it was revealed, that not to themselves, but to us they did minister the things...

for.

Proverbs 16:4 The LORD has made all things for himself: yes, even the wicked for the day of evil.

Isaiah 43:21 This people have I formed for myself; they shall show forth my praise.

Romans 11:36 For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen.

1 Corinthians 8:6 But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things...

2 Corinthians 5:18 And all things are of God, who has reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and has given to us the ministry of reconciliation;

Colossians 1:16,17 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones...

Revelation 4:11 You are worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power: for you have created all things...

many.

Hosea 8:10 Yes, though they have hired among the nations, now will I gather them...

John 11:52 And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad.

Romans 8:14-18,29,30 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God...

Romans 9:25,26 As he said also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved...

2 Corinthians 6:18 And will be a Father to you, and you shall be my sons and daughters, said the Lord Almighty.

Galatians 3:26 For you are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

Ephesians 1:5 Having predestinated us to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,

1 John 3:1,2 Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knows us not...

Revelation 7:9 After this I beheld, and, see, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds...

glory.

Romans 9:23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared to glory,

1 Corinthians 2:7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world to our glory:

2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory...

2 Corinthians 4:17 For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, works for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory;

Colossians 3:4 When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall you also appear with him in glory.

2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory...

1 Peter 5:1,10 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ...

the captain.

Hebrews 6:20 Where the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Hebrews 12:2 Looking to Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame...

Joshua 5:14,15 And he said, No; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship...

Isaiah 55:4 Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

Micah 2:13 The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it...

Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God has raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.

Acts 5:31 Him has God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Savior, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

perfect.

Hebrews 5:8,9 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered...

Luke 13:32 And he said to them, Go you, and tell that fox, Behold, I cast out devils, and I do cures to day and to morrow...

Luke 24:26,46 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory...

John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

Cross References
Luke 13:32
And he said to them, "Go and tell that fox, 'Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I finish my course.

Luke 24:26
Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?"

Acts 3:15
and you killed the Author of life, whom God raised from the dead. To this we are witnesses.

Acts 5:31
God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins.

Romans 11:36
For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.

Hebrews 5:9
And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him,

Hebrews 7:28
For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.

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