Galatians 3:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now an intermediary implies more than one, but God is one.

King James Bible
Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.

American Standard Version
Now a mediator is not a mediator of one; but God is one.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now a mediator is not of one: but God is one.

English Revised Version
Now a mediator is not a mediator of one; but God is one.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now a mediator is not a mediator of one; but God is one.

Weymouth New Testament
But there cannot be a mediator where only one individual is concerned.

Galatians 3:20 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Now a mediator is not a mediator of one (ὁ δὲ μεσίτης ἐνὸς οὐκ ἔστιν)

Observe, 1. Δὲ is explanatory, not antithetic. The verse illustrates the conception of mediator. 2. The article, the mediator, has a generic force: the mediator according to the general and proper conception of his function. Comp. the apostle (2 Corinthians 12:12); the shepherd, the good (John 10:11). 3. Ἑνὸς of one, is to be explained by the following εἷς, so that it is masculine and personal. We are not to supply party or law. The meaning is: the conception of mediator does not belong to an individual considered singly. One is not a mediator of his single self, but he is a mediator between two contracting parties; in this case between God and the people of Israel, as Leviticus 26:46; thus differing from Christ, who is called the mediator of a new covenant (Hebrews 8:6; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 12:24). The new covenant, the gospel, was not a contract. Accordingly Galatians 3:20 serves to define the true conception of a mediator, and through this definition to make clearer the difference between the law, which required a mediator, and the promise, which is the simple expression of God's will. The very idea of mediation supposes two parties. The law is of the nature of a contract between God and the Jewish people. The validity of the contract depends on its fulfillment by both parties. Hence it is contingent, not absolute.

But God is one (ὁ δὲ θεὸς εἷς ἀστίν)

God does not need a mediator to make his promise valid. His promise is not of the nature of a contract between two parties. His promise depends on his own individual decree. He dealt with Abraham singly and directly, without a mediator. The dignity of the law is thus inferior to that of the promise.

Galatians 3:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a mediator is.

Job 9:33 Neither is there any judge between us, that might lay his hand on us both.

Acts 12:20 And Herod was highly displeased with them of Tyre and Sidon: but they came with one accord to him, and...

1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;

but.

Galatians 3:17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after...

Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, To your seed have I given this land...

Genesis 17:1,2 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said to him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me...

Deuteronomy 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:

Romans 3:29 Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:

Cross References
Romans 3:30
since God is one--who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith.

1 Timothy 2:5
For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus,

Hebrews 8:6
But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises.

Hebrews 9:15
Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant.

Hebrews 12:24
and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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