Galatians 2:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness were through the law, then Christ died for no purpose.

King James Bible
I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

American Standard Version
I do not make void the grace of God: for if righteousness is through the law, then Christ died for nought.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I cast not away the grace of God. For if justice be by the law, then Christ died in vain.

English Revised Version
I do not make void the grace of God: for if righteousness is through the law, then Christ died for nought.

Webster's Bible Translation
I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness is attainable by the law, then Christ hath died in vain.

Weymouth New Testament
I do not nullify the grace of God; for if acquittal from guilt is obtainable through the Law, then Christ has died in vain."

Galatians 2:21 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Frustrate (ἀθετῶ)

Annul or invalidate. Comp. Mark 7:9; 1 Corinthians 1:19; Galatians 3:15.

The grace of God (τὴν χάριν τοῦ θεοῦ)

Χάρις is, primarily, that which gives joy (χαρά). Its higher, Christian meaning is based on the emphasis of freeness in a gift or favor. It is the free, spontaneous, absolute loving kindness of God toward men. Hence often in contrast with the ideas of debt, law, works, sin. Sometimes for the gift of grace, the benefaction, as 1 Corinthians 16:3; 2 Corinthians 8:6, 2 Corinthians 8:19; 1 Peter 1:10, 1 Peter 1:13. So here: the gracious gift of God in the offering of Christ.

Is dead (ἀπέθανεν)

More correctly, died; pointing to the historical incident.

In vain (δωρεὰν)

Groundlessly, without cause. See on 2 Thessalonians 3:8. The sense here is not common. It is not found in Class., and in N.T. only John 15:25. In lxx, see Psalm 34:7, 19; 108:3; 118:161; 1 Samuel 19:5; Sir. 20:23; 29:6. Comp. Ignatius, Trall. v. Paul says: "I do not invalidate the grace of God in the offering of Christ, as one does who seeks to reestablish the law as a means of justification; for if righteousness comes through the law, there was no occasion for Christ to die."

Additional Note on Galatians 2:14-21.

The course of thought in Paul's address to Peter is difficult to follow. It will help to simplify it if the reader will keep it before him that the whole passage is to be interpreted in the light of Peter's false attitude - as a remonstrance against a particular state of things.

The line of remonstrance is as follows. If you, Peter, being a Jew, do not live as a Jew, but as a Gentile, as you did when you ate with Gentiles, why do you, by your example in withdrawing from Gentile tables, constrain Gentile Christians to live as Jews, observing the separative ordinances of the Jewish law? This course is plainly inconsistent.

Even you and I, born Jews, and not Gentiles - sinners - denied the obligation of these ordinances by the act of believing on Jesus Christ. In professing this faith we committed ourselves to the principle that no one can be justified by the works of the law.

But it may be said that we were in no better case by thus abandoning the law and legal righteousness, since, in the very effort to be justified through Christ, we were shown to be sinners, and therefore in the same category with the Gentiles. Does it not then follow that Christ is proved to be a minister of sin in requiring us to abandon the law as a means of justification?

No. God forbid. It is true that, in seeking to be justified in Christ, we stood revealed as sinners, for it was Christ who showed us that we could not be justified by the works of the law; that all our legal strictness only left us sinners. But the inference is false that Christ is thereby shown to be a minister of sin.

continued...

Galatians 2:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

do not.

Galatians 2:18 For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor.

Psalm 33:10 The LORD brings the counsel of the heathen to nothing: he makes the devices of the people of none effect.

Mark 7:9 And he said to them, Full well you reject the commandment of God, that you may keep your own tradition.

*marg:

Romans 8:31 What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us?

righteousness. See on ver.

Galatians 2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ...

Galatians 3:21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life...

Galatians 5:2-4 Behold, I Paul say to you, that if you be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing...

Romans 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness...

Romans 11:6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then it is no more grace...

Hebrews 7:11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood...

Christ.

Isaiah 49:4 Then I said, I have labored in vain, I have spent my strength for nothing, and in vain: yet surely my judgment is with the LORD...

Jeremiah 8:8 How do you say, We are wise, and the law of the LORD is with us? See, certainly in vain made he it; the pen of the scribes is in vain.

1 Corinthians 15:2,14,17 By which also you are saved, if you keep in memory what I preached to you, unless you have believed in vain...

Cross References
Romans 4:25
who was delivered up for our trespasses and raised for our justification.

Galatians 3:21
Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! For if a law had been given that could give life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law.

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