Galatians 2:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For before certain men came from James, he was eating with the Gentiles; but when they came he drew back and separated himself, fearing the circumcision party.

King James Bible
For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.

American Standard Version
For before that certain came from James, he ate with the Gentiles; but when they came, he drew back and separated himself, fearing them that were of the circumcision.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For before that some came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them who were of the circumcision.

English Revised Version
For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they came, he drew back and separated himself, fearing them that were of the circumcision.

Webster's Bible Translation
For before that certain came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles: but when they had come, he withdrew, and separated himself, fearing them who were of the circumcision.

Weymouth New Testament
For until certain persons came from James he had been accustomed to eat with Gentiles; but as soon as these persons came, he withdrew and separated himself for fear of the Circumcision party.

Galatians 2:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Did eat with (συνήσθιεν)

A.V. misses the force of the imperfect, marking Peter's custom. Not only at church feasts, but at ordinary meals, in defiance of the Pharisaic that this prohibition was not binding (Acts 10:28; Acts 11:8, Acts 11:9), and had defended that position in the apostolic conference (Acts 15:7 ff.).

Withdrew and separated himself (ὑπέστελλεν καὶ ἀφώριζεν ἑαυτόν)

Or, began to withdraw, etc. Ὑποστέλλειν only here in Paul. It means, originally, to draw in or contract. Thus of furling sails, closing the fingers. Middle voice, to draw or shrink back from through fear. Hence, to dissemble or prevaricate. There seems to be no special reason for making it either a military metaphor, as Lightfoot, or a nautical metaphor, as Farrar. See on Acts 20:20.

Galatians 2:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

certain.

Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given to me...

Acts 21:18-25 And the day following Paul went in with us to James; and all the elders were present...

he did.

Acts 10:28 And he said to them, You know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company...

Acts 11:3 Saying, You went in to men uncircumcised, and did eat with them.

Ephesians 2:15,19-22 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances...

Ephesians 3:6 That the Gentiles should be fellow heirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:

he withdrew.

Isaiah 65:5 Which say, Stand by yourself, come not near to me; for I am holier than you. These are a smoke in my nose...

Luke 15:2 And the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying, This man receives sinners, and eats with them.

1 Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.

fearing.

Proverbs 29:25 The fear of man brings a snare: but whoever puts his trust in the LORD shall be safe.

Isaiah 57:11 And of whom have you been afraid or feared, that you have lied, and have not remembered me, nor laid it to your heart?...

Matthew 26:69-75 Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came to him, saying, You also were with Jesus of Galilee...

Cross References
Acts 11:2
So when Peter went up to Jerusalem, the circumcision party criticized him, saying,

Acts 11:3
"You went to uncircumcised men and ate with them."

Acts 12:17
But motioning to them with his hand to be silent, he described to them how the Lord had brought him out of the prison. And he said, "Tell these things to James and to the brothers." Then he departed and went to another place.

Galatians 2:9
and when James and Cephas and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given to me, they gave the right hand of fellowship to Barnabas and me, that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised.

Galatians 2:14
But when I saw that their conduct was not in step with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, "If you, though a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you force the Gentiles to live like Jews?"

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