2 Thessalonians 1:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.

King James Bible
In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

American Standard Version
rendering vengeance to them that know not God, and to them that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus:

Douay-Rheims Bible
In a flame of fire, giving vengeance to them who know not God, and who obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.

English Revised Version
in flaming fire, rendering vengeance to them that know not God, and to them that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus:

Webster's Bible Translation
In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

Weymouth New Testament
He will come in flames of fire to take vengeance on those who have no knowledge of God, and do not obey the Good News as to Jesus, our Lord.

2 Thessalonians 1:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

In flaming fire (ἐν πυρὶ φλογός)

Lit. in a fire of flame. Comp. 1 Corinthians 1:13; 2 Peter 3:7.

Taking vengeance (διδόντος ἐκδίκησιν)

Lit. giving or rendering. Vengeance is an unfortunate rendering, as implying, in popular usage, personal vindictiveness. See on 2 Corinthians 7:11. It is the full awarding of justice to all parties.

On them that know not God - obey not the gospel (τοῖς μὴ εἰδόσι θεὸν - τοῖς μὴ ὑπακούουσιν τῷ εὐγγελίῳ)

To know God is to know him as the one, true God as distinguished from false gods; to know his will, his holiness, his hatred of sin, and his saving intent toward mankind. Two words are used of such knowledge, εἰδέναι and γινώσκειν. Both are applied to the heathen and to Christians, and both are used of the Jews' knowledge of God. Ἑιδέναι, of heathen, Galatians 4:8; 1 Thessalonians 4:5; 2 Thessalonians 1:8. Γινώσκειν of heathen, Romans 1:21; 1 Corinthians 1:21. Ἑιδέναι, of Christ and Christians, John 7:29, John 8:19, John 8:55; John 14:7. Γινώσκειν of Christ and Christians, Galatians 4:9; 1 John 2:13, 1 John 2:14; 1 John 4:6, 1 John 4:7, 1 John 4:8; John 10:15; John 17:3. In John, γινώσκειν of Jews who do not know the Father, John 16:3; John 8:55 : εἰδέναι, John 7:28; John 8:19; John 15:21. The two are combined, John 1:26; John 7:27; John 8:55; 2 Corinthians 5:16. A distinction is asserted between γινώσκειν as knowledge grounded in personal experience, apprehension of external impressions - and εἰδέμαι purely mental perception in contrast with conjecture or knowledge derived from others. There are doubtless passages which bear out this distinction (see on John 2:24), but it is impossible to carry it rigidly through the N.T. In the two classes, - those who know not God and those who obey not the gospel, - it is not probable that Paul has in mind a distinction between Jews and Gentiles. The Jews were not ignorant of God, yet they are described by John as not knowing him. The Gentiles are described by Paul as knowing God, but as refusing to glorify him as God (Romans 1:21). Paul rather describes here the subjects of God's judgment as one class, but under different aspects.

2 Thessalonians 1:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

flaming.

Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way...

Deuteronomy 4:11 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire to the middle of heaven, with darkness, clouds...

Deuteronomy 5:5 (I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to show you the word of the LORD: for you were afraid by reason of the fire...

Psalm 21:8,9 Your hand shall find out all your enemies: your right hand shall find out those that hate you...

Psalm 50:2-6 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God has shined...

Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered to him...

Matthew 25:41,46 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire...

Hebrews 10:27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.

Hebrews 12:29 For our God is a consuming fire.

2 Peter 3:7,10-12 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store...

Revelation 20:10,14,15 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are...

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...

taking. or, yielding vengeance.

Deuteronomy 32:35,41,42 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand...

Psalm 2:9-12 You shall break them with a rod of iron; you shall dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel...

Psalm 94:1 O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, show yourself.

Isaiah 61:2 To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

Isaiah 63:4-6 For the day of vengeance is in my heart, and the year of my redeemed is come...

Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that has said, Vengeance belongs to me, I will recompense, said the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

Revelation 6:10,16,17 And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true...

that know.

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

1 Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.

Psalm 9:10 And they that know your name will put their trust in you: for you, LORD, have not forsaken them that seek you.

Psalm 79:6 Pour out your wrath on the heathen that have not known you, and on the kingdoms that have not called on your name.

Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire...

Jeremiah 9:6 Your habitation is in the middle of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, said the LORD.

Zephaniah 1:6 And them that are turned back from the LORD; and those that have not sought the LORD, nor inquired for him.

John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light...

John 8:19 Then said they to him, Where is your Father? Jesus answered, You neither know me, nor my Father: if you had known me...

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

and that.

Deuteronomy 4:30 When you are in tribulation, and all these things are come on you, even in the latter days, if you turn to the LORD your God...

Psalm 18:44 As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves to me.

Isaiah 1:19 If you be willing and obedient, you shall eat the good of the land:

Acts 6:7 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly...

Romans 1:5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name:

Romans 2:7,8 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life...

Romans 6:16 Know you not, that to whom you yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants you are to whom you obey; whether of sin to death...

Romans 10:16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias said, Lord, who has believed our report?

Romans 15:18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ has not worked by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by word and deed,

Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God...

2 Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God...

Galatians 3:1 O foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, that you should not obey the truth...

Hebrews 2:3 How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord...

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation to all them that obey him;

Hebrews 11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out...

1 Peter 1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit...

1 Peter 3:6 Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose daughters you are, as long as you do well, and are not afraid with any amazement.

1 Peter 4:17 For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us...

Cross References
Psalm 79:6
Pour out your anger on the nations that do not know you, and on the kingdoms that do not call upon your name!

Isaiah 1:28
But rebels and sinners shall be broken together, and those who forsake the LORD shall be consumed.

Jeremiah 10:25
Pour out your wrath on the nations that know you not, and on the peoples that call not on your name, for they have devoured Jacob; they have devoured him and consumed him, and have laid waste his habitation.

Romans 2:8
but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.

Galatians 4:8
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not gods.

1 Peter 4:17
For it is time for judgment to begin at the household of God; and if it begins with us, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?

Jude 1:7
just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding cities, which likewise indulged in sexual immorality and pursued unnatural desire, serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire.

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