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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

sen'-at, sen'-a-ter: In Psalm 105:22, "teach his senators (the Revised Version (British and American) "elders") wisdom." The Hebrew is zaqen, "elder" Septuagint presbuteroi). In Acts 5:21, "called the council together and all the senate of the children of Israel." The Greek gerousia, is here evidently used as a more precise equivalent of the foregoing "council" (sunedrion), to which it is added by kai, explicative. Reference is had to the Sanhedrin. See SANHEDRIN. This term gerousia occurs in Septuagint Exodus 3:16, etc., and in 1 Maccabees 12:6; 2 Maccabees 1:10; 4:44 of the supreme council of the Jews (see GOVERNMENT). In 1 Maccabees 8:15; 12:3, bouleuterion, is used of the Roman senate, which is said to consist of 320 members meeting daily, consulting always for the people, to the end that they may be well governed. These statements are not quite accurate, since the senate consisted normally of 300 members, and met not daily, but on call of the magistrates. Originally, like the gerousia of the Jews, the representatives of families and clans (gentes), the senators were subsequently the ex-magistrates, supplemented, to complete the tale of members, by representatives of patrician (in time also of plebeian) families selected by the censor. The tenure was ordinarily for life, though it might be terminated for cause by the censor. Although constitutionally the senate was only an advisory body, its advice (senatus consultum, auctoritas) in fact became in time a mandate which few dared to disregard. During the republican period the senate practically ruled Rome; under the empire it tended more and more to become the creature and subservient tool of the emperors.

William Arthur Heidel

Strong's Hebrew
2205. zaqen -- old
... aged, ancient man, elder, old man, men and. From zaqen; old -- aged, ancient (man),
elder(-est), old (man, men and...women), senator. see HEBREW zaqen. ...
/hebrew/2205.htm - 6k

To Senator the Patrician.
... To Senator the Patrician. ... Footnotes: [1805] Senator was consul in 436, three years
after the probable date of Theodoret's earlier letter to him (cf. ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of theodoret/xciii to senator the patrician.htm

To the Patrician Senator.
... Letters of the Blessed Theodoret, XLIV. To the Patrician Senator. Thanks
be to the Saviour of the world because to your greatness ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of theodoret/xliv to the patrician senator.htm

Epistle viii. To Senator, Abbot.
... Epistle VIII. To Senator, Abbot. To Senator, Abbot. Gregory to Senator, presbyter
and abbot of a hospital (or guest-house, xenodochii). ...
/.../the epistles of saint gregory the great/epistle viii to senator abbot.htm

"He is More Honored than Jupiter These Days," the Philosopher was ...
... "The dear old girl!" said young Gracus, in a low tone, as he turned to the senator. ...
"Good senator, I have considered. You ask for two hundred thousand denarii. ...
// 3 he is more.htm

How Appolonius Suffered Martyrdom at Rome.
... [1673] Jerome (de vir. ill. chap. 42, and Epist. ad Magnum, 4) calls
Apollonius a Roman senator. It is possible that this is only ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter xxi how appolonius suffered martyrdom.htm

Chapter iv.
... For if any plebeian should be permitted by the party himself to call a senator of
more advanced age father; without doubt he would tremble, and would not ...
/.../ lords sermon on the mount/chapter iv 2.htm

The Fall of the Empire and of the Papacy
... The Guelf party in Rome had already elected Charles as senator, or head of
the civic commune, in opposition to the Ghibelline Manfred. ...
/.../medley/the church and the empire/chapter xvi the fall of.htm

There was a Certain Matron of High Rank who Already had ...
... The other, married to a senator, was intimately connected with the empress.
Excellent beauty and virtue proved the cause of their death. ...
/.../lactantius/of the manner in which the persecutors died/chap xl there was a.htm

List of Writers.
... Serapion the bishop. 42. Apollonius the senator. 43. Theophilus another bishop. ... Optatus
the bishop. 111. Acilius Severus the senator. 112. Cyril the bishop. ...
/.../various/jerome and gennadius lives of illustrious men /list of writers.htm

Life at C├Žsarea; Baptism; and Adoption of Monastic Life.
... [71] One day a senator named Syncletius came to Basil to be admitted to his monastery,
with the statement that he had renounced his property, excepting only a ...
/.../basil/basil letters and select works/iii life at caesarea baptism and.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A member of a senate.

2. (n.) A member of the king's council; a king's councilor.

... 1. (n.) A member of a senate. 2. (n.) A member of the king's council; a king's
councilor. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. SENATE; SENATOR. ...
/s/senator.htm - 8k

Senate (1 Occurrence)
... matters of general concern affecting the students. Int. Standard Bible
Encyclopedia. SENATE; SENATOR. sen'-at, sen'-a-ter: In Psalm ...
/s/senate.htm - 9k

Father (11359 Occurrences)
... counsel, or protection. 4. (n.) A respectful mode of address to an old man.
5. (n.) A senator of ancient Rome. 6. (n.) A dignitary ...
/f/father.htm - 21k

Aquila (7 Occurrences)
... The conjecture that Aquila was a freedman and that his master had been Aquila Pontius,
the Roman senator, and that from him he received his name is without ...
/a/aquila.htm - 13k

Senators (1 Occurrence)

/s/senators.htm - 6k



Related Terms

Senate (1 Occurrence)

Father (11359 Occurrences)

Aquila (7 Occurrences)

Senators (1 Occurrence)

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