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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

mur'-ku-ri, mer-ku'ri-us: The translation of Hermes, in Acts 14:12: "They called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercury, because he was the chief speaker." Hermes was the god of eloquence (and also of theft), the attendant, messenger and spokesman of the gods. The more commanding presence of Barnabas (compare 2 Corinthians 10:10) probably caused him to be identified with Zeus (the Roman Jupiter), while his gift of eloquence suggested the identification of Paul with Hermes (the Roman Mercury). The temple of Jupiter was before Lystra, and to him the Lycaonians paid their chief worship. Compare the legend of Baucis and Philemon (Ovid, Metam. viii.611).


M. O. Evans



2060. Hermes -- Hermes, the name of a Gr. god and a Christian at ...
... Hermes, Mercury. Perhaps from ereo; Hermes, the name of the messenger of the Greek
deities; also of a Christian -- Hermes, Mercury. see GREEK ereo. ...
// - 6k

... IX."Mercury. Let your Mercury be depicted with a Saraballum, and with wings
on his helmet or his cap, and in other respects naked. ...
/.../commodianus/the instructions of commodianus/ix mercury.htm

Concerning the Offices of Mercury and Mars.
... Book VII. Chapter 14."Concerning the Offices of Mercury and Mars. ... And thus
speech itself both belongs to Jupiter, and is Mercury. ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 14 concerning the offices of.htm

Mercury, Also, Has Been Named as Though He were a Kind of Go ...
... Book III. 32 Mercury, also, has been named as though he were a kind of
go-between� Mercury, also, has been named as though he ...
/.../the seven books of arnobius against the heathen/32 mercury also has been.htm

Of the Life and Actions of Æsculapius, Apollo, Neptune, Mars ...
... gods. Chap. X."Of the life and actions of Æsculapius, apollo, neptune,
mars, castor and pollux, mercury and bacchus. What other ...
/.../lactantius/the divine institutes/chap x of the life and.htm

That all the Religion of the Pagans Has Reference to Dead Men.
... in the country which is called by his name, help and preserve all mortals who come
to him from every quarter?" For this elder Hermes, that is, Mercury, who, he ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 26 that all the religion.htm

The Cripple at Lystra
... The population are all amazed, and knowing that there was a tradition that Jupiter
and Mercury had once appeared in that very town, a tradition preserved in ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 10 1864/the cripple at lystra.htm

From Such Causes as These this Also Has Followed...
... Lo, if some witty and cunning king were to remove the Sun from his place before
the gate [4656] and transfer him to that of Mercury, and again were to carry ...
/.../the seven books of arnobius against the heathen/12 from such causes as.htm

But This, Too, it is Fitting that we Should Here Learn from You...
... this, too, it is fitting that we should here learn from you: If a goat be slain
to Jupiter, which is usually sacrificed to father Liber and Mercury, [4863] or ...
/.../arnobius/the seven books of arnobius against the heathen/21 but this too it.htm

About the Hebrew Written Characters which that Language Always ...
... which professes to teach men something which shall make them happy, studies of that
kind flourished in those lands about the times of Mercury, whom they called ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 39 about the hebrew written.htm

Whether Respect of Persons Takes Place in Showing Honor and ...
... God's place, and as representing the community over which they are placed, according
to Prov.26:8, "As he that casteth a stone into the heap of Mercury, so is ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether respect of persons takes 2.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(Acts 14:12) the translation of the above in the Revised Version.

ATS Bible Dictionary

A fabulous god of the ancient heathen, the messenger of the celestials, and the deity that presided over learning, eloquence, and traffic. The Greeks named him Hermes, interpreter, because they considered him as the interpreter of the will of the gods. Probably it was for this reason that he people of Lystra, having heard Paul preach, and having seen him heal a lame man, would have offered sacrifice to him as to their god Mercury; and to Barnabas as Jupiter, because of his venerable aspect, Acts 14:11-12.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A Latin god of commerce and gain; -- treated by the poets as identical with the Greek Hermes, messenger of the gods, conductor of souls to the lower world, and god of eloquence.

2. (n.) A metallic element mostly obtained by reduction from cinnabar, one of its ores. It is a heavy, opaque, glistening liquid (commonly called quicksilver), and is used in barometers, thermometers, etc. Specific gravity 13.6. Symbol Hg (Hydrargyrum). Atomic weight 199.8. Mercury has a molecule which consists of only one atom. It was named by the alchemists after the god Mercury, and designated by his symbol, /.

3. (n.) One of the planets of the solar system, being the one nearest the sun, from which its mean distance is about 36,000,000 miles. Its period is 88 days, and its diameter 3,000 miles.

4. (n.) A carrier of tidings; a newsboy; a messenger; hence, also, a newspaper.

5. (n.) Sprightly or mercurial quality; spirit; mutability; fickleness.

6. (n.) A plant (Mercurialis annua), of the Spurge family, the leaves of which are sometimes used for spinach, in Europe.

7. (v. t.) To wash with a preparation of mercury.

Mercury (1 Occurrence)
...Mercury has a molecule which consists of only one atom. It was named by the
alchemists after the god Mercury, and designated by his symbol, /. ...
/m/mercury.htm - 9k

Mercurius (1 Occurrence)
... The inhabitants of Lystra took Paul for this god because he was the "chief speaker.".
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. MERCURY; MERCURIUS. ...
/m/mercurius.htm - 8k

Jupiter (3 Occurrences)
... Burton Scott Easton. JUPITER AND MERCURY. See ASTROLOGY, sec. III, 1; MERCURY;
JUPITER. Multi-Version Concordance Jupiter (3 Occurrences). ...
/j/jupiter.htm - 10k

Hermes (2 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Mercury, a Roman Christian (Romans 16:14). Noah
Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n.) See Mercury. 2. (n.) Originally ...
/h/hermes.htm - 8k

Liquid (15 Occurrences)
... themselves, but do not tend to separate from each other as the particles of gases
and vapors do; neither solid nor aeriform; as, liquid mercury, in distinction ...
/l/liquid.htm - 11k

Hermogenes (1 Occurrence)
...Mercury-born, at one time Paul's fellow-labourer in Asia Minor, who, however,
afterwards abandoned him, along with one Phygellus, probably on account of the ...
/h/hermogenes.htm - 10k

... Mars and Mercury, the two remaining planets, are not mentioned as such in Old Testament,
but the deities connected with them, Nergal = Mars (2 Kings 17:30) and ...
/a/astrology.htm - 38k

Nebo (13 Occurrences)
... and Nebo there represent Babylon). His own special shrine was at Borsippo.
His planet was Mercury. His name enters into Biblical ...
/n/nebo.htm - 17k

Lystra (6 Occurrences)
... Acts 14:2-7). Here also he healed a lame man (8), and thus so impressed the ignorant
and superstitious people that they took him for Mercury, because he was ...
/l/lystra.htm - 14k

Inferior (14 Occurrences)
... goods. 3. (a.) Nearer the sun than the earth is; as, the inferior or interior
planets; an inferior conjunction of Mercury or Venus. 4 ...
/i/inferior.htm - 11k

Bible Concordance
Mercury (1 Occurrence)

Acts 14:12 They called Barnabas "Jupiter," and Paul "Mercury," because he was the chief speaker.



Related Terms

Mercurius (1 Occurrence)

Jupiter (3 Occurrences)

Hermes (2 Occurrences)

Liquid (15 Occurrences)

Hermogenes (1 Occurrence)


Nebo (13 Occurrences)

Lystra (6 Occurrences)

Inferior (14 Occurrences)

Fall (522 Occurrences)

Tin (6 Occurrences)

Talker (3 Occurrences)

Rise (417 Occurrences)


Element (1 Occurrence)

Column (5 Occurrences)


Silver (329 Occurrences)

Speaker (10 Occurrences)

Hermas (1 Occurrence)

Colour (22 Occurrences)

Barnabas (33 Occurrences)

Lead (192 Occurrences)

Colors (12 Occurrences)

Mercy (467 Occurrences)

Gods (310 Occurrences)

Color (18 Occurrences)


Empire (8 Occurrences)

Roman (26 Occurrences)

Religion (23 Occurrences)

Babylonia (17 Occurrences)

Assyria (124 Occurrences)


Paul (207 Occurrences)

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