Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call on his name; they called on the LORD, and he answered them.
The reason for recalling these three worshippers belonging to the olden times, and these three only, does not immediately appear. And it is singular to find both Moses and Aaron classed as priests. Probably, before the appointment of the Levitical priesthood, Moses had been the priest as well as leader of the people. The thought appears to be that men may now call upon and worship God with the assured confidence that he receives worship and answers prayers even as he has always done. As specimens of God's ways with his people who seek him, Moses and Aaron are brought as types of those who offer worship; and Samuel is brought as a type of those who present supplications. So the two sides of worship are presented, praise and prayer.
I. MOSES AND AARON THE MODELS OF WORSHIP AS PRAISE. This is the Godward side of worship. It is knowing God, offering God his due, recognizing the Divine mercies and judgments, making offerings due unto his Name. And Moses and Aaron represent worship as presented in God's own appointed way, in the line of his own arrangements. This brings in the element of obedience, and every true act of worship is an act of obedience, and an expression of the spirit of obedience. Worship may be wholly praise, and God says, "Whoso offereth praise glorifieth me." From the worship system of Moses and Aaron, show what are the essential elements of all acceptable worship, such as adoration, thanksgiving, confessions, and expressions of dependence. Symbolic rites only belong to particular times and people, but the spirit which the rites symbolize is required in every age and of every people. The underlying spirit of Mosaism is the spirit of all true and acceptable worship today.
II. SAMUEL THE MODEL OF WORSHIP AS PRAYER. Probably Samuel is chosen because prayer was recognized as the most marked peculiarity of his life. He would spend nights in prayer. He seems to have had a peculiar cry, or scream, in prayer. Now, prayer is not essential to all worship; but prayer is true worship, because the act and expression of dependence on God is one of our best ways of doing honour to his Name. So the model worship is a holy blending of praise and prayer. - R.T.
Parallel VersesKJV: Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.