And as they thus spoke, Jesus himself stood in the middle of them, and said to them, Peace be to you.…
I. THAT MESSIAH SHOULD SUFFER DEATH.
1. Foretold in the Pentateuch.
(1) Genesis 22:18.
(2) Sacrificial slaying of beasts.
2. Foretold in the Prophets (Isaiah 53.; Daniel 9:25, 26; Zechariah 12:10).
3. Foretold in the Psalms (Psalm 16:9, 10).
II. THAT IT BEHOVED HIM ALSO TO RISE AGAIN.
1. This was first foreshown in the same story of Isaac, wherein his sacrifice or suffering was acted. For from the time that God commanded Isaac to be offered for a burnt-offering, Isaac was a. dead man; but the third day he was released from death. This the text tells us expressly, that it was the third day when Abraham came to Mount Moriah, and had his son, as it were, restored to him again: which circumstance there was no need nor use at all to have noted, had it not been for some mystery. For had there been nothing intended but the naked story, what did it concern us to know whether it were the third or the fifth day that Abraham came to Moriah, where he received his son from death? (see Hebrews 11:17-19). The same was foreshowed by the law of sacrifices, which were to be eaten before the third day. Some sacrifices were to be eaten the same day they were offered; but those which were deferred longest, as the peace-offerings, were to be eaten before the third day. The third day no sacrifice might be eaten, but was to be burnt: if it were eaten, it was not accepted for an atonement. but counted an abomination. Namely, to show that the sacrifice of Messiah, which these sacrifices represented, was to be finished the third day by His rising from the dead: and therefore the type thereof determined within that time,beyond which time it was not accepted for atonement of sin, because then it was no longer a type of Him.
2. As for the prophets, I find no express prediction in them for the time of Christ's rising (for that of the case of the Prophet Jonah, I take to be rather an allusion then a prophecy) only in general, "That Christ should rise again," is implied both in that famous prophecy of Isaiah 53., and that of Zechariah 12:3. I come to the Psalms, where not only His rising again is prophesied of, but the time thereof determined; though at first sight it appears not so: namely, in that fore-alledged passage of the Sixteenth Psalm, "Thou wilt not leave My soul in hell, nor suffer Thine Holy One to see corruption." All men shall rise again, but their bodies must first return to dust, and see corruption. But Messiah was to rise again before He saw corruption. If before, then, the third day at farthest; for then the body naturally begins to see corruption.
Parallel VersesKJV: And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.