And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.
I. Authority of GOODNESS. Invitations. Beatitudes.
II. Authority of GREATNESS. Claims universal audience. Superiority to Jonah, Solomon, and all the great names of the Jewish Church. Teaching declarative and dogmatic.
III. Authority of SOLEMNITY. His peculiar formula. His denunciations of woe.
IV. LEGISLATIVE authority. Revises the Mosaic code. Asserts His superiority to law. Repeals existing economy. Controls laws of nature Himself, and confers the power on others. "I say unto you," His new commandment. Not only enacts laws, but ensures obedience. Conclusion: His teaching exempt from all supposable circumstances unfavourable to authoritative teaching. Taught with the perfect conviction of the truth of His doctrine. His example enforced it. Cordial sympathy with it. Knew the ultimate principles on which His doctrines rested. And the supreme value of the truth He taught. The purity of His motives. The ultimate triumph of His doctrine. All this must have clothed His teaching, especially when contrasted with the prevailing mode of Jewish instruction, with commanding power. His disciples should be distinguished by reverence and docility. These dispositions to be sought and found at the throne of grace.
(J. Harris, D. D.)
Parallel VersesKJV: And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.