I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.
There is the strongest indirect evidence, and not a little direct, that predacious animals have existed from a very early period in the world's history. The struggle for existence and the survival of the fittest mean the suffering and the extinction of the weaker. Read the great stone book of nature, that truth is sculptured deep in its pages in no illegible hieroglyphics. Pain and death, then, if evils, must have been present in the world from the date when organic life, or at any rate animal life, began. The inorganic world being as it is, pain seems to be correlative with sensation, and death is but the end of each individual paragraph in the history; and if this came by either injury or violence, we cannot believe it at any rate to have been altogether painless. Nay, we may go further, and assert that unless we suppose the laws of Nature to have been wholly different from those which now prevail, we cannot understand how organised beings could live without at any rate occasional sensations of discomfort; they must have felt extremes of heat and cold; they must have known hunger and thirst; and what are these but minor degrees of pain? Perfection through suffering is a more general law of nature than we commonly think. At the same time, I fully believe that to the majority of living creatures life brings far more pleasure than pain; indeed, I think there is much reason to suppose that the acuteness with which the latter is felt, and the duration of its memory, is proportional to its possible disciplinary effect.
(T. G. Bonney, D. Sc. , LL. D.)
Parallel VersesKJV: I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.
WEB: I form the light, and create darkness. I make peace, and create calamity. I am Yahweh, who does all these things.