The Cross of Christ Frequently Announced in the Old Testament.
In like manner He points to the cross of Christ in another prophet, who saith, [1605] "And when shall these things be accomplished? And the Lord saith, When a tree shall be bent down, and again arise, and when blood shall flow out of wood." [1606] Here again you have an intimation concerning the cross, and Him who should be crucified. Yet again He speaks of this [1607] in Moses, when Israel was attacked by strangers. And that He might remind them, when assailed, that it was on account of their sins they were delivered to death, the Spirit speaks to the heart of Moses, that he should make a figure of the cross, [1608] and of Him about to suffer thereon; for unless they put their trust in Him, they shall be overcome for ever. Moses therefore placed one weapon above another in the midst of the hill, [1609] and standing upon it, so as to be higher than all the people, he stretched forth his hands, [1610] and thus again Israel acquired the mastery. But when again he let down his hands, they were again destroyed. For what reason? That they might know that they could not be saved unless they put their trust in Him. [1611] And in another prophet He declares, "All day long I have stretched forth My hands to an unbelieving people, and one that gainsays My righteous way." [1612] And again Moses makes a type of Jesus, [signifying] that it was necessary for Him to suffer, [and also] that He would be the author of life [1613] [to others], whom they believed to have destroyed on the cross [1614] when Israel was failing. For since transgression was committed by Eve through means of the serpent, [the Lord] brought it to pass that every [kind of] serpents bit them, and they died, [1615] that He might convince them, that on account of their transgression they were given over to the straits of death. Moreover Moses, when he commanded, "Ye shall not have any graven or molten [image] for your God," [1616] did so that he might reveal a type of Jesus. Moses then makes a brazen serpent, and places it upon a beam, [1617] and by proclamation assembles the people. When, therefore, they were come together, they besought Moses that he would offer sacrifice [1618] in their behalf, and pray for their recovery. And Moses spake unto them, saying, "When any one of you is bitten, let him come to the serpent placed on the pole; and let him hope and believe, that even though dead, it is able to give him life, and immediately he shall be restored." [1619] And they did so. Thou hast in this also [an indication of] the glory of Jesus; for in Him and to Him are all things. [1620] What, again, says Moses to Jesus (Joshua) the son of Nave, when he gave him [1621] this name, as being a prophet, with this view only, that all the people might hear that the Father would reveal all things concerning His Son Jesus to the son [1622] of Nave? This name then being given him when he sent him to spy out the land, he said, "Take a book into thy hands, and write what the Lord declares, that the Son of God will in the last days cut off from the roots all the house of Amalek." [1623] Behold again: Jesus who was manifested, both by type and in the flesh, [1624] is not the Son of man, but the Son of God. Since, therefore, they were to say that Christ was the son [1625] of David, fearing and understanding the error of the wicked, he saith, "The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies Thy footstool." [1626] And again, thus saith Isaiah, "The Lord said to Christ, [1627] my Lord, whose right hand I have holden, [1628] that the nations should yield obedience before Him; and I will break in pieces the strength of kings." [1629] Behold how David calleth Him Lord and the Son of God.


[1605] Cod. Sin. refers this to God, and not to the prophet.

[1606] From some unknown apocryphal book. Hilgenfeld compares Habakkuk 2:11.

[1607] Cod. Sin. reads, "He speaks to Moses."

[1608] Cod. Sin. omits "and."

[1609] Cod. Sin. reads pugmes, which must here be translated "heap" or "mass." According to Hilgenfeld, however, pugme is here equivalent to pugmachia, "a fight." The meaning would then be, that "Moses piled weapon upon weapon in the midst of the battle," instead of "hill" (peges), as above.

[1610] Thus standing in the form of a cross.

[1611] Or, as some read, "in the cross."

[1612] Isaiah 65:2.

[1613] Cod. Sin. has, "and He shall make him alive."

[1614] Literally, "the sign."

[1615] Comp. Numbers 21:6-9; John 3:14-18.

[1616] Deuteronomy 27:15. Cod. Sin. reads, "molten or graven."

[1617] Instead of en doko, "on a beam," Cod. Sin. with other mss. has endoxos, "manifestly," which is adopted by Hilgenfeld.

[1618] Cod. Sin. simply reads, "offer supplication."

[1619] Numbers 21:9.

[1620] Comp. Colossians 1:16.

[1621] Cod. Sin. has the imperative, "Put on him;" but it is connected as above.

[1622] Cod. Sin. closes the sentence with Jesus, and inserts, "Moses said therefore to Jesus."

[1623] Exodus 17:14.

[1624] Comp. 1 Tim. iii. 16.

[1625] That is, merely human: a reference is supposed to the Ebionites.

[1626] Psalm 110:1; Matthew 22:43-45.

[1627] Cod. Sin. corrects "to Cyrus," as LXX.

[1628] Cod. Sin. has, "he has taken hold."

[1629] Isaiah 45:1.

chapter xi baptism and the cross
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