Genesis 42:7
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
When Josephיֹוסֵ֛ף
(yo·v·sef)
3130: "he increases," a son of Jacob, also the name of several Isr.from yasaph
sawוַיַּ֥רְא
(vai·yar·)
7200: to seea prim. root
his brothersאֶחָ֖יו
(e·chav)
251: a brotherfrom an unused word
he recognizedוַיַּכִּרֵ֑ם
(vai·yak·ki·rem;)
5234: to regard, recognizea prim. root
them, but he disguised 
 
5235a: to act or treat as foreign or strange, to disguisedenominative verb from nekar
himself to them and spokeוַיְדַבֵּ֧ר
(vay·dab·ber)
1696: to speaka prim. root
to them harshly.קָשֹׁ֗ות
(ka·sho·vt)
7186: hard, severefrom qashah
And he saidוַיֹּ֤אמֶר
(vai·yo·mer)
559: to utter, saya prim. root
to them, "Whereמֵאַ֣יִן
(me·'a·yin)
370: whence?from ay
have you comeבָּאתֶ֔ם
(ba·tem,)
935: to come in, come, go in, goa prim. root
from?" And they said,וַיֹּ֣אמְר֔וּ
(vai·yo·me·ru,)
559: to utter, saya prim. root
"From the landמֵאֶ֥רֶץ
(me·'e·retz)
776: earth, landa prim. root
of Canaan,כְּנַ֖עַן
(ke·na·'an)
3667a: a son of Ham, also his desc. and their land W. of the Jordanfrom kana
to buyלִשְׁבָּר־
(lish·bar-)
7666: to buy graindenominative verb from sheber
food."אֹֽכֶל׃
(o·chel.)
400: foodfrom akal







KJV Lexicon
And Joseph
Yowceph  (yo-safe')
let him add (or perhaps simply active participle adding); Joseph, the name of seven Israelites -- Joseph.
saw
ra'ah  (raw-aw')
to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative)surely, think, view, visions.
his brethren
'ach  (awkh)
a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like 1) -- another, brother(-ly); kindred, like, other.
and he knew
nakar  (naw-kar')
acknowledge, could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange(-ly).
them but made himself strange
nakar  (naw-kar')
acknowledge, could, deliver, discern, dissemble, estrange, feign self to be another, know, take knowledge (notice), perceive, regard, (have) respect, behave (make) self strange(-ly).
unto them and spake
dabar  (daw-bar')
perhaps properly, to arrange; but used figuratively (of words), to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue
roughly
qasheh  (kaw-sheh')
severe -- churlish, cruel, grievous, hard(-hearted), thing), heavy, + impudent, obstinate, prevailed, rough(-ly), sore, sorrowful, stiff(necked), stubborn, + in trouble.
unto them and he said
'amar  (aw-mar')
to say (used with great latitude)
unto them Whence
'aiyn  (ah-yin')

come
bow'  (bo)
to go or come (in a wide variety of applications)
ye And they said
'amar  (aw-mar')
to say (used with great latitude)
From the land
'erets  (eh'-rets)
the earth (at large, or partitively a land) -- common, country, earth, field, ground, land, natins, way, + wilderness, world.
of Canaan
Kna`an  (ken-ah'-an)
humiliated; Kenaan, a son a Ham; also the country inhabited by him -- Canaan, merchant, traffick.
to buy
shabar  (shaw-bar')
to deal in grain -- buy, sell.
food
'okel  (o'-kel)
food -- eating, food, meal(-time), meat, prey, victuals.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
When Joseph saw his brothers he recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and spoke to them harshly. And he said to them, "Where have you come from?" And they said, "From the land of Canaan, to buy food."

King James Bible
And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he treated them like strangers and spoke harshly to them." Where do you come from?" he asked." From the land of Canaan to buy food," they replied.

International Standard Version
As soon as Joseph saw his brothers, he knew who they were, but he remained disguised and asked them gruffly, "Where are you from?" "From the land of Canaan," they replied. "We're here to buy food."

NET Bible
When Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger to them and spoke to them harshly. He asked, "Where do you come from?" They answered, "From the land of Canaan, to buy grain for food."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
As soon as Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them. But he acted as if he didn't know them and spoke harshly to them. "Where did you come from?" he asked them. "From Canaan, to buy food," they answered.

King James 2000 Bible
And Joseph saw his brothers, and he knew them, but made himself unknown unto them, and spoke roughly unto them; and he said unto them, from where do you come? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
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