Genesis 38:9
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
Onanאֹונָ֔ן
(o·v·nan,)
209: "vigorous," a son of Judahfrom the same as on
knewוַיֵּ֣דַע
(vai·ye·da)
3045: to knowa prim. root
that the offspringהַזָּ֑רַע
(haz·za·ra;)
2233: a sowing, seed, offspringfrom zara
would not be his; so whenאִם־
(im-)
518: ifa prim. conjunction
he wentבָּ֨א
(ba)
935: to come in, come, go in, goa prim. root
in to his brother'sאָחִיו֙
(a·chiv)
251: a brotherfrom an unused word
wife,אֵ֤שֶׁת
(e·shet)
802: woman, wife, femalefrom an unused word
he wastedוְשִׁחֵ֣ת
(ve·shi·chet)
7843: perhaps to go to ruina prim. root
his seed on the groundאַ֔רְצָה
(ar·tzah,)
776: earth, landa prim. root
in order not to giveנְתָן־
(ne·tan-)
5414: to give, put, seta prim. root
offspringזֶ֖רַע
(ze·ra)
2233: a sowing, seed, offspringfrom zara
to his brother.לְאָחִֽיו׃
(le·'a·chiv.)
251: a brotherfrom an unused word









KJV Lexicon
And Onan
'Ownan  (o-nawn')
strong; Onan, a son of Judah -- Onan.
knew
yada`  (yaw-dah')
to know (properly, to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially
that the seed
zera`  (zeh'-rah)
seed; figuratively, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity -- carnally, child, fruitful, seed(-time), sowing-time.
should not be his and it came to pass when
'im  (eem)
used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrog., whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when;
he went in
bow'  (bo)
to go or come (in a wide variety of applications)
unto his brother's
'ach  (awkh)
a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like 1) -- another, brother(-ly); kindred, like, other.
wife
'ishshah  (ish-shaw')
irregular plural, nashiym {naw-sheem'}; a woman
that he spilled
shachath  (shaw-khath')
to decay, i.e. (causatively) ruin -- batter, cast off, corrupt(-er, thing), destroy(-er, -uction), lose, mar, perish, spill, spoiler, utterly, waste(-r).
it on the ground
'erets  (eh'-rets)
the earth (at large, or partitively a land) -- common, country, earth, field, ground, land, natins, way, + wilderness, world.
lest
biltiy  (bil-tee')
a failure of, i.e. (used only as a negative particle, usually with a prepositional prefix) not, except, without, unless, besides, because not, until, etc.
that he should give
nathan  (naw-than')
to give, used with greatest latitude of application (put, make, etc.)
seed
zera`  (zeh'-rah)
seed; figuratively, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity -- carnally, child, fruitful, seed(-time), sowing-time.
to his brother
'ach  (awkh)
a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like 1) -- another, brother(-ly); kindred, like, other.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Onan knew that the offspring would not be his; so when he went in to his brother's wife, he wasted his seed on the ground in order not to give offspring to his brother.

King James Bible
And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his, so whenever he slept with his brother's wife, he released his semen on the ground so that he would not produce offspring for his brother.

International Standard Version
But Onan knew that the offspring wouldn't be his own heir, so whenever he had sexual relations with his brother's wife, he would spill his semen on the ground to avoid fathering offspring for his brother.

NET Bible
But Onan knew that the child would not be considered his. So whenever he had sexual relations with his brother's wife, he withdrew prematurely so as not to give his brother a descendant.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But Onan knew that the descendant wouldn't belong to him, so whenever he slept with his brother's widow, he wasted his semen on the ground to avoid giving his brother a descendant.

King James 2000 Bible
And Onan knew that the descendant would not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give a descendant to his brother.
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