Esther 3:12
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
Then the king'sהַמֶּ֜לֶךְ
(ham·me·lech)
4428: kingfrom an unused word
scribes 
 
5613b: enumerator, secretary, scribefrom the same as sepher
were summonedוַיִּקָּרְאוּ֩
(vai·yik·ka·re·'u)
7121: to call, proclaim, reada prim. root
on the thirteenthבִּשְׁלֹושָׁ֨ה
(bish·lo·v·shah)
7969: a three, triadof uncertain derivation
dayיֹום֮
(yo·vm)
3117: daya prim. root
of the firstהָרִאשֹׁ֗ון
(ha·ri·sho·vn)
7223: former, first, chieffrom rosh
month,בַּחֹ֣דֶשׁ
(ba·cho·desh)
2320: new moon, a monthfrom chadash
and it was writtenוַיִּכָּתֵ֣ב
(vai·yik·ka·tev)
3789: to writea prim. root
justכְּֽכָל־
(ke·chol-)
3605: the whole, allfrom kalal
as Hamanהָמָ֡ן
(ha·man)
2001b: a Pers. leader serving under Ahasuerusof foreign origin
commandedצִוָּ֣ה
(tziv·vah)
6680: to lay charge (upon), give charge (to), command, ordera prim. root
to the king'sהַ֠מֶּלֶךְ
(ham·me·lech)
4428: kingfrom an unused word
satraps,אֲחַשְׁדַּרְפְּנֵֽי־
(a·chash·dar·pe·nei-)
323: satrapsof foreign origin
to the governorsהַפַּחֹ֞ות
(hap·pa·cho·vt)
6346: a governorof foreign origin
whoאֲשֶׁ֣ר
(a·sher)
834: who, which, thata prim. pronoun
were overעַל־
(al-)
5921: upon, above, overfrom alah
eachמְדִינָ֣ה
(me·di·nah)
4082: a provincefrom din
provinceוּמְדִינָ֗ה
(u·me·di·nah)
4082: a provincefrom din
and to the princesשָׂ֤רֵי
(sa·rei)
8269: chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, princefrom an unused word
of eachעַם֙
(am)
5971a: peoplefrom an unused word
people,וָעָ֔ם
(va·'am,)
5971a: peoplefrom an unused word
eachמְדִינָ֤ה
(me·di·nah)
4082: a provincefrom din
provinceוּמְדִינָה֙
(u·me·di·nah)
4082: a provincefrom din
according to its script,כִּכְתָבָ֔הּ
(kich·ta·vah,)
3791: a writingfrom kathab
eachוְעַ֥ם
(ve·'am)
5971a: peoplefrom an unused word
peopleוָעָ֖ם
(va·'am)
5971a: peoplefrom an unused word
according to its language,כִּלְשֹׁונֹ֑ו
(kil·sho·v·nov;)
3956: tonguefrom an unused word
being writtenנִכְתָּ֔ב
(nich·tav,)
3789: to writea prim. root
in the nameבְּשֵׁ֨ם
(be·shem)
8034: a nameof uncertain derivation
of Kingהַמֶּ֤לֶךְ
(ham·me·lech)
4428: kingfrom an unused word
Ahasuerusאֲחַשְׁוֵרֹשׁ֙
(a·chash·ve·rosh)
325: king of Persiaof foreign origin
and sealedוְנֶחְתָּ֖ם
(ve·nech·tam)
2856: to seal, affix a seal, seal upa prim. root
with the king'sהַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃
(ham·me·lech.)
4428: kingfrom an unused word
signet ring.בְּטַבַּ֥עַת
(be·tab·ba·'at)
2885: signet ring, ring, signetfrom taba







KJV Lexicon
Then were the king's
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.
scribes
caphar  (saw-far')
to score with a mark as a tally or record, i.e. (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively, to recount, i.e. celebrate
called
qara'  (kaw-raw')
to call out to (i.e. properly, address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications)
on the thirteenth
shalowsh  (shaw-loshe')
masculine shlowshah {shel-o-shaw'}; or shloshah {shel-o-shaw'}; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multipl.) thrice
`asar  (aw-sawr')
ten (only in combination), i.e. -teen; also (ordinal) -teenth -- (eigh-, fif-, four-, nine-, seven-, six-, thir-)teen(-th), + eleven(-th), + sixscore thousand, + twelve(-th).
day
yowm  (yome)
a day (as the warm hours),
of the first
ri'shown  (ree-shone')
first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun) -- ancestor, (that were) before(-time), beginning, eldest, first, fore(-father) (-most), former (thing), of old time, past.
month
chodesh  (kho'-desh)
the new moon; by implication, a month -- month(-ly), new moon.
and there was written
kathab  (kaw-thab')
to grave, by implication, to write (describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe) -- describe, record, prescribe, subscribe, write(-ing, -ten).
according to all that Haman
Haman  (haw-mawn')
Haman, a Persian vizier -- Haman.
had commanded
tsavah  (tsaw-vaw')
(intensively) to constitute, enjoin -- appoint, (for-)bid, (give a) charge, (give a, give in, send with) command(-er, -ment), send a messenger, put, (set) in order.
unto the king's
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.
lieutenants
'achashdarpan  (akh-ash-dar-pan')
a satrap or governor of a main province (of Persia) -- lieutenant.
and to the governors
pechah  (peh-khaw')
a prefect (of a city or small district) -- captain, deputy, governor.
that were over every province
mdiynah  (med-ee-naw')
a judgeship, i.e. jurisdiction; by implication, a district (as ruled by a judge); generally, a region -- (every) province.
and to the rulers
sar  (sar)
a head person (of any rank or class) -- captain (that had rule), chief (captain), general, governor, keeper, lord, (-task-)master, prince(-ipal), ruler, steward.
of every people
`am  (am)
a people (as a congregated unit); specifically, a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively, a flock -- folk, men, nation, people.
of every province
mdiynah  (med-ee-naw')
a judgeship, i.e. jurisdiction; by implication, a district (as ruled by a judge); generally, a region -- (every) province.
according to the writing
kathab  (kaw-thawb')
something written, i.e. a writing, record or book -- register, scripture, writing.
thereof and to every people
`am  (am)
a people (as a congregated unit); specifically, a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively, a flock -- folk, men, nation, people.
after their language
lashown  (law-shone')
the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water)
in the name
shem  (shame)
an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character -- + base, (in-)fame(-ous), named(-d), renown, report.
of king
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.
Ahasuerus
'Achashverowsh  (akh-ash-vay-rosh')
of Persian origin; Achashverosh (i.e. Ahasuerus or Artaxerxes, but in this case Xerxes), the title (rather than name) of a Persian king -- Ahasuerus.
was it written
kathab  (kaw-thab')
to grave, by implication, to write (describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe) -- describe, record, prescribe, subscribe, write(-ing, -ten).
and sealed
chatham  (khaw-tham')
to close up; especially to seal -- make an end, mark, seal (up), stop.
with the king's
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.
ring
tabba`ath  (tab-bah'-ath)
a seal (as sunk into the wax), i.e. signet (for sealing); hence (generally) a ring of any kind -- ring.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Then the king's scribes were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and it was written just as Haman commanded to the king's satraps, to the governors who were over each province and to the princes of each people, each province according to its script, each people according to its language, being written in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed with the king's signet ring.

King James Bible
Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The royal scribes were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and the order was written exactly as Haman commanded. It was intended for the royal satraps, the governors of each of the provinces, and the officials of each ethnic group and written for each province in its own script and to each ethnic group in its own language. It was written in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed with the royal signet ring.

International Standard Version
The king's scribes were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and all that Haman commanded was written to the regional authorities of the king, to the governors who were over each province, and to the officials of each people. This order was translated in the name of King Ahasuerus into the language of each province and bore the seal of the king's signet ring.

NET Bible
So the royal scribes were summoned in the first month, on the thirteenth day of the month. Everything Haman commanded was written to the king's satraps and governors who were in every province and to the officials of every people, province by province according to its script and people by people according to its language. In the name of King Ahasuerus it was written and sealed with the king's signet ring.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On the thirteenth day of the first month the king's scribes were summoned. All Haman's orders were written to the king's satraps, the governors of every province, and the officials of every people. They wrote to each province in its own script and to the people in each province in their own language. The orders were signed in the name of King Xerxes and sealed with the king's ring.

King James 2000 Bible
Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's satraps, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people according to their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring.
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