1 Samuel 24:3
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
He cameוַ֠יָּבֹא
(vai·ya·vo)
935: to come in, come, go in, goa prim. root
to the sheepfoldsהַצֹּ֤אן
(ha·tzon)
6629: small cattle, sheep and goats, flockfrom an unused word
on the way,הַדֶּ֙רֶךְ֙
(had·de·rech)
1870: way, road, distance, journey, mannerfrom darak
where thereוְשָׁ֣ם
(ve·sham)
8033: there, thithera prim. adverb
[was] a cave;מְעָרָ֔ה
(me·'a·rah,)
4631: a cavefrom an unused word
and Saulשָׁא֖וּל
(sha·'ul)
7586: "asked (of Yah)," first king of Isr., also an Edomite and two Isr.from shaal
wentוַיָּבֹ֥א
(vai·ya·vo)
935: to come in, come, go in, goa prim. root
in to relieveלְהָסֵ֣ךְ
(le·ha·sech)
5526a: to overshadow, screen, covera prim. root
himself. Now Davidוְדָוִד֙
(ve·da·vid)
1732: perhaps "beloved one," a son of Jessefrom the same as dod
and his menוַאֲנָשָׁ֔יו
(va·'a·na·shav,)
376: manfrom an unused word
were sittingיֹשְׁבִֽים׃
(yo·she·vim.)
3427: to sit, remain, dwella prim. root
in the inner recessesבְּיַרְכְּתֵ֥י
(be·yar·ke·tei)
3411: flank, side, extreme parts, recessesfem. of yarek
of the cave.הַמְּעָרָ֖ה
(ham·me·'a·rah)
4631: a cavefrom an unused word









KJV Lexicon
And he came
bow'  (bo)
to go or come (in a wide variety of applications)
to the sheepcotes
gderah  (ghed-ay-raw')
enclosure (especially for flocks) -- (sheep-) cote (fold) hedge, wall.
tso'n  (tsone)
from an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men)
by the way
derek  (deh'-rek)
a road (as trodden); figuratively, a course of life or mode of action, often adverb
where was a cave
m`arah  (meh-aw-raw')
a cavern (as dark) -- cave, den, hole.
and Saul
Sha'uwl  (shaw-ool')
asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites -- Saul, Shaul.
went in
bow'  (bo)
to go or come (in a wide variety of applications)
to cover
cakak  (saw-kak')
to entwine as a screen; by implication, to fence in, cover over, (figuratively) protect -- cover, defence, defend, hedge in, join together, set, shut up.
his feet
regel  (reh'-gel)
a foot (as used in walking); by implication, a step; by euphem. the pudenda -- be able to endure, according as, after, coming, follow, (broken-)foot(-ed, -stool), great toe, haunt, journey, leg, piss, possession, time.
and David
David  (daw-veed')
loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse -- David.
and his men
'enowsh  (en-oshe')
a mortal; hence, a man in general (singly or collectively)English versions, especially when used in apposition with another word.
remained
yashab  (yaw-shab')
to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry
in the sides
yrekah  (yer-ay-kaw')
the flank; but used only figuratively, the rear or recess -- border, coast, part, quarter, side.
of the cave
m`arah  (meh-aw-raw')
a cavern (as dark) -- cave, den, hole.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
He came to the sheepfolds on the way, where there was a cave; and Saul went in to relieve himself. Now David and his men were sitting in the inner recesses of the cave.

King James Bible
And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Saul came to the sheep pens along the road, a cave was there, and he went in to relieve himself. David and his men were staying in the back of the cave,

International Standard Version
He came to the sheepfolds beside the road. There was a cave there, and Saul went in to relieve himself. Now David and his men were sitting in the inner recesses of the cave.

NET Bible
He came to the sheepfolds by the road, where there was a cave. Saul went into it to relieve himself. Now David and his men were sitting in the recesses of the cave.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He came to some sheep pens along the road where there was a cave. Saul went into [it] to relieve himself while David and his men were sitting further back in the cave.

King James 2000 Bible
And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where there was a cave; and Saul went in to relieve himself: and David and his men remained in the recesses of the cave.
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