Paul's Concern for the Jews
1I SPEAK the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost: 2That I have great sadness, and continual sorrow in my heart. 3For I wished myself to be an anathema from Christ, for my brethren, who are my kinsmen according to the flesh, 4Who are Israelites, to whom belongeth the adoption as of children, and the glory, and the testament, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises: 5Whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ, according to the flesh, who is over all things, God blessed for ever. Amen.
God's Sovereign Choice
6Not as though the word of God hath miscarried. For all are not Israelites that are of Israel: 7Neither are all they that are the seed of Abraham, children; but in Isaac shall thy seed be called: 8That is to say, not they that are the children of the flesh, are the children of God; but they, that are the children of the promise, are accounted for the seed. 9For this is the word of promise: According to this time will I come; and Sara shall have a son. 10And not only she. But when Rebecca also had conceived at once, of Isaac our father. 11For when the children were not yet born, nor had done any good or evil (that the purpose of God, according to election, might stand,) 12Not of works, but of him that calleth, it was said to her: The elder shall serve the younger. 13As it is written: Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.
14What shall we say then? Is there injustice with God? God forbid. 15For he saith to Moses: I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy; and I will shew mercy to whom I will shew mercy. 16So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. 17For the scripture saith to Pharao: To this purpose have I raised thee, that I may shew my power in thee, and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth. 18Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will; and whom he will, he hardeneth.
The Calling of the Gentiles
19Thou wilt say therefore to me: Why doth he then find fault? for who resisteth his will? 20O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it: Why hast thou made me thus? 21Or hath not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump, to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour? 22What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath, fitted for destruction, 23That he might shew the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he hath prepared unto glory? 24Even us, whom also he hath called, nor only of the Jews, but also of the Gentiles.
25As in Osee he saith: I will call that which was not my people, my people; and her that was not beloved, beloved; and her that had not obtained mercy, one that hath obtained mercy.
26And it shall be, in the place where it was said unto them, You are not my people; there they shall be called the sons of the living God.
27And Isaias crieth out concerning Israel: If the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved. 28For he shall finish his word, and cut it short in justice; because a short word shall the Lord make upon the earth.
29And as Isaias foretold: Unless the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been made as Sodom, and we had been like unto Gomorrha.
30What then shall we say? That the Gentiles, who followed not after justice, have attained to justice, even the justice that is of faith. 31But Israel, by following after the law of justice, is not come unto the law of justice. 32Why so? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were of works. For they stumbled at the stumblingstone.
33As it is written: Behold I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and a rock of scandal; and whosoever believeth in him shall not be confounded.