The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? answer me.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Matthew 20:23-27.
See on Mt 21:23-27.See Poole on "Mark 11:29"
was it from heaven, or of men? was it of divine or of human institution?
answer me; directly and plainly, without any shuffling, or evasion: it is a fair question, and may be answered; and the answer to it our Lord suggests would naturally lead to a proper one to their question; See Gill on Matthew 21:25.The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? answer me.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Mark 11:30. ἀποκρίθητέ μοι, answer me; spoken in the confident tone of one who knows they cannot and will not try.30. The baptism of John] John was the most recent upholder of the validity of the prophetic order in Israel, and he had distinctly testified to the Messianic authority of our Lord (John 1:29-34; John 1:36); from whom did he receive his commission to baptize? Was it from heaven, or a mere human assumption of his own?Verse 30. - The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men? By the "baptism of John" our Lord means his testimony concerning himself, his doctrine, and nil his preaching. It is a synecdoche - the part put for the whole. The argument is incontrovertible. It is this: "You ask from whence I derive my authority - from God or from men? I in my turn ask you from whom did John the Baptist derive his authority to baptize and to teach? from heaven or from men? If he had it from God, as all will confess, then I too have the same from God; for John testified of me, saying that he was but a servant, the friend of the Bridegroom; but that I was the Messiah, the Son of God: and this too when you sent messengers to him for his special purpose, that you might know from him whether he was the Messias." (See John 1:20; John 10:41.) Answer me. This is characteristic of St. Mark's style, and of our Lord's dignified earnestness.
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