Haydock Catholic Bible Commentary
Figs, which are the worst. (St. Jerome; St. Ambrose in Luke vii. 3.) Yet they were eagerly sought after, before the other figs came to maturity. They had escaped the rigours of winter. Such Christ (Calmet) seemed to expect, Mark xi. 13.
Holy man. Hebrew chasid, (Haydock) "the pious" Assidean, 2 Machabees xiv. 6. The disorder of Israel was great, though some were religious. (Calmet) --- Such expressions only mean that few could be found, and that the far greatest number rejected the prophet's advice. (Worthington)
Giving. Septuagint, "speaks words of peace." He flatters the prince, (Haydock) and dares not oppose the unjust. Syriac, "he says, bring presents." --- Troubled it; or, "have thy?" &c. Hebrew, "they confirm it."
Brier. Hebrew chedek, or "thorn." Septuagint, "a consuming moth." --- Inspection, or of thy chiefs (Haydock) and prophets. (Calmet)
Bosom. In times of general distress, even domestics are not trusted; because all are solicitous for themselves, even to the prejudice of others. (Worthington) --- Before the ruin of Israel civil wars raged, 4 Kings xv. Our Saviour alludes to this passage, Matthew x. 35., Luke xii. 52., and xxi. 16. People will rise up to oppress true believers; and these must abandon their nearest relations, when they prove an obstacle to salvation. Thus is the moral, and the other the literal sense. (Calmet)
She; Babylon, my enemy. (Challoner) --- It was taken by the Medes and Persians, who set the Jews at liberty, to the great mortification of their enemies. (Worthington) --- God thus displayed his justice or mercy, rescuing his people from the nigh[night?] of misery. --- Streets. Cyrus treated the fallen city with contempt. It stood for some time afterwards. (Calmet)
Law of thy enemies, who have tyrannized over thee. (Challoner) --- The walls of Jerusalem are ordered to be rebuilt, Aggeus i.
Fortified. Hebrew also, "Egypt, and from Egypt to the river Euphrates," &c. The Jews shall occupy their ancient limits, Amos viii. 12. (Calmet) --- The fenced cities may be Pelusium, Gaza, Tyre, &c. From all parts the captives shall return. (Haydock) --- They were very numerous under the Machabees, and in the time of Christ. (Calmet)
Land of Babylon, (Challoner) or "the land of Judea (Haydock) has been," &c. It might also be again made desolate, because the captives built houses for themselves, and neglected the temple, Aggeus i. 10.
Alone: destitute of all things, or in full security, Jeremias xv. 17., and Numbers xxiii. 9. God will feed his people (Calmet) in the most fertile places, designated by Carmel and Basan. (Haydock) --- A pastor must maintain sound doctrine and discipline. (Worthington)
Wonders. The prophets speaking of the return, have Christ and his religion in view; so that they seem not to find terms sufficiently magnificent, Isaias ix. 15., and xliii. 16., and Zacharias x. 11. We know from Esdras that nothing so surprising attended the liberation of the people. (Calmet)
Strength, because they cannot overcome the Hebrews or Christians. (Menochius) --- Deaf, being astonished, Job xxi. 5.
Serpents, (Genesis iii. 14.) out of respect or rage. (Calmet) --- Converts shall humbly apply to the ministers of Christ to receive baptism and confirmation. (Theodoret; Sanct. lxvii.)
No more, for past offences. Yet, if they transgress again, they must not expect impunity. The Jews still bleed for the murder of the Messias. (Calmet)
Away. Protestants, "subdue," (Haydock) or trample upon. (Calmet)
Truth, performing what he had promised out of mercy to Abraham. (Worthington)