Haydock Catholic Bible Commentary
Day of vengeance, (Calmet) when the Lord shall judge, (1 Corinthians v. 2.) and Egypt shall fall a prey to the most powerful nation of the Chaldeans. (Worthington)
Ethiopia. Hebrew, "Chus," denoting part of Arabia, or rather Ethiopia.
Lydia. Hebrew, "Phut," near Egypt. (Calmet) --- These troops were paid. (Haydock) --- Chub, in Mareotis. --- Covenant: the Jews or auxiliaries. Septuagint add, "the Persians and Cretans." (Calmet) --- There were Persians in Africa who followed Hercules. (Pliny, [Natural History?] v. 8.)
Messengers; the Chaldeans. (Calmet) --- The Nile was navigable as far as Syene. (St. Jerome)
Dry. The canals were obstructed (Calmet) which rendered cavalry useless. (Herodotus ii. 108.)
Memphis, the capital of Lower Egypt, (Calmet) where the idol or bull (Haydock) Apis was fed. (Calmet) --- Here Amasis overcame Apries. (Herodotus ii. 168.) --- The Chaldeans made war on the gods as well as on the people. --- Prince Amasis was tributary to Babylon. Some of this probably regards the times of Cambyses and Ochus. (Usher, the year of the world 3478 and 3653.) (Calmet) See chap. xxix. 14. (Haydock)
Taphnis, or Tanis, famous for the miracles of Moses. (Calmet) --- Alexandria. In the Hebrew No, which was the ancient name of that city, which was afterwards rebuilt by Alexander the Great, and from his name called Alexandria. (Challoner) --- Septuagint, "Memphis or Diospolis;" (Calmet) or Thebes, capital of Higher Egypt; (Bochart) though it seems rather a maritime town, Nahum iii. 8. (Calmet)
Pelusium. Hebrew Sin, (Haydock) "muddy," has the same import as Greek: pelos. (Calmet) --- The place is now called Damietta. (Haydock)
Darkened: war and misery shall ensue. --- Sceptres, by dethroning Apries. --- Pride; overflowing of the Nile. See Jeremias xlix. 19.
Year, in which Jerusalem was taken. Pharao lost a battle. His country was afterwards invaded, (Calmet) and his subjects rebelled, ver. 21. (Haydock) --- Part of the kingdom had been already subdued, 4 Kings xxiv. 7. (Worthington)