Gaebelein's Annotated Bible
So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it: and they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings before God.
And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, and to record, and to thank and praise the LORD God of Israel:6. The Great Thanksgiving Psalm
1. David’s appointment (1Chronicles 16:4-6)
2. The Psalm of praise and thanksgiving (1Chronicles 16:7-36)
3. The Levites and the public worship (1Chronicles 16:37-43)
A great thanksgiving Psalm was then delivered by David into the hand of Asaph and his brethren. The view of modern critics, that this Psalm is post-exilic, does not call for any refutation, for the text declares that David himself delivered the hymn to Asaph. The Psalm is made up of portions of different Psalms. See Psalm 105:1-15; 96:1-13; 106:47-48; 107:1; 136. A careful study will show the far reaching meaning of this composite Psalm. It is a great prophecy. It begins with the celebration and praise of what Jehovah has done. Israel is called to remember His covenant. It is not the covenant at Sinai, with its conditional promises, but the unconditional, the grace-covenant, made with Abraham, an everlasting covenant that his seed is to have the land. But prophetically the Psalm points to the time when “His judgments are in all the earth”; it is at that time when the covenant made with Abraham will be remembered. Such a time will come according to the prophetic Word. Verse 22, “Touch not Mine anointed, and do My prophets no harm,” speaks of Israel’s preservation; for Israel is His anointed, a kingdom of kings and priests. The day must come when the covenant made with Abraham will be realized and when Israel shall possess the land, after their wanderings from nation to nation (verse 20). Then there will be a throne in Zion and a King shall reign in righteousness, even Christ (Psalm 2).
Then Psalm 96 is quoted. It is a Psalm which looks forward to the kingdom on earth, when the nations acknowledge Jehovah and bow in His presence. The blessed age of glory, of which the prophets have so much to say, the unreached goal of the glorious future of the earth, the millennium, is pictured in this Psalm.
Fear before Him, all the earth
The World is established, it cannot be moved,
Let the heavens be glad,
And let the earth rejoice.
And let them say among the nations,
The LORD reigneth.
Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof,
Let the fields rejoice and all there is therein;
Then shall the trees of the wood sing out,
At the Presence of the LORD,
Because He cometh to judge the earth.
The praise of Israel concludes the thanksgiving Psalm. We repeat, it is prophetic. It looks onward to the time when the Lord will deliver His people, when the promises made to the fathers will all be fulfilled, when the nations of the earth will know the Lord and when He will reign over all. Such is Israel’s future. When He has been merciful to His land and to His people, the nations will rejoice (Deuteronomy 32:43).
At the close of this chapter we notice how King David regulates everything that was to be done before the ark.
“The placing of the ark in the capital of Israel, thus making it ‘the city of God,’ was an event not only of deep national, but of such typical importance, that it is frequently referred to in the sacred songs of the sanctuary. No one will have any difficulty in recognizing Psalm 24 as the hymn composed for this occasion. But other Psalms also refer to it, amongst which, without entering on details that may be profitably studied by each reader, we may mention Psalms 15, 68, 78, and especially Psalm 101, as indicating, so to speak, the moral bearing of the nearness of God’s ark upon the king and his kingdom.”
“Faith, apprehending the counsels and the work of God, could see in the establishment of the ark in Zion, the progress of God’s power and intervention towards the peaceful and glorious reign of the Son of David. The sure mercies of David were as bright to the eye of faith as the dawn of day, in that the ark of the covenant had been set up by David in the mountain which God had chosen for His everlasting rest” (Synopsis of the Bible).