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Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Hebrews harits), a tribulum or sharp threshing sledge; a frame armed on the under side with rollers or sharp spikes (2 Samuel 12:31; 1 Chronicles 20:3).

Hebrews verb sadad, to harrow a field, break its clods (Job 39:10; Isaiah 28:4; Hosea 10:11). Its form is unknown. It may have resembled the instrument still in use in Egypt.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) An implement of agriculture, usually formed of pieces of timber or metal crossing each other, and set with iron or wooden teeth. It is drawn over plowed land to level it and break the clods, to stir the soil and make it fine, or to cover seed when sown.

2. (n.) An obstacle formed by turning an ordinary harrow upside down, the frame being buried.

3. (n.) To draw a harrow over, as for the purpose of breaking clods and leveling the surface, or for covering seed; as, to harrow land.

4. (n.) To break or tear, as with a harrow; to wound; to lacerate; to torment or distress; to vex.

5. (interj.) Help! Halloo! An exclamation of distress; a call for succor;-the ancient Norman hue and cry.

6. (v. t.) To pillage; to harry; to oppress.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

har'-o (sadhadh): Sadhadh occurs in 3 passages (Job 39:10 Isaiah 28:24 Hosea 10:11). In the first 2 it is translated "harrow," in the last "break the clods." That this was a separate operation from plowing, and that it was performed with an instrument drawn by animals, seems certain. As to whether it corresponded to our modern harrowing is a question. The reasons for this uncertainty are:

(1) the ancient Egyptians have left no records of its use;

(2) at the present time, in those parts of Palestine and Syria where foreign methods have not been introduced, harrowing is not commonly known, although the writer has been told that in some districts the ground is leveled after plowing with the threshing-sledge or a log drawn by oxen. Cross-plowing is resorted to for breaking up the lumpy soil, especially where the ground has been baked during the long rainless summer. Lumps not reduced in this way are further broken up with a hoe or pick. See d is always sown before plowing, so that harrowing to cover the seed is unnecessary. See AGRICULTURE. Figuratively used of affliction, discipline, etc. (Isaiah 28:24).

James A. Patch

Strong's Hebrew
7702. sadad -- to harrow
... sadad. 7703 . to harrow. Transliteration: sadad Phonetic Spelling: (saw-dad')
Short Definition: harrow. ... root Definition to harrow NASB Word Usage harrow (3). ...
/hebrew/7702.htm - 5k

2757. charits -- a cut, thing cut, sharp instrument
... Word Origin from charats Definition a cut, thing cut, sharp instrument NASB Word
Usage cuts (1), sharp instruments (1), sharp...instruments (1). cheese, harrow. ...
/hebrew/2757.htm - 6k


Scientific Education: Notes of an After-Dinner Speech.
... And I say it with gratitude and great respect for those eminent persons, that the
head masters of our public schools, Eton, Harrow, Winchester, have addressed ...
/.../huxley/lay sermons addresses and reviews/iv scientific education notes of.htm

Spiritual Farming --No. 4 Sowing.
... No preacher has done his work thoroughly who does not use the harrow. There are
some so-called teachers, who don't know what the gospel harrow is. ...
/.../champness/broken bread/xi spiritual farmingno 4 sowing.htm

The Word Success Can of Course be Used in Two Senses. ...
... education has been working, in the sense that the fresh-faced, foolish boy in "Etons"
does embody the ideal for which the headmasters of Harrow and Winchester ...
/.../chesterton/whats wrong with the world/chapter 37 the word success.htm

How to Work for God with Success.
... You must plough and harrow and put your seed in carefully, and in proper proportion,
and at the right time, and then you must water and weed and wait for the ...
//christianbookshelf.org/booth/godliness/chapter ix how to work.htm

In Travel-Worn Garb Vergilius Went Early to See the King. ...
... The harrow of pain and passion had roughened his face with wrinkles. His manner
was alert and watchful. "Have you seen my son?" he inquired, quickly. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/bacheller/vergilius/chapter 13 in travel-worn garb.htm

There is one Thing at Least of which There is Never So Much as A.. ...
... There must be an educational specialist in loco parentis. But the master at Harrow
is in loco parentis; the master in Hoxton is rather contra parentem. ...
/.../chesterton/whats wrong with the world/chapter 40 there is one.htm

For this Deep and Disabling Reason Therefore, Its Cynical and ...
... In the elementary schools we have all the ethical prejudices and exaggerations of
Eton and Harrow carefully copied for people to whom they do not even roughly ...
/.../chesterton/whats wrong with the world/chapter 39 for this deep.htm

The Religion of Man
... Now just so do many people smooth down and harrow their souls with confessions and
penances and religious doings, but the evil roots of noisome weeds are left ...
/.../bevan/three friends of god/chapter xxi the religion of.htm

A Present Religion
... The thought of slain bodies and of murdered men must always harrow up the soul;
but because we hear of these things in the distance, there are few Englishmen ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 4 1858/a present religion.htm

To the Venerable Religious, Brother Antonio of Nizza, of the Order ...
... So many a time the soul receives consolation, and then later feels itself deprived
thereof by God; and another experience will harrow it, which will give less ...
/.../benincasa/letters of catherine benincasa/to the venerable religious brother.htm

Drag (19 Occurrences)
... 3. (vt) To break, as land, by drawing a drag or harrow over it; to harrow; to draw
a drag along the bottom of, as a stream or other water; hence, to search, as ...
/d/drag.htm - 14k

Bush (14 Occurrences)
... 8. (vt) To use a bush harrow on (land), for covering seeds sown; to harrow with
a bush; as, to bush a piece of land; to bush seeds into the ground. ...
/b/bush.htm - 19k

... When the soil was prepared, the seed was sown broadcast over the field (Matthew
13:3-8). The "harrow" mentioned in Job 39:10 was not used to cover the seeds ...
/a/agriculture.htm - 27k

Harrow (3 Occurrences)
... 20:3). Hebrews verb sadad, to harrow a field, break its clods (Job 39:10;
Isaiah 28:4; Hosea 10:11). Its form is unknown. It may ...
/h/harrow.htm - 10k

Unicorn (6 Occurrences)
... (KJV WBS). Job 39:10 Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow?
or will he harrow the valleys after thee? (KJV WBS). ...
/u/unicorn.htm - 10k

Wild-ox (6 Occurrences)
... (See JPS ASV). Job 39:10 Canst thou bind the wild-ox with his band in the furrow?
Or will he harrow the valleys after thee? (See JPS ASV). ...
/w/wild-ox.htm - 7k

Fallow (5 Occurrences)
... 6. (n.) To plow, harrow, and break up, as land, without seeding, for the purpose
of destroying weeds and insects, and rendering it mellow; as, it is profitable ...
/f/fallow.htm - 9k

Tormentor (1 Occurrence)
... 2. (n.) An implement for reducing a stiff soil, resembling a harrow, but running
upon wheels. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. TORMENTOR. ...
/t/tormentor.htm - 7k

Reem (5 Occurrences)
... Doth he lodge by thy crib? (YLT). Job 39:10 Dost thou bind a Reem in a furrow
'with' his thick band? Doth he harrow valleys after thee? (YLT). ...
/r/reem.htm - 7k

Ploweth (2 Occurrences)
... Sheol. (ASV). Isaiah 28:24 Doth he that ploweth to sow plow continually?
doth he 'continually' open and harrow his ground? (ASV). ...
/p/ploweth.htm - 6k

Bible Concordance
Harrow (3 Occurrences)

Job 39:10 Canst thou bind the unicorn with his band in the furrow? or will he harrow the valleys after thee?

Isaiah 28:24 Is the plowman never done with plowing to sow, with the opening and harrowing of his ground?

Hosea 10:11 And Ephraim 'is' a trained heifer -- loving to thresh, And I -- I have passed over on the goodness of its neck, I cause 'one' to ride Ephraim, Plough doth Judah, harrow for him doth Jacob.



Harrow: An Agricultural Implement Used As an Instrument of Torture

Related Terms

Bush (14 Occurrences)


Harrow (3 Occurrences)

Unicorn (6 Occurrences)

Wild-ox (6 Occurrences)

Fallow (5 Occurrences)

Tormentor (1 Occurrence)

Reem (5 Occurrences)

Ploweth (2 Occurrences)

Plowing (9 Occurrences)

Brake (80 Occurrences)

Buffalo (5 Occurrences)

Clod (1 Occurrence)

Canst (62 Occurrences)

Harrowing (1 Occurrence)

Bind (68 Occurrences)

Thick (129 Occurrences)

Harness (9 Occurrences)

Harried (1 Occurrence)

Harry (1 Occurrence)

Harroweth (1 Occurrence)

Goodness (83 Occurrences)

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