Psalm 105:39
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He spread out a cloud as a covering, and a fire to give light at night.

New Living Translation
The LORD spread a cloud above them as a covering and gave them a great fire to light the darkness.

English Standard Version
He spread a cloud for a covering, and fire to give light by night.

New American Standard Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to illumine by night.

King James Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He spread a cloud as a covering and gave a fire to light up the night.

International Standard Version
He spread out a cloud for a cover, and fire for light at night.

NET Bible
He spread out a cloud for a cover, and provided a fire to light up the night.

New Heart English Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering, fire to give light in the night.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He spread a cloud before them and it shaded them, and fire to give light in the night.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He spread out a cloud as a protective covering and a fire to light up the night.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He spread a cloud for a screen; And fire to give light in the night.

New American Standard 1977
He spread a cloud for a covering,
            And fire to illumine by night.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He spread a cloud for a covering and fire to give light in the night.

King James 2000 Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

American King James Version
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

American Standard Version
He spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to give light in the night.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He spread a cloud for their protection, and fire to give them light in the night.

Darby Bible Translation
He spread a cloud for a covering, and fire to give light in the night.

English Revised Version
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

Webster's Bible Translation
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

World English Bible
He spread a cloud for a covering, fire to give light in the night.

Young's Literal Translation
He hath spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to enlighten the night.
Study Bible
Tell of His Wonderful Works!
38Egypt was glad when they departed, For the dread of them had fallen upon them. 39He spread a cloud for a covering, And fire to illumine by night. 40They asked, and He brought quail, And satisfied them with the bread of heaven.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 10:1
I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and that they all passed through the sea.

Exodus 13:21
The LORD was going before them in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night.

Exodus 40:38
For throughout all their journeys, the cloud of the LORD was on the tabernacle by day, and there was fire in it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel.

Nehemiah 9:12
"And with a pillar of cloud You led them by day, And with a pillar of fire by night To light for them the way In which they were to go.

Job 26:9
"He obscures the face of the full moon And spreads His cloud over it.

Psalm 78:14
Then He led them with the cloud by day And all the night with a light of fire.

Isaiah 4:5
then the LORD will create over the whole area of Mount Zion and over her assemblies a cloud by day, even smoke, and the brightness of a flaming fire by night; for over all the glory will be a canopy.
Treasury of Scripture

He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

spread

Psalm 78:14 In the daytime also he led them with a cloud, and all the night with …

Exodus 13:21,22 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead …

Exodus 14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked to …

Numbers 9:15-22 And on the day that the tabernacle was reared up the cloud covered …

Nehemiah 9:12,19 Moreover you led them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night …

Isaiah 4:5 And the LORD will create on every dwelling place of mount Zion, and …

1 Corinthians 10:1,2 Moreover, brothers, I would not that you should be ignorant, how …

(39) Cloud.--As in Isaiah 4:5. The reason assigned for the cloud in the historical books is lost sight of. Instead of a pillar marking the line of march, or as a protection against the pursuing foe, it is a canopy for protection from the sun. Sir Walter Scott expresses the same idea in Rebecca's hymn.

Verse 39. - He spread a cloud for a covering. The "pillar of the cloud" is intended. It was a "covering" to the Israelites on the night of the passage of the Red Sea (Exodus 14:19, 20), and perhaps also to some extent in the wilderness, when it may have sheltered them from the sun's rays (Hengstenberg); but its main purpose was to direct them on their way (Exodus 14:21), to tell them when to move and when to step, and how long to stop (Exodus 40:36-38). And fire to give light in the night. By night the "pillar of the cloud" became a "pillar of fire," shedding a certain radiance around, and giving the people under all circumstances sufficient light (Exodus 13:21; Exodus 40:38). He spread a cloud for a covering,.... That is, the Lord spread one over their heads as an "umbrella", to protect them from the heat of the sun; this refers to the pillar of cloud, Exodus 13:20, though that seems to have been in an erect posture, and to go before the children of Israel to direct them in their journey, and not a covering to them. Kimchi says it was a covering to them when they rested, but not when they journeyed: but when they rested it only covered the tabernacle, not the people, for anything we read of it, Numbers 9:21, it looks as if there were more clouds than one, and indeed the Jews speak of many, and particularly make mention (e) of one that was over the heads of the Israelites, that the heat of the sun, and the hail and rain, might not have power over them; and of such use this cloud was, at least at certain times, if not always; a type of Christ, who is the covering and shelter of his people from the heat of the fiery law, of the flaming sword of justice, of the wrath of God, of the fiery darts of Satan, and of the fury of wicked men.

And fire, to give light in the night: this respects the pillar of fire which gave them light by night; an emblem of Christ, who is the light of his people, when it is a night season with them, as it sometimes is; a night of affliction and distress, of darkness and desertion, of temptation, of carnal security and sleepiness; when Christ arises as a light in darkness, and enlightens by his presence, by his Spirit, and by his word; as well as is as fire to warm, refresh, quicken, and comfort them when chill and cold, in such seasons.

(e) Vid. Targum in Cant. ii. 6. 39 He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.

40 The people asked, and he brought quails, and satisfied them with the of heaven.

41 He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry like a river.

42 For he remembered his holy promise, and Abraham his servant.

43 And he brought forth his people with joy, and his chosen with gladness:

44 And gave them the lands of the heathen and they inherited the labour of the people;

45 That they might observe his statutes, and keep his laws. Praise ye the Lord.

Psalm 105:39

"He spread a cloud for a covering." Never people Were so favoured. What would not travellers in the desert now give for such a canopy? The sun could not scorch them with its burning ray; their whole camp was screened like a king in his pavilion. Nothing seemed to be too good for God to give his chosen nation, their comfort was studied in every way. "And fire to give light in the night." While cities were swathed in darkness, their town of tents enjoyed a light which modern art with all its appliances cannot equal. God himself was their sun and shield, their glory and their defence. Could they be unbelieving while so graciously shaded, or rebellious while they walked at midnight in such a light? Alas, the tale of their sin is as extraordinary as this story of his love; but this Psalm selects the happier theme and dwells only upon covenant love and faithfulness. O give thanks unto the Lord for he is good. We, too, have found the Lord all this to us, for he has been our sun and shield, and has preserved us alike from the perils of ivys and the evils of grief;

"He hath been my joy in woe,

Cheered my heart when it was low;

And with warnings softly sad

Calm'd my heart when it was glad."

So has the promise been fulfilled to us, "the sun shall not hurt thee by day, nor the moon by night."

continued...39. covering—in sense of protection (compare Ex 13:21; Nu 10:34). In the burning sands of the desert the cloud protected the congregation from the heat of the sun; an emblem of God's protecting favor of His people, as interpreted by Isaiah (Isa 4:5, 6; compare Nu 9:16).105:24-45 As the believer commonly thrives best in his soul when under the cross; so the church also flourishes most in true holiness, and increases in number, while under persecution. Yet instruments shall be raised up for their deliverance, and plagues may be expected by persecutors. And see the special care God took of his people in the wilderness. All the benefits bestowed on Israel as a nation, were shadows of spiritual blessings with which we are blessed in Christ Jesus. Having redeemed us with his blood, restored our souls to holiness, and set us at liberty from Satan's bondage, he guides and guards us all the way. He satisfies our souls with the bread of heaven, and the water of life from the Rock of salvation, and will bring us safely to heaven. He redeems his servants from all iniquity, and purifies them unto himself, to be a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
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