|New International Version (© 2011)|
Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.
King James Bible
Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
American Standard Version
So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardeneth.
Young's Literal Translation
so, then, to whom He willeth, He doth kindness, and to whom He willeth, He doth harden.
Romans 9:18 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will - This is the apostle's conclusion from the facts already laid down: that God, according to his own will and wisdom, in perfect righteousness, bestows mercy; that is to say, his blessings upon one part of mankind, (the Jews of old, and the Gentiles of the present time), while he suffers another part (the Egyptians of old, and the Jews of the present day) to go on in the abuse of his goodness and forbearance, hardening themselves in sin, till he brings upon them a most just and exemplary punishment, unless this be prevented by their deep repentance and general return to God through Jesus the promised, the real Messiah.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Romans 9:15,16 For he said to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion...
Romans 5:20,21 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound...
Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he has made us accepted in the beloved.
Romans 1:24-28 Why God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonor their own bodies between themselves...
Romans 11:7,8 What then? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks for; but the election has obtained it, and the rest were blinded...
Exodus 4:21 And the LORD said to Moses, When you go to return into Egypt, see that you do all those wonders before Pharaoh...
Exodus 7:13 And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he listened not to them; as the LORD had said.
Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD your God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate...
Joshua 11:20 For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly...
Isaiah 63:17 O LORD, why have you made us to err from your ways, and hardened our heart from your fear? Return for your servants' sake...
Matthew 13:14,15 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which said, By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand...
Acts 28:26-28 Saying, Go to this people, and say, Hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing you shall see, and not perceive...
2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all delusion of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth...
Romans 9:18 Parallel CommentariesChooses Desires Hard Harden Hardeneth Hardens Heart Kindness Makes Mercy Pleasure Proof Shews Shows Wants Wherever Whomever Willeth WillsChooses Desires Hard Harden Hardeneth Hardens Heart Kindness Makes Mercy Pleasure Proof Shews Shows Wants Wherever Whomever Willeth WillsTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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Exodus 4:21 The LORD said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.
Exodus 7:3 But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in Egypt,
Exodus 9:12 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart and he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said to Moses.
Exodus 10:1 Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his officials so that I may perform these signs of mine among them
Exodus 10:20 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let the Israelites go.
Exodus 10:27 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he was not willing to let them go.
Exodus 11:10 Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let the Israelites go out of his country.