render, therefore, to all their dues; to whom tribute, the tribute; to whom custom, the custom; to whom fear, the fear; to whom honour, the honour.
Romans 13:7 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Render therefore to all their dues - This is an extensive command. Be rigidly just; withhold neither from the king nor his ministers, nor his officers of justice and revenue, nor from even the lowest of the community, what the laws of God and your country require you to pay.
Tribute to whom tribute - Φορον· This word probably means such taxes as were levied on persons and estates.
Custom to whom custom - Τελος· This word probably means such duties as were laid upon goods, merchandise, etc., on imports and exports; what we commonly call custom. Kypke on this place has quoted some good authorities for the above distinction and signification. Both the words occur in the following quotation from Strabo: Αναγκη γαρ μειουσθαι τα τελη, φορων επιβαλλομενων· It is necessary to lessen the Customs, if Taxes be imposed. Strabo, lib. ii., page 307. See several other examples in Kypke.
Fear to whom fear - It is likely that the word φοβον, which we translate fear, signifies that reverence which produces obedience. Treat all official characters with respect, and be obedient to your superiors.
Honour to whom honor - The word τιμην may here mean that outward respect which the principle reverence, from which it springs, will generally produce. Never behave rudely to any person; but behave respectfully to men in office: if you cannot even respect the man - for an important office may be filled by an unworthy person - respect the office, and the man on account of his office. If a man habituate himself to disrespect official characters, he will soon find himself disposed to pay little respect or obedience to the laws themselves.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Luke 20:25 And he said to them, Render therefore to Caesar the things which be Caesar's, and to God the things which be God's.
Leviticus 19:3 You shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.
1 Samuel 12:18 So Samuel called to the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.
Proverbs 24:21 My son, fear you the LORD and the king: and meddle not with them that are given to change:
Ephesians 5:33 Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband.
Ephesians 6:5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart...
1 Peter 2:18 Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the fraudulent.
Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother: that your days may be long on the land which the LORD your God gives you.
Leviticus 19:32 You shall rise up before the hoary head, and honor the face of the old man, and fear your God: I am the LORD.
Ephesians 6:2,3 Honor your father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise...
1 Timothy 5:13,17 And with they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies...
1 Timothy 6:1 Let as many servants as are under the yoke count their own masters worthy of all honor...
1 Peter 2:17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.
1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, you husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving honor to the wife, as to the weaker vessel...
Romans 13:7 Parallel CommentariesCustom Customs Due Dues Fear Honor Honour Owe Pay Payment Promptly Render Respect Right Tax Taxes Toll TributeCustom Customs Due Dues Fear Honor Honour Owe Pay Payment Promptly Render Respect Right Tax Taxes Toll TributeTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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