and it was given to them that they may not kill them, but that they may be tormented five months, and their torment is as the torment of a scorpion, when it may strike a man;
Revelation 9:5 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
To them it was given - That is, they were permitted.
That they should be tormented five months - Some take these months literally, and apply them to the conduct of the Zealots who, from May to September, in the year of the siege, produced dreadful contests among the people; or to the afflictions brought upon the Jews by Cestius Gallus, when he came against Jerusalem, before which he lay one whole summer, or nearly five months - See Joseph., Bell. Jud., l. ii. c. 19.
Others consider the months as being prophetical months, each day being reckoned for a year; therefore this period must amount to one hundred and fifty years, counting thirty days to each month, as was the general custom of the Asiatics.
Their torment was as the torment of a scorpion - The phraseology here is peculiar, and probably refers to the warlike weapon called a scorpion, several of which, or men armed with them, Cestius Gallus brought with him in his army.
Isidore describes this scorpion thus: Scorpio est sagitta venenata arcu vel tormentis excussa, quea, dum ad hominem venerit, virus qua figit infundit; unde et scorpio nomen accepit. "The scorpion is a poisoned arrow shot from a bow or other instrument, which, when it wounds a man, deposits the poison with which it is covered in the wound; whence it has the name of scorpion." Seneca, in his Hercules Oetaeus, act iv., ver. 1218, describes the torment which is occasioned by this species of poisoned arrow: -
Heu qualis intus scorpius, quis fervida
Plaga revulsus cancer infixus meas
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Revelation 13:5,7 And there was given to him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given to him to continue forty and two months...
Daniel 5:18-22 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honor...
Daniel 7:6 After this I beheld, and see another, like a leopard, which had on the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads...
John 19:11 Jesus answered, You could have no power at all against me, except it were given you from above...
they should not. That is, should not kill them as a political body, state, or empire; and accordingly, however they desolated the Greek and Latin churches, they could not extirpate them, nor gain possession of the empire.
Revelation 11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them...
Job 2:6 And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, he is in your hand; but save his life.
they should be.
Revelation 9:10 And they had tails like to scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power was to hurt men five months.
five. Five prophetical months, each consisting of
30 days, and each day denoting a year, amount to
150 years; and accordingly, from the time that Mohammed began to propagate his imposture A.D.
612, the building of Bagdad, when they ceased from their ravages, A.D.
763, are just
and their. See on ver.
Revelation 9:3 And there came out of the smoke locusts on the earth: and to them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.
Revelation 9:5 Parallel CommentariesAgony Allowed Awful Cause Death Five Great Inflicts Kill Mission Months Orders Pain Permitted Power Scorpion Sting Stings Strike Strikes Striketh Suffered Torment Tormented Torture WoundAgony Allowed Awful Cause Death Five Great Inflicts Kill Mission Months Orders Pain Permitted Power Scorpion Sting Stings Strike Strikes Striketh Suffered Torment Tormented Torture WoundTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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