Thou hast given to those fearing thee an ensign. To be lifted up as an ensign Because of truth. Selah.
Psalm 60:4 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Thou hast given a banner - נס nes, a sign, something that was capable of being fixed on a pole.
That it may be displayed - להתנוסס lehithnoses, that it may be unfurled.
Because of the truth - מפני קשט mippeney koshet, from the face of truth; which has been thus paraphrased: If we have displayed the ensign of Israel, and gone forth against these our enemies, who have now made such a terrible breach among us, (Psalm 60:1-3), it was because of thy truth - the promises of victory which we supposed would attend us at all times.
Mr. Mudge, thus: "Thou givest to them that fear thee a signal to be displayed before the truth. That thy favored ones may be delivered, clothe thy right arm with victory, and answer us. God speaketh in his sanctuary, I will exult; I shall portion out Shechem, and measure the valley of Succoth." The fourth verse seems to mean that God had appointed for the consolation of his people a certain signal of favor, with which therefore he prays him to answer them. This, accordingly, he does. God speaketh in his sanctuary, called rybd debir or oracle for that very reason. What he desires then, as he stands imploring the mercy of God before the oracle, is, that he may see the usual signal of favor proceed from it; a voice, perhaps joined with some luminous emanations, whence the phrase of the light of God's countenance. The expression in the sixth verse seems to be proverbial, and means, "I shall divide the spoils of my enemies with as much ease as the sons of Jacob portioned out Shechem, and measured out for their tents the valley of Succoth." Mr. Harmer gives a very ingenious illustration of the giving the banner. "Albertus Aquensis informs us that when Jerusalem was taken in 1099 by the crusaders, about three hundred Saracens got on the roof of a very high building, and earnestly begged for quarter; but could not be induced by any promises of safety to come down, till they had received the banner of Tanered, one of the crusade generals, as a pledge of life. The event showed the faithlessness of these zealots, they put the whole to the sword. But the Saracens surrendering themselves upon the delivering of a standard to them, proves in how strong a light they looked upon the giving a banner, since it induced them to trust it, when they would not trust any promises. Perhaps the delivery of a banner was anciently esteemed in like manner an obligation to protect; and the psalmist might here consider it in this light when he says, Thou hast shown thy people hard things; but thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee. Though thou didst for a time give up thy Israel into the hands of their enemies, thou hast now given them an assurance of thy having received them under thy protection. Thus God gave them a banner or standard that it might be displayed, or lifted up; or rather, that they may lift up a banner to themselves, or encourage themselves with the confident persuasion that they are under the protection of God: because of the truth - the word of promise, which is an assurance of protection - like the giving me and my people a banner, the surest of pledges." - Harmer's Observations. See at the end of the chapter.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalm 20:5 We will rejoice in your salvation, and in the name of our God we will set up our banners: the LORD fulfill all your petitions.
Exodus 17:15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:
Songs 2:4 He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.
Isaiah 11:12 And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel...
Isaiah 49:22 Thus said the Lord GOD, Behold, I will lift up my hand to the Gentiles, and set up my standard to the people...
Isaiah 59:19 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun...
Psalm 12:1,2 Help, LORD; for the godly man ceases; for the faithful fail from among the children of men...
Psalm 45:4 And in your majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness...
Isaiah 59:14,15 And judgment is turned away backward, and justice stands afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter...
Jeremiah 5:1-3 Run you to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if you can find a man...
Psalm 60:4 Parallel CommentariesBanner Bow Displayed Ensign Fear Fearing Flight Lifted Raised Rally Safe Selah TruthBanner Bow Displayed Ensign Fear Fearing Flight Lifted Raised Rally Safe Selah TruthTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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