from wine and strong drink he doth keep separate; vinegar of wine, and vinegar of strong drink he doth not drink, and any juice of grapes he doth not drink, and grapes moist or dry he doth not eat;
Numbers 6:3 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
No vinegar of wine, etc. - חמץ chomets signifies fermented wine, and is probably used here to signify wine of a strong body, or any highly intoxicating liquor. Dr. Lightfoot supposes that the Leper being the most defiled and loathsome of creatures, was an emblem of the wretched, miserable state of man by the fall; and that the Nazarite was the emblem of man in his state of innocence. Wine and grapes are here particularly forbidden to the Nazarite because, as the doctor thinks, being an emblem of man in his paradisiacal state, he was forbidden that tree and its fruits by eating of which Adam fell; for the doctor, as well as the Jewish rabbins, believed the tree of knowledge to have been none other than the vine.
Vinegar of strong drink - See the note on Leviticus 10:9.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
besides the religious nature of this institution, it seems to have been partly of a civil and prudential use. The sobriety and temperance which the Nazarites were obliged to observe were very conductive to health. Accordingly, they were celebrated for their fair and ruddy complexion; being said to be both whiter than milk and more ruddy than rubies; the sure signs of a sound and healthy constitution. It may here be observed, that when God intended to raise up Samson, by his strength of body, to scourge the enemies of Israel, he ordered, that from his infancy he should drink no wine, but live by the rule of the Nazarites, because that would greatly contribute to make him strong and healthy; intending, after nature had done her utmost to form this extraordinary instrument of his providence, to supply her defect by his own supernatural power.
Leviticus 10:9 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, you, nor your sons with you, when you go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die...
Judges 13:14 She may not eat of any thing that comes of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing...
Proverbs 31:4,5 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink...
Jeremiah 35:6-8 But they said, We will drink no wine: for Jonadab the son of Rechab our father commanded us, saying, You shall drink no wine...
Amos 2:12 But you gave the Nazarites wine to drink; and commanded the prophets, saying, Prophesy not.
Luke 1:15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink...
Luke 7:33,34 For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and you say, He has a devil...
Luke 21:34 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...
Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;
1 Thessalonians 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.
1 Timothy 5:23 Drink no longer water, but use a little wine for your stomach's sake and your often infirmities.
Numbers 6:3 Parallel CommentariesDried Drink Eat Fermented Fresh Grape Grapes Green Juice Liquor Moist Separate Strong Vinegar Whether WineDried Drink Eat Fermented Fresh Grape Grapes Green Juice Liquor Moist Separate Strong Vinegar Whether WineTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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