Matthew 5:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now when Jesus saw the crowds, he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him,

King James Bible
And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him:

Darby Bible Translation
But seeing the crowds, he went up into the mountain, and having sat down, his disciples came to him;

World English Bible
Seeing the multitudes, he went up onto the mountain. When he had sat down, his disciples came to him.

Young's Literal Translation
And having seen the multitudes, he went up to the mount, and he having sat down, his disciples came to him,

Matthew 5:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And seeing the multitudes - Τους οχλους, these multitudes, viz. those mentioned in the preceding verse, which should make the first verse of this chapter.

He went up into a mountain - That he might have the greater advantage of speaking, so as to be heard by that great concourse of people which followed him. It is very probable that nothing more is meant here than a small hill or eminence. Had he been on a high mountain they could not have heard; and, had he been at a great distance, he would not have sat down. See the note on Matthew 5:14.

And when he was set - The usual posture of public teachers among the Jews, and among many other people. Hence sitting was a synonymous term for teaching among the rabbins.

His disciples - The word μαθητης signifies literally a scholar. Those who originally followed Christ, considered him in the light of a Divine teacher; and conscious of their ignorance, and the importance of his teaching, they put themselves under his tuition, that they might be instructed in heavenly things. Having been taught the mysteries of the kingdom of God, they became closely attached to their Divine Master, imitating his life and manners; and recommending his salvation to all the circle of their acquaintance. This is still the characteristic of a genuine disciple of Christ.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

seeing.

Matthew 4:25 And there followed him great multitudes of people from Galilee, and from Decapolis, and from Jerusalem, and from Judaea...

Matthew 13:2 And great multitudes were gathered together to him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.

Mark 4:1 And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered to him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship...

he went.

Matthew 15:29 And Jesus departed from there, and came near to the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there.

Mark 3:13,20 And he goes up into a mountain, and calls to him whom he would: and they came to him...

John 6:2,3 And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased...

his.

Matthew 4:18-22 And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brothers, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea...

Matthew 10:2-4 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee...

Luke 6:13-16 And when it was day, he called to him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles...

Library
Agree with Thine Adversary
Eversley, 1861. Windsor Castle, 1867. St. Matthew v. 25, 26. "Agree with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing." This parable our Lord seems to have spoken at least twice, as He did several others. For we find it also in the 12th
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

Salt Without Savour
'Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.'--MATT. v. 13. These words must have seemed ridiculously presumptuous when they were first spoken, and they have too often seemed mere mockery and irony in the ages since. A Galilean peasant, with a few of his rude countrymen who had gathered round him, stands up there on the mountain, and says to them, 'You,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Lamp and the Bushel
'Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 15. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. 16. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.'--Matt. v. 14-16. The conception of the office of Christ's disciples contained in these words is a still bolder one than that expressed by the preceding metaphor, which
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The New Form of the Old Law
'Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. 18. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 19. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20. For I say
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Matthew 5:2
and he began to teach them. He said:

Mark 3:13
Jesus went up on a mountainside and called to him those he wanted, and they came to him.

Luke 6:12
One of those days Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray, and spent the night praying to God.

Luke 6:17
He went down with them and stood on a level place. A large crowd of his disciples was there and a great number of people from all over Judea, from Jerusalem, and from the coastal region around Tyre and Sidon,

Luke 6:20
Looking at his disciples, he said: "Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.

Luke 9:28
About eight days after Jesus said this, he took Peter, John and James with him and went up onto a mountain to pray.

John 6:3
Then Jesus went up on a mountainside and sat down with his disciples.

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