and his fame went forth to all Syria, and they brought to him all having ailments, pressed with manifold sicknesses and pains, and demoniacs, and lunatics, and paralytics, and he healed them.
Matthew 4:24 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Sick people - Τους, κακως εχοντας, those who felt ill - were afflicted with any species of malady.
And torments - βασανοις, from βασανιζω, to examine by torture, such as cholics, gouts, and rheumatisms, which racked every joint.
Possessed with devils - Daemoniacs. Persons possessed by evil spirits. This is certainly the plain obvious meaning of daemoniac in the Gospels.
Many eminent men think that the sacred writers accommodated themselves to the unfounded prejudices of the common people, in attributing certain diseases to the influence of evil spirits, which were merely the effects of natural causes: but that this explanation can never comport with the accounts given of these persons shall be proved as the places occur.
Our common version, which renders the word, those possessed by devils, is not strictly correct; as the word devil, διαβολος, is not found in the plural in any part of the Sacred Writings, when speaking of evil spirits: for though there are multitudes of daemons, Mark 5:9, yet it appears there is but one Devil, who seems to be supreme, or head, over all the rest. Διαβολος signifies an accuser or slanderer, 1 Timothy 3:11; 2 Timothy 3:3; Titus 2:3. Perhaps Satan was called so,
1st. because he accused or slandered God in paradise, as averse from the increase of man's knowledge and happiness, Genesis 3:5; John 8:44; and
2dly. because he is the accuser of men, Revelation 12:9, Revelation 12:10. See also Job 1:2.
The word comes from δια, through, and βαλλειν, to cast, or shoot, because of the influence of his evil suggestions; compared, Ephesians 6:16, to fiery darts; and thus it is nearly of the same meaning with ο πειραζων, he who pierces through. See on Matthew 4:3 (note).
Lunatic - Persons afflicted with epileptic or other disorders, which are always known to have a singular increase at the change and full of the moon. This undoubtedly proceeds from the superadded attractive influence of the sun and moon upon the earth's atmosphere, as, in the periods mentioned above, these two luminaries are both in conjunction; and their united attractive power being exerted on the earth at the same time, not only causes the flux and reflux of the ocean, but occasions a variety of important changes in the bodies of infirm persons, of animals in general, but more particularly in those who are more sensible of these variations. And is this any wonder, when it is well known, that a very slight alteration in the atmosphere causes the most uncomfortable sensations to a number of invalids! But sometimes even these diseases were caused by demons. See on Matthew 8:16, Matthew 8:34 (note), and Matthew 17:15 (note).
Palsy - Palsy is defined, a sudden loss of tone and vital power in a certain part of the human body. This may affect a limb, the whole side, the tongue, or the whole body. This disorder is in general incurable, except by the miraculous power of God, unless in its slighter stages.
He healed them - Either with a word or a touch; and thus proved that all nature was under his control.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Matthew 9:26,31 And the fame hereof went abroad into all that land...
Matthew 14:1 At that time Herod the tetrarch heard of the fame of Jesus,
Joshua 6:27 So the LORD was with Joshua; and his fame was noised throughout all the country.
1 Kings 4:31 For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol...
1 Kings 10:1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions.
1 Chronicles 14:17 And the fame of David went out into all lands; and the LORD brought the fear of him on all nations.
Mark 1:28 And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.
Luke 4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.
Luke 5:15 But so much the more went there a fame abroad of him: and great multitudes came together to hear...
2 Samuel 8:6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts...
Luke 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)
Acts 15:23,41 And they wrote letters by them after this manner...
Matthew 4:23 And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom...
Matthew 8:14,15 And when Jesus was come into Peter's house, he saw his wife's mother laid, and sick of a fever...
Matthew 9:35 And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom...
Exodus 15:26 And said, If you will diligently listen to the voice of the LORD your God, and will do that which is right in his sight...
Matthew 9:32 As they went out, behold, they brought to him a dumb man possessed with a devil.
Matthew 12:22 Then was brought to him one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb: and he healed him, so that the blind and dumb both spoke and saw.
Matthew 15:22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried to him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord...
Matthew 17:18 And Jesus rebuked the devil; and he departed out of him: and the child was cured from that very hour.
Mark 5:2-18 And when he was come out of the ship, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit...
Luke 4:33-35 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice...
Luke 8:27-37 And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes...
Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good...
Matthew 17:15 Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatic, and sore vexed: for often he falls into the fire, and oft into the water.
Matthew 8:6,13 And saying, Lord, my servant lies at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented...
Matthew 9:2-8 And, behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith said to the sick of the palsy...
Matthew 4:24 Parallel CommentariesAfflicted Cured Demoniacs Demon-Possessed Demons Devils Diseases Divers Fame Forth Healed Lunatick Pain Pains Palsy Paralytics Paralyzed Possessed Report Seizures Severe Sick Spread Suffering Syria Throughout Torments VariousAfflicted Cured Demoniacs Demon-Possessed Demons Devils Diseases Divers Fame Forth Healed Lunatick Pain Pains Palsy Paralytics Paralyzed Possessed Report Seizures Severe Sick Spread Suffering Syria Throughout Torments VariousTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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