Leviticus 5:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'If anyone sins because they do not speak up when they hear a public charge to testify regarding something they have seen or learned about, they will be held responsible.

King James Bible
And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity.

Darby Bible Translation
And if any one sin, and hear the voice of adjuration, and he is a witness whether he hath seen or known [it], if he do not give information, then he shall bear his iniquity.

World English Bible
"'If anyone sins, in that he hears the voice of adjuration, he being a witness, whether he has seen or known, if he doesn't report it, then he shall bear his iniquity.

Young's Literal Translation
And when a person doth sin, and hath heard the voice of an oath, and he is witness, or hath seen, or hath known -- if he declare not, then he hath borne his iniquity:

Leviticus 5:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

If a soul sin - It is generally supposed that the case referred to here is that of a person who, being demanded by the civil magistrate to answer upon oath, refuses to tell what he knows concerning the subject; such a one shall bear his iniquity - shall be considered as guilty in the sight of God, of the transgression which he has endeavored to conceal, and must expect to be punished by him for hiding the iniquity to which he was privy, or suppressing the truth which, being discovered, would have led to the exculpation of the innocent, and the punishment of the guilty.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a soul

Leviticus 5:15,17 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD...

Leviticus 4:2 Speak to the children of Israel, saying...

Ezekiel 18:4,20 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sins, it shall die...

hear

Exodus 22:11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he has not put his hand to his neighbor's goods...

Judges 17:2 And he said to his mother, The eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from you, about which you cursed...

1 Kings 8:31 If any man trespass against his neighbor, and an oath be laid on him to cause him to swear...

1 Kings 22:16 And the king said to him, How many times shall I adjure you that you tell me nothing but that which is true in the name of the LORD?

2 Chronicles 18:15 And the king said to him, How many times shall I adjure you that you say nothing but the truth to me in the name of the LORD?

Proverbs 29:24 Whoever is partner with a thief hates his own soul: he hears cursing, and denudes it not.

Proverbs 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny you, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

Matthew 26:63 But Jesus held his peace, And the high priest answered and said to him, I adjure you by the living God...

the voice of swearing. Kol alah, rather, `the voice of adjuration' [], as the LXX. render; for this does not relate to the duty of informing against a common swearer, but to the case of a person who, being adjured by the civil magistrate to answer upon oath, refuses to declare what he knows upon the subject--such an one {shall bear his iniquity}--shall be considered as guilty in the sight of God of the transgression which he has endeavoured to conceal, and must expect to be punished for hiding the iniquity with which he was acquainted.

bear

Leviticus 5:17 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he knew it not...

Leviticus 7:18 And if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings be eaten at all on the third day, it shall not be accepted...

Leviticus 17:16 But if he wash them not, nor bathe his flesh; then he shall bear his iniquity.

Leviticus 19:8 Therefore every one that eats it shall bear his iniquity, because he has profaned the hallowed thing of the LORD...

Leviticus 20:17 And if a man shall take his sister, his father's daughter, or his mother's daughter, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness...

Numbers 9:13 But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and declines to keep the passover...

Psalm 38:4 For my iniquities are gone over my head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me.

Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many...

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live to righteousness...

Library
An Unalterable Law
EVERYWHERE under the old figurative dispensation, blood was sure to greet your eyes. It was the one most prominent thing under the Jewish economy, scarcely a ceremony was observed without it. You could not enter into any part of the tabernacle, but you saw traces of the blood-sprinkling. Sometimes there were bowls of blood cast at the foot of the altar. The place looked so like a shambles, that to visit it must have been far from attractive to the natural taste, and to delight in it, a man had need
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 60: 1914

Entire Sanctification
By Dr. Adam Clarke The word "sanctify" has two meanings. 1. It signifies to consecrate, to separate from earth and common use, and to devote or dedicate to God and his service. 2. It signifies to make holy or pure. Many talk much, and indeed well, of what Christ has done for us: but how little is spoken of what he is to do in us! and yet all that he has done for us is in reference to what he is to do in us. He was incarnated, suffered, died, and rose again from the dead; ascended to heaven, and there
Adam Clarke—Entire Sanctification

Cross References
Matthew 26:63
But Jesus remained silent. The high priest said to him, "I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God."

Proverbs 29:24
The accomplices of thieves are their own enemies; they are put under oath and dare not testify.

Jeremiah 23:10
The land is full of adulterers; because of the curse the land lies parched and the pastures in the wilderness are withered. The prophets follow an evil course and use their power unjustly.

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