Leviticus 20:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Say to the Israelites: 'Any Israelite or any foreigner residing in Israel who sacrifices any of his children to Molek is to be put to death. The members of the community are to stone him.

King James Bible
Again, thou shalt say to the children of Israel, Whosoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, that giveth any of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt say also to the children of Israel, Every one of the children of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn in Israel, that giveth of his seed unto Molech, shall certainly be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones.

World English Bible
"Moreover, you shall tell the children of Israel, 'Anyone of the children of Israel, or of the strangers who live as foreigners in Israel, who gives any of his seed to Molech; he shall surely be put to death. The people of the land shall stone him with stones.

Young's Literal Translation
'And unto the sons of Israel thou dost say, Any man of the sons of Israel, and of the sojourners who is sojourning in Israel, who giveth of his seed to the Molech, is certainly put to death; the people of the land do stone him with stones;

Leviticus 20:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

That giveth any of his seed unto Molech - To what has been said in the note on Leviticus 18:21 (note), we may add, that the rabbins describe this idol, who was probably a representative or emblematical personification of the solar influence, as made of brass, in the form of a man, with the head of an ox; that a fire was kindled in the inside, and the child to be sacrificed to him was put in his arms, and roasted to death. Others say that the idol, which was hollow, was divided into seven compartments within; in one of which they put flour, in the second turtle-doves, in the third a ewe, in the fourth a ram, in the fifth a calf, in the sixth an ox, and in the seventh a child, which, by heating the statue on the outside, were all burnt alive together. I question the whole truth of these statements, whether from Jewish or Christian rabbins. There is no evidence of all this in the sacred writings. And there is but presumptive proof, and that not very strong, that human sacrifices were at all offered to Molech by the Jews. The passing through the fire, so frequently spoken of, might mean no more than a simple rite of consecration to the service of this idol. Probably a kind of ordeal was meant, the persons passing suddenly through the flame of a large fire, by which, though they might be burnt or scorched, yet they were neither killed nor consumed. Or they might have passed between two large fires, as a sort of purification. See the notes on Leviticus 20:14; See the notes on Leviticus 18:21. Caesar, in his history of the Gallic war, lib. vi., c. 16, mentions a custom of the Druids similar to this. They made an image of wickerwork, enclosed those in it whom they had adjudged to death, and, setting the whole on fire, all were consumed together.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Whosoever

Leviticus 17:8,13,15 And you shall say to them, Whatever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers which sojourn among you...

giveth

Leviticus 18:21 And you shall not let any of your seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.

Deuteronomy 12:31 You shall not do so to the LORD your God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hates, have they done to their gods...

Deuteronomy 18:10 There shall not be found among you any one that makes his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that uses divination...

2 Kings 17:17 And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments...

2 Kings 23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom...

2 Chronicles 28:3 Moreover he burnt incense in the valley of the son of Hinnom, and burnt his children in the fire...

2 Chronicles 33:6 And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments...

Psalm 106:38 And shed innocent blood, even the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan...

Isaiah 57:5,6 Enflaming yourselves with idols under every green tree, slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks...

Jeremiah 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom...

Jeremiah 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of the son of Hinnom...

Ezekiel 16:20,21 Moreover you have taken your sons and your daughters, whom you have borne to me, and these have you sacrificed to them to be devoured...

Ezekiel 20:26,31 And I polluted them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass through the fire all that opens the womb...

Ezekiel 23:37,39 That they have committed adultery, and blood is in their hands, and with their idols have they committed adultery...

Acts 7:43 Yes, you took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which you made to worship them...

Moloch or Molech
The Rabbins describe this idol as made of brass sitting upon a throne of the same metal, in the form of a man, with the head of a calf, adorned with a royal crown, and his arms extended as if to embrace any one. When they offered any children to him, they heated the statue by a great fire kindled within, and the victim was put into his arms, and thus consumed. Others relate, that the idol, which was hollow, was divided into seven compartments within; in one of which they put flour, in the second turtles, in the third a ewe, in the fourth a ram, in the fifth a calf, in the sixth an ox, and the seventh a child, where all burnt together by heating the statue inside. The account which Diodorus gives of the statue of Saturn, to which the Carthaginians, descendants of the Canaanites, sacrificed their children, is very similar. For they had a brazen stature of Saturn, stretching out his hands towards the ground, in such a manner that the children placed within them tumbled down into a pit full of fire. To this account, Milton alludes in PARADISE LOST, B.1:392.

the people

Leviticus 20:27 A man also or woman that has a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, shall surely be put to death: they shall stone them with stones...

Leviticus 24:14,23 Bring forth him that has cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands on his head...

Numbers 15:35,36 And the LORD said to Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp...

Deuteronomy 13:10,11 And you shall stone him with stones, that he die; because he has sought to thrust you away from the LORD your God...

Deuteronomy 17:5-7 Then shall you bring forth that man or that woman, which have committed that wicked thing, to your gates, even that man or that woman...

Deuteronomy 21:21 And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shall you put evil away from among you...

Acts 7:58,59 And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul...

Library
Tenth Day. Holiness and Separation.
I am the Lord your God, which have separated you from other people. And ye shall be holy unto me, for I the Lord am holy, and have separated you from other people that ye should be Mine.'--Lev. xx. 24, 26. 'Until the days be fulfilled, in the which he separateth himself unto the Lord, he shall be holy.... All the days of his separation he is holy unto the Lord.'--Num. vi. 5, 8. 'Wherefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people through His own blood, suffered without the
Andrew Murray—Holy in Christ

Self-Denial.
"If any man will come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me."--Matt. xvi. 24. Good works are not the saint's sanctification, any more than drops of water are the fountain; but they spring as crystal drops from the fountain of sanctification. They are good, not when the saint intends them to be good, but when they conform to the divine law and proceed from a true faith. Yet the intention is of great importance; the Church has always taught that a work could not be called
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

Cross References
Leviticus 18:21
"'Do not give any of your children to be sacrificed to Molek, for you must not profane the name of your God. I am the LORD.

Leviticus 20:1
The LORD said to Moses,

Leviticus 20:27
"'A man or woman who is a medium or spiritist among you must be put to death. You are to stone them; their blood will be on their own heads.'"

Leviticus 24:14
"Take the blasphemer outside the camp. All those who heard him are to lay their hands on his head, and the entire assembly is to stone him.

Numbers 15:35
Then the LORD said to Moses, "The man must die. The whole assembly must stone him outside the camp."

Numbers 15:36
So the assembly took him outside the camp and stoned him to death, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Deuteronomy 21:21
Then all the men of his town are to stone him to death. You must purge the evil from among you. All Israel will hear of it and be afraid.

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