And Jephthah goeth with the elders of Gilead, and the people set him over them for head and for captain, and Jephthah speaketh all his words before Jehovah in Mizpeh.
Judges 11:11 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Jepthah went with the elders - The elders had chosen him for their head; but, to be valid, this choice must be confirmed by the people; therefore, it is said, the people made him head. But even this did not complete the business; God must be brought in as a party to this transaction; and therefore Jephthah uttered all his words before the Lord - the terms made with the elders and the people on which he had accepted the command of the army; and, being sure of the Divine approbation, he entered on the work with confidence.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Judges 11:8 And the elders of Gilead said to Jephthah, Therefore we turn again to you now, that you may go with us...
1 Samuel 23:9-12 And David knew that Saul secretly practiced mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring here the ephod...
1 Kings 3:7-9 And now, O LORD my God, you have made your servant king instead of David my father: and I am but a little child...
2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God;
James 1:5,17 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that gives to all men liberally, and upbraides not; and it shall be given him...
Jephthah uttered. That is, upon his elevation, he immediately retired to his devotion, and in prayer spread the whole matter before God, both his choice to the office, and his execution of the office, as one that had his eye ever toward the Lord, and would do nothing without him; that leaned not to his own understanding or courage, but depended on the Almighty God, and his favour. This is an example worthy of universal imitation; in All Our Ways, whether great or apparently subordinate, let us acknowledge God and seek his direction. So shall we make our way prosperous, and obtain that peace which passeth all understanding. Jephthah opened his campaign with prayer.
Judges 10:17 Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together...
Judges 20:1 Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was gathered together as one man, from Dan even to Beersheba...
1 Samuel 10:17 And Samuel called the people together to the LORD to Mizpeh;
1 Samuel 11:15 And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal...
Mizpeh. This Mizpeh was east of Jordan in the mountains of Gilead.
Genesis 31:49 And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD watch between me and you, when we are absent one from another.
and hence called Mizpeh
Judges 11:29 Then the Spirit of the LORD came on Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead...
to distinguish it from another place of the same name, west of Jordan, in the tribe of Judah
Joshua 15:38 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel,
Judges 11:11 Parallel CommentariesCaptain Chief Commander Elders Head Jephthah Leader Mizpah Mizpeh Repeated Responsible Speaketh Uttered WordsCaptain Chief Commander Elders Head Jephthah Leader Mizpah Mizpeh Repeated Responsible Speaketh Uttered WordsTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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