Jeremiah 4:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I looked at the earth, and it was formless and empty; and at the heavens, and their light was gone.

King James Bible
I beheld the earth, and, lo, it was without form, and void; and the heavens, and they had no light.

Darby Bible Translation
I beheld the earth, and lo, it was waste and empty; and the heavens, and they had no light.

World English Bible
I saw the earth, and, behold, it was waste and void; and the heavens, and they had no light.

Young's Literal Translation
I looked to the land, and lo, waste and void, And unto the heavens, and their light is not.

Jeremiah 4:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

I beheld the earth, (the land), and lo it was without form and void - תהו ובהו tohu vabohu; the very words used in Genesis to denote the formless state of the chaotic mass before God had brought it into order.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the earth.

Jeremiah 9:10 For the mountains will I take up a weeping and wailing, and for the habitations of the wilderness a lamentation...

Genesis 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep...

Isaiah 24:19-23 The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly...

Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away...

the heavens.

Isaiah 5:30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if one look to the land, behold darkness and sorrow...

Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth...

Ezekiel 32:7,8 And when I shall put you out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud...

Joel 2:10,30,31 The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark...

Joel 3:15,16 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining...

Amos 8:9 And it shall come to pass in that day, said the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon...

Matthew 24:29,35 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light...

Mark 13:25,25 And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken...

Luke 21:25,26 And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity...

Acts 2:19,20 And I will show wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke...

Library
The Wailing of Risca
You all know the story; it scarce needs that I should tell it to you. Last Saturday week some two hundred or more miners descended in health and strength to their usual work in the bowels of the earth. They had not been working long, their wives and their children had risen, and their little ones had gone to their schools, when suddenly there was heard a noise at the mouth of the pit;--it was an explosion,--all knew what it meant. Men's hearts failed them, for well they prophesied the horror which
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 7: 1861

How to Make Use of Christ for Cleansing of us from Our Daily Spots.
Having spoken of the way of making use of Christ for removing the guilt of our daily transgressions, we come to speak of the way of making use of Christ, for taking away the guilt that cleaveth to the soul, through daily transgressions; "for every sin defileth the man," Matt. xv. 20; and the best are said to have their spots, and to need washing, which presupposeth filthiness and defilement, Eph. v. 27. John xiii. 8-10. Hence we are so oft called to this duty of washing and making us clean. Isa.
John Brown (of Wamphray)—Christ The Way, The Truth, and The Life

The Unseen Watcher
[This chapter is based on Daniel 5.] Toward the close of Daniel's life great changes were taking place in the land to which, over threescore years before, he and his Hebrew companions had been carried captive. Nebuchadnezzar, "the terrible of the nations" (Ezekiel 28:7), had died, and Babylon, "the praise of the whole earth" (Jeremiah 51:41), had passed under the unwise rule of his successors, and gradual but sure dissolution was resulting. Through the folly and weakness of Belshazzar, the grandson
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Repentance
Then has God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.' Acts 11: 18. Repentance seems to be a bitter pill to take, but it is to purge out the bad humour of sin. By some Antinomian spirits it is cried down as a legal doctrine; but Christ himself preached it. From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent,' &c. Matt 4: 17. In his last farewell, when he was ascending to heaven, he commanded that Repentance should be preached in his name.' Luke 24: 47. Repentance is a pure gospel grace.
Thomas Watson—The Ten Commandments

Cross References
Genesis 1:2
Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.

Isaiah 5:30
In that day they will roar over it like the roaring of the sea. And if one looks at the land, there is only darkness and distress; even the sun will be darkened by clouds.

Isaiah 24:19
The earth is broken up, the earth is split asunder, the earth is violently shaken.

Jeremiah 2:12
Be appalled at this, you heavens, and shudder with great horror," declares the LORD.

Lamentations 3:2
He has driven me away and made me walk in darkness rather than light;

Joel 2:10
Before them the earth shakes, the heavens tremble, the sun and moon are darkened, and the stars no longer shine.

Zechariah 14:6
On that day there will be neither sunlight nor cold, frosty darkness.

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